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Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases. Example with brackets How would you divide this sentence into phrases? The children put the toys in the box [The children]

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Presentation on theme: "Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases. Example with brackets How would you divide this sentence into phrases? The children put the toys in the box [The children]"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tree Diagrams / Labelling Phrases

2 Example with brackets How would you divide this sentence into phrases? The children put the toys in the box [The children] [ put [the toys] [i n [the box] ] ]

3 The Main Phrase Structure Rules 1. S NP VP 2. NP (Det) (AP) N (PP) 3. VP (Aux) V (NP) 4. PP (Deg) P (NP)

4 Up Side Down Trees Phrases (Phrases) Words Sentence (+ Infl) Syntactic Categories

5 OGrady, p How to build trees structures: (…)

6 THE PHRASE Drawing the tree diagram

7 Example - Phrase Tree (1) play with the toy V play VP NP the DetN toy How to Build a Tree (OGrady, p. 181) VP PP P with

8 Draw the tree Structure of phrase 1. repair the telephone 2. the success of the program 3. a film about pollution 4. move towards the window 5. The end of the road

9 Draw the tree Structure of phrase repair the telephone V VP NP Det N

10 Draw the tree Structure of phrase the success of the program N NP Prep N Det PP

11 Draw the tree Structure of phrase a film about pollution N NP Prep N Det PP

12 Draw the tree Structure of phrase move towards the window V VP NP Prep N Det PP

13 Draw the tree Structure of phrase the end of the road Det NP Det N PrepN PP

14 THE PHRASE Drawing the tree diagram

15 Example – Sentence Tree (2) He likes the toy. VPronoun (N) likes S NPVP He NP the DetN toy How to Build a Tree (OGrady, p. 181)

16 Example – Sentence Tree (2) The children like the toy. VPP in NPP the DetN boxThe N put S NPVP Det children NP the Det N toy How to Build a Tree (OGrady, p. 181)

17 Draw the structure trees for the following sentences Draw the tree structure of the following sentences: a) Those guests should leave. b) Maria never ate a brownie. c) That shelf will fall. d) The glass broke. e) The student lost the debate. f) The manager may offer a raise. Question # 5 (a–f) p. 187 (OGrady)

18 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence Those guests should leave. Det S VP Aux V N NP

19 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence Maria never ate a brownie. N S NP NVAdv NP Det VP

20 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence That shelf will fall. Det S VP Aux V N NP

21 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence The glass broke. Det S VP V N NP

22 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence The student lost the debate. Det S NP Det N N NP VP V

23 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence The manager may offer a raise. Det S VP Aux V N NP DetN NP

24 DRAW THE TREE DIAGRAM OF THESE PHRASES. 1. repair the telephone 2. he success of the program 3. a fat ladies man HOMEWORK

25 Draw the tree Structure of phrase repair the telephone V VP NP Det N

26 Draw the tree Structure of phrase the success of the program Det NP Prep N Det PP N

27 Draw the tree Structure of phrase a fat ladies man Det NP Adj N N

28 Draw the tree Structure of phrase a fat ladies man Det NP Adj N N

29 DRAW THE TREE DIAGRAM OF THESE AMBIGUOUS PHRASES. 1. Jane hid the letter from Dan. 2. He likes raw vegetables and meat. 3. The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

30 Draw the tree Structure of phrase Jane hid the letter from Dan. N NP Det Prep NV N PP NP VP S

31 Draw the tree Structure of phrase Jane hid the letter from Dan. N NP Det Prep NV N PP NP VP S

32 Draw the tree Structure of phrase He likes raw vegetables and meat. V S NP Adj Conj N N N NP VP

33 Draw the tree Structure of phrase He likes raw vegetables and meat. V S NP Adj Conj N N N NP VP NP

34 Draw the tree Structure of phrase The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile. N S NP V Prep Det PrepN DetN NP VP PP

35 Draw the tree Structure of phrase The teacher spoke to the boy with a smile. N S NP V Prep Det PrepN DetN NP VP PP

36 DRAW THE TREE DIAGRAM OF THESE PHRASES. 1. My boss was very happy about her promotion. 2. He put the car into the garage. 3. Her children have gone to the movies. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

37 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence My boss was very happy about her promotion. N S NP Prep N Adv VP Adj DetAux Det PP NP

38 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence He put the car into the garage. Det S NP Det N N NP VP PrepNV NP PP

39 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence Her children have gone to the movies. Det S NP Det N N NP VP Aux PP Prep V

40 DRAW THE TREE DIAGRAM OF THESE PHRASES. 1. You can use your credit card at the movies. 2. The police examined a photograph of the accident. 3. They arrested the suspect in the hotel. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

41 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence You can use your credit card at the movies. N NP Det N NP VP N PP Prep N S VAux NP

42 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence The police examined a photograph of the accident. Det NP Det N NP VP PP Prep N S V N NP

43 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence They arrested the suspect in the hotel. Det NP Det N N NP VP PrepNV NP PP S

44 DRAW THE TREE DIAGRAM OF THESE PHRASES. 1. Ralph has found the key to the cabinet. 2. My cat is very sick. 3. My sister is signing in the festival. 4. My mother is baking a cake for my sister. PRACTICE DIAGRAMS

45 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence Ralph has found the key to the cabinet Det NP Det N N NP VP PrepNAux NP PP S V

46 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence My cat is very sick. Det S AdjP Adv Adj N NP VP V

47 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence My sister is signing in the festival. Det S NP Det N N NP VP Aux PP Prep V

48 Draw the tree Structure of Sentence My mother is baking a cake for my sister. Det NP Det N N VP Prep Det Aux NP PP S V N NP


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