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GE 121 – Engineering Design - 2009 Engineering Design GE121 Isometric and Orthographic Sketching Lecture 3A.

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Presentation on theme: "GE 121 – Engineering Design - 2009 Engineering Design GE121 Isometric and Orthographic Sketching Lecture 3A."— Presentation transcript:

1 GE 121 – Engineering Design Engineering Design GE121 Isometric and Orthographic Sketching Lecture 3A

2 GE 121 – Engineering Design Engineering Drawing vs. Sketching  Engineering Drawings  Used as output of the design process to communicate the final design for production  Precise lines and arcs, detailed, and almost always to scale  Engineering Sketching  Used at conceptual stage of design  Freehand, general shapes and sizes, often just ballpark dimensions, not to a precise scale, but rather simply relative proportions  We will be primarily sketching

3 GE 121 – Engineering Design Unfolding the ‘Glass Box’

4 GE 121 – Engineering Design Layout of Views Standard Top Front & Right Side

5 GE 121 – Engineering Design Sketching - Oblique Representation

6 GE 121 – Engineering Design Sketching - Isometric Representation

7 GE 121 – Engineering Design Isometric to Orthographic Orthographic Views are used extensively in engineering Often, they must be produced from a 3D object or possibly an existing Isometric drawing or sketch

8 GE 121 – Engineering Design Isometric to Orthographic  Hints for Orthographic Sketching Identify the major features and overall dimensions Use clean, crisp strokes Do not use straightedges or scales when sketching Start by drawing bounding boxes and a miter line, using construction lines Align the views Use light construction lines to locate vertices and edges Only measure dimensions along primary axes Map inclined and oblique faces between all three views Follow the precedence of lines Doublecheck to make sure there are no missing hidden or center lines Darken all visible, hidden and center lines

9 GE 121 – Engineering Design Iso to Ortho Block in the 3 views using overall width, height and depth Front View first, then project height and width using construction lines Make sure depth is the same on Top and Right Views

10 GE 121 – Engineering Design Iso to Ortho Lightly block in major features in each view Place circles in views where they look round Begin darkening major features

11 GE 121 – Engineering Design Iso to Ortho Construction lines can be used to project location or size of one feature to another view A miter line can be used to project Depth dimensions

12 GE 121 – Engineering Design Iso to Ortho Finish adding all final lines Be sure to add all hidden and center lines Darken all final lines

13 GE 121 – Engineering Design Iso to Ortho Completed Sketch with construction lines erased

14 GE 121 – Engineering Design Orthographic to Isometric  Orthographic drawings are common in engineering. Visualizing or creating the Isometric View is a critical engineering skill

15 GE 121 – Engineering Design Orthographic to Isometric Hints for Isometric Sketching Identify major features and overall dimensions Use clean, crisp strokes Do not use straightedges or scales when sketching Start by drawing a bounding box, using construction lines Only measure dimensions along the primary axes Do not directly transfer angles from a multiview to a pictorial Use light construction lines to locate vertices and edges Sketch faces roughly in this order: 1.Normal faces on the perimeter of the bounding box 2.Normal faces in the interior of the bounding box 3.Inclined faces 4.Oblique faces Darken all object lines

16 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso  Set up Isometric Axis using 1 vertical line and 2 lines at 30 degrees from horizontal  Estimate the overall width height and depth of the object, and sketch the edges of a block that would completely enclose the object

17 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso  Sketch the outline of the front face using lines parallel and equal in length to the two previous height and width edges

18 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso  Sketch the outlines of the top and side faces using the same basic procedure as used for the front face  Begin sketching start/end points of major features

19 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso  Begin darkening major features as they are developed  Locate start/end points of additional and smaller features

20 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso  Locate and sketch start/end points for non- isometric lines such as the angled surface  Sketch and darken the non-isometric features

21 GE 121 – Engineering Design Ortho to Iso Completed Isometric Sketch with construction lines erased

22 GE 121 – Engineering Design Activity  Sketch a closed cell phone in Isometric View, and then in the 3 Standard Orthographic Views (Front, Top and Right Side)  If you complete early, attempt the same with the phone in the open position  Reference Images on the following slide for those without a cell phone to sketch

23 GE 121 – Engineering Design Reference Images


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