Presentation on theme: "Sophie Page Career management for graduate students Service des stages et du placement To make an appointment: Job Search,"— Presentation transcript:
Sophie Page Career management for graduate students Service des stages et du placement To make an appointment: firstname.lastname@example.org Job Search, How To View It Differently ? Fall 2012
Goals: To obtain a better understanding of the job search strategies in order to integrate the labor market successfully. Internship Employment To understand job search VS learning its techniques
How will we do this: Propose a job search method in 5 steps
Job search method in 5 steps 5. Be succesful in interviews 4. Apply on jobs 3. Establish a strategy for your contact and networking 2. Highlight your potential 1. Learn about the labor market
STEP 1 Learn About The Labor Market 1.1. Research the labor market 1.2. Understand the hiring process of companies
1.1. Research the labor market It will help you to: Know the types of jobs available in your area of expertise. Better understand the employers needs. Validate the tasks or responsabilities that you would like to find in a job. Comprehend the requirements of the labor market in your field. Use the same vocabulary as the employer.
How to get information The web site www.icriq.com is a good starting pointwww.icriq.com Consult the Service de Placement site http://www.polymtl.ca/sp/etudiant/liens/repertoire.php#entreprise Jobs sites http://www.polymtl.ca/sp/ http://www.polymtl.ca/sp/ http://www.indeed.ca/ http://www.indeed.ca/ http://www.academiccareers.com/ http://www.academiccareers.com/ http://www.engineeringcareers.ca/ http://www.engineeringcareers.ca/ Meet professionals
The hiring process for companies 1. First : Manager expresses a need for additionnal ressources: 1. Determines the ideal candidate’s profile 2. Starts a research for potential candidates
Employers recruitment practices 1. Internal (someone that I have seen at work or from whom I received an application.) 2. Network someone that has been recommended (by a contact, professor, friend, etc.). Bonus. 3. Human Ressources 4. Ads (newspapers and internet)
Characteristics of the labor market Hidden job market
Why the displayed offers have very specific requirements and looking for someone with experience?
Job Seekers’ Strategies 1. Manager 2. Networking, someone that you know. 3. Unsolicited Applications, Human ressource. 4. Employment services (La Ruche, agence de placement, etc.). 5. Ads in newspapers or on Internet.
Employers recruitment practices Receiving the applications (100) Evaluation of resumes and letters (25) Phone interview (15) Interview(s) (10) Tests (10) Reference check (2-3) Job proposition (1) 2. Second: The selection process of dpt. of human resources
Job Posting Who receives the resume. At what point are the resume and the letter read. How much time will the human ressources dpt. take to analyse the resume. It’s very important to customize your resume to fit the job and the company. Be aware of how you can stand out from your competition.
2. Highlight your potential Validate your skills What makes a person an excellent professional ?
Draw the connections Examine your profile! Self-analysis exercise Your education : What did you do or learn during your education (diploma, courses, projects) that could convince the employer that you are able to do each task? Your experience: What did you gain from all your work experience (job title, responsibilities, tasks, etc.), paid or unpaid, that could be connected to this future job? Your knowledge : Among all your specialized, technical, computer and other knowledge, which items are pertinent for this job offer? Your personality: Among all your personality characteristics, which are pertinent for this position? Others: What other experiences and skills could be interesting for your profile (ex. Professional membership, certification, continuing education, etc.)?
STEP 3 Establish A Strategy For Your Contact And Networking 3.1. What is networking? 3.3. How and Where to network? 3.4. How to make a contact?
What is networking? The objective is to have a conversation and build a rapport with someone. Be genuine and friendly. Your shared interests might lead to something interesting. Don’t focus on the end result. You will have to listen, to ask questions and share information.
How and where to network Personal, academic and social network Classmates, friends, family, professor, Neighbors, etc. Parties, Laboratory, voluntering, conference, departmental seminars, etc. Job fairs and career days More information to come
How and where to network Social media (Twitter, facebook and LinkedIn) Create a professionnal profil. Follow the compagnies of interest. Get information and do some research. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B0sdTdcM2Ws http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbwvK5Al0dQ&feature=related http://learn.linkedin.com/students/step-1/
Establish a strategy for your contact Name of employer Info on employer Person of interest/title Phone and email address AddressFollow-up
Make a contact Contact the employers (Phone call, letter and follow-up): Before you make any contact with the employers, it’s important to ask yourself 3 questions: What does the organisation do? Why am I interested and motivated by this position and this organisation? Among all my skills, which ones are more relevant for this position?
How to make contact How to make contact with a person of interest ? Version A I am looking for a job. Version B Potential between my profile and what I know of the company.
How to speak with the person in charge Secretary Which means to use (internet, phone, etc.)? What is the purpose of this contact? Get information Get my profile known Fears of job seekers …
Use the Career Fair and the Salon de l’emploi efficiently Get going, it’s time to wise-up! How to prepare? 1. Check the profile of the organisations which are present. 2. Be strategic! Establish your priorities. 3. Identify your strongest assets for the targeted organisations and prepare your questions.
What to say to the employer? 1. Present yourself in 15 to 30 seconds. In terms of the organisation. Demonstrate your interest and what you know about the organisation. Get information on the recruitment process. Follow up after the career fair. You were not present at the career fair…
Suggested questions to ask an employer: I would like to work as... do you have this kind of professionals in your company? What do they do exactly? What skills and profile are you looking for in this type of job? Do you have any special needs? How should I apply? Do you have a name to refer me? Any other questions whose answers can help you clarify your career choices...
4. Apply on jobs Is this position for me? Should I customize my resume? What is a resume? It’s your marketing tool! Focus on the similarities ! Reassure the employer! A good resume should get the employer attention in less then 20 secondes.
5. Be succesful in interviews Preparation is the key to your success. Your self-knowledge (interests, motivations, skills, etc.) What you know about the position (tasks, qualifications, requirements, etc.) What you know about the company (expertise, products, employees, market, etc.) Do not see the interview as a exam but as the occasion to exchange valuable informations.
Book of reference: R. Fry, 101 great answers to the toughest interview questions, Thomson Delmar Learning, Canada, 2007. Web site : Jobboom, Workopolis, Monster, etc. http://www.interviewstream.com/interviewsuite/ Personalized advice in individual appointment and more workshops to come...
Conclusion What I have presented today is an ideal to be achieved... But the best job search strategy is undoubtedly to take action! Despite what you hear and read, believe in your project!