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Korea Canada British Columbia Green Building Exchange May 2008 한국 캐나다 브리티시 컬럼비아 그린 빌딩 교류.

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Presentation on theme: "Korea Canada British Columbia Green Building Exchange May 2008 한국 캐나다 브리티시 컬럼비아 그린 빌딩 교류."— Presentation transcript:

1 Korea Canada British Columbia Green Building Exchange May 2008 한국 캐나다 브리티시 컬럼비아 그린 빌딩 교류

2 Green Buildings: The Canadian Context 그린 빌딩 : 캐나다의 상황 Korea Canada British Columbia Green Building Exchange May 2008 한국 캐나다 브리티시 컬럼비아 그린 빌딩 교류 Douglas MacLeod (B.Arch, B.Sc.,M.Env.Des.) Executive Director, Okanagan Science and Technology Council David Covo (FRAIC, OAQ) Chair, Canadian Design Research Network

3 What is design? 디자인이란 무엇인가 ? the initiation of change in the man-made environment 인간이 만들어 낸 환경에서의 변화의 시작 J. Christopher Jones What is sustainable design? 지속가능한 디자인이란 무엇인가 ? design that adds value to one system without reducing the value of another 다른 것의 가치를 떨어뜨리지 않으면서 하나의 시스템에 가치를 부여하는 디자인 Herman Daly

4 What is NOT Sustainability? 비지속성이란 무엇인가 ? 분명히, 해결책은 있다 모든 것을 초록으로 칠하자

5 디자이너의 우려 고객의 우려 사회의 우려 디자인

6 건축학적 가치 체계

7 태양 에너지 사용 빗물 저장 보기 흉한 자연주기와 조화 아름다운 자연주기의 무시 태양 에너지 낭비 빗물 폐기

8 연구 및 교육 Research & Education Green Buildings: The Canadian Context 그린 빌딩 : 캐나다의 상황

9 An Interdisciplinary Approach Research 연구 Design 디자인 Construction 건설 Operations 운영 Education & Promotion 교육 및 프로모션 Policy 정책 Building Codes (NRC) Busby KPMB Green Building Councils CMHC ecoENERGY (NRCan) Greening the Curriculum 2010 Education Resource Initiative Clean Air Act (Env. Canada)

10 CDRN A Pan-Canadian Green Building Information Network 캐나다 전역의 그린 빌딩 정보 네트워크 Emily Carr UCalgary UAlberta UBC Simon Fraser UManitoba Dalhousie UToronto Ryerson UWaterloo Carleton ETS UMontréal ULaval Concordia NSCAD York McGill Inclusive 포괄적인 Multidisciplinary 다양한 분야에 걸친 Multisectoral 다양한 지역의 OCAD

11 C.A.S.T. Centre for Architectural Structures & Technologies (University of Manitoba) Concrete structures formed in simple flat sheets of fabric

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23 Sustainable Design CDRN Research Themes Interactive Technologies Visualization & Visual Analytics Fabrication & Rapid Prototyping Advanced Design Technologies sustainability 지속가능성 design tools 디자인 도구 policy 정책 productivity 생산성 societal understanding 사회적 이해 enhanced design culture 강화된 디자인 문화 Outcomes & Impacts Understanding Design Towards Design Policy Focus Acceleration CDRN 의 연구 주제

24 Cost of a Building over 30 Years 30 년 간의 건물 유지 비용 > Productivity < Absenteeism Construction 1.8% Personnel Salaries 92% Design 0.2% Operations & Maintenance 6% > Daylighting < Energy < Cost < Time < Energy < Waste Source: Sustainable Building Technical Manual;

25 The Economic Benefits of Going Green 친환경 추구의 경제적 이점 In the United States, the annual cost of building-related sickness is estimated to be at $58 billion. According to researchers, green building has the potential to generate an additional $200 billion annually in the United States in worker performance by creating offices with improved indoor air quality. Green Building in North America

