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The Causes of WWI.

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Presentation on theme: "The Causes of WWI."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Causes of WWI

2 Militarism Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships.
The British feared an attack on their Empire

3 Militarism Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies. The size of Germany and France’s armies doubled between 1870 and 1914.

4 Alliances By 1914 all the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. The alliances made it more likely that a war would start. Once started, the alliances made it more likely to spread.

5 Imperialism All the great powers were competing for colonies / territory. The British feared Germany in Africa. The Austrians feared Serbia / Russia in the Balkans

6 Nationalism This was an age when all nations wanted to show their their power and independence. Serbia’s national flag

7 The role of leaders… e.g. Kaiser Wilhelm II
Built up German army and navy Determined to make Germany a top nation. Distrusted by other powers “Germany must have its place in the sun” “The world belongs to the strong.”



10 The July Crisis


12 The Schlieffen Plan

13 Britain’s Reaction 1838- Britain had signed a Treaty to protect Belgium. Did not want Germany to defeat France and dominate Europe. Britain next? Britain issued ultimatum to Germany to withdraw troops from Belgium. War declared August

14 If Britain is was at war, so was Canada

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