26 Sustainability Index vs. Dow Jones Industrial Average 지속가능성 지수 대 다우 존스 산업 평균 지수

27 Competition run by CMHC 12 Home Building Teams have been selected to build pilot demonstration homes None in BC yet Designed to produce as much energy as they consume - sometimes feeding excess power back into the grid 5 Principles of Sustainable Design: 지속가능 디자인의 다섯가지 원리 Health 건강 Energy 에너지 Resources 자원 Environment 환경 Affordability 공급가능성 Equilibrium Housing (NetZero Energy Healthy Housing) 건강 에너지 리소스 환경 비용이 저렴 평형유지 주택 ( 이너지 소비율 제로의 건강 주택 )

28 CDRN researcher Hugues Rivard led Team Montreal – a consortium of 3 Montreal Universities - to an 8/20 place finish. The design includes: Automated energy management system Green wall and roof Recycled steel structure 40, 205 watt Sanyo PV panels producing 8.2 kW Solar Decathlon Competition 년 태양광 주택건설 대회

29 Basic rules Lot size 25.0 m E-W by 20.4 m N-S ( approximately m 2) No excavation Maximum depth of anchors:.5 m House size Maximum footprint 74.3 m 2 Maximum height 8.5 m Not included in footprint Ramps Mechanical equipment – condensers, water/waste tanks, pumps Decks - terraces

30 Decathlon: 10 ‘events’ 1. Architecture 건축 200 points 2. Engineering 거주 150 points 3. Market viability 문서화 150 points 4. Communications 의사소통 100 points 5. Comfort zone 쾌감대 100 points 6. Appliances 가전제품 100 points 7.Hot water 온수 100 points 8. Lighting 빛 100 points 9. Energy balance 에너지 100 points 10.Transportation 운송수단 100 points Total = 1100 points

31 1. Architecture Subjective evaluation according to Vitruvian principles: Construction (Firmitas) Durability, material choice Balance between durability and portability Integration of structure and envelope Convenience (Utilitas) Efficiency of entrance and circulation Integration of special technologies General functionality Delight (Venustas) Innovation, use of new materials, new use of familiar materials Relationship between inside and outside Appearance from all sides (no ‘back’ facade)

32 5. Comfort Zone Temperature control (between 22 °C and 24 °C) Measured every 15 minutes Control of relative humidity (between 40 and 50%) Measured every 15 minutes Detailed evaluation of interior air quality and thermal comfort CO 2 Fresh air Contaminants and smells Dangerous chemical emissions…

33 9. Energy balance Projects demonstrating a net gain of electrical energy ( 0 kWh or more) after one week of competition receive a perfect score of 100 points

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41 CDRN A Pan-Canadian Green Building Information Network 캐나다 전역의 그린 빌딩 정보 네트워크 Emily Carr UCalgary UAlberta UBC Simon Fraser UManitoba Dalhousie UToronto Ryerson UWaterloo CarletonETS UMontréal ULaval Concordia NSCAD York McGill OCAD

42 The Need for Improved Research Funding 개선된 연구기금 조성의 필요성 In the US: Construction-related research was only 1.2% of sales Software invests 23% of its sales in research Green buildings research accounted for only.2% of all federally funded research ($193 million per year) “… Green building research funding is fundamentally fragmented and thus not conducive to creating integrated solutions.”

43 International Green Building Research Centre 국제 그린 빌딩 연구 센터 Research Education Testing Outreach Activities International Green Building Research Centre Online Virtual Building International Internet Research Network Archive of Learning Materials Sensors Carbon Counter Online Applications Green Building Social Network Building Performance Data

44 A Pan-Canadian Network of Information on Green Buildings 캐나다 전역의 그린 빌딩 정보 네트워크

45 A Global Green Building Research Network? 세계 그린 빌딩 연구 네트워크 ?

46 After May 24th these presentations will be posted at For more information please contact Douglas MacLeod at thank you - merci - kamsa hamnida 본 강연자료는 5 월 24 일 이후에 에 게시될 것입니다. 보다 자세한 내용은 Douglas MacLeod ( 에게 문의 바랍니다. 감사합니다


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