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ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE.

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Presentation on theme: "ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE."— Presentation transcript:

1 ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

2 Standard Competencies Menulis Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional pendek dan esei sederhana report, narrative dan analytical exposition dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

3 Basic Competencies Mengungkapkan makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei dengan menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari- hari dalam teks berbentuk: report, narrative, dan analytical exposition ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

4 Indikator Menggunakan kalimat reported speech dalam membuat sebuah report Menghasilkan teks berbentuk report ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

5 REPORTED SPEECH o Imperative o Statement o Wh- Questions o Yes/No Question ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

6 o Reported Speech: Statement When the reporting verb is in present or future, there is no change of tense in the words reported. Notice only the necessary change of person. He says, “I speak English.” He says (that) he speaks English. ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

7 ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE When the reporting verb is the past, the words reported are viewed in a past form. This form is usually one step back into the past from the original. She told me, “The children are waiting in the room.” She told me that the children were waiting in the room.

8 Reported Speech: Wh- Questions Reported Speech: Yes/No Question The word order of reported question is the same as a simple statement There is no inversion as in a simple question Questions introduced by a question word (who, what, when, where, how, etc.) The wh-question serves as a link between the reporting verb and the reported question ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE Where do you live ? He wanted to know where I lived.

9 Who You can use who or that when a word for a group of people like family or team is followed by a plural word (NB: this is only usual in British English): a family who quarrel among themselves. When such words are followed by a singular verb, you usually use which or that: a team which/that has won most of its games. ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE Usage Note

10 Pattern ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

11 Function: Used to report orders, request, warnings, advice, or invitations “Don’t touch the camera.” He told me not to touch his camera. ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

12 Change of Tenses past tense present tense Past continuous tense present continuous tense Past future tense present future tense Past perfect tense present perfect tense Past perfect tense past tense Past future perfect (conditional past perfect) past future tense ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

13 Change of Time and Place there here that this then now before ago the day before yesterday the next/ following day tomorrow ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

14 the next/ following day Next (week) that day today the night before tonight could can the following month next month the Sunday before last Sunday two days before two days ago ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

15 Contoh Soal 1. Beckham : Did you know what Fingo said yesterday? Raul : Of course. He said ____ the previous day. a. had gone to his country d. he went to his country b. he has gone to his country e. he goes to his country c. he will go to his country Jawaban : A ( kalau kalimat langsung/direct simple past, indirect/tdk langsung harus past perfect) 2. Teacher : Why was Mary absent yesterday? Jenifer : What did the teacher want to know, Ferdy? Ferdy : he wanted to know ____ a. if Mary was absent d. that Mary had been absent b. why Mary was absent e. why Mary had been absent c. why was Mary absent Jawaban : E (direct berbentuk Wh-question bentuk past tense jadi indirec berbentuk past perfect) ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

16 1.Head master : Why didn’t you clean this room this morning? Budi : I am sorry. I got a headache. The headmaster asked her why ___ the room this morning. Exercises a. I hadn’t cleanedb. He hadn’t cleanedc. He doesn’t cleand. He would not cleane. He hasn’t cleaned ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

17 2.Anto : I am sorry Lina. I forgot to bring your book. Ari : What did he say, Lina? Lina : Anto said to me that he ___ to bring my book. a. has forgotten b. forgets c. had forgotten d. forgot e. would forget ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

18 3.Mother asked Mira to close the windows because it was windy outside. Mother said, “ ___________” a. Mira close the window. It is windy outside. b. Closed the window, Mira. It is windy outside. c. Mira closed the window. It was windy outside. d. Does Mira close the window. It was windy outside. d. Does Mira close the window. It was windy outside. e. To close the window Mira! It is windy outside.e. To close the window Mira! It is windy outside ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

19 4.“What are you doing now?”, he asked. He asked me ____ a. what are you were doing now b. what I was doing then. c. what were you doing now. d. what I am doing now. e. what I was doing then ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

20 5.My parents advised my sister ____ too much money on clothes. a. do not spend d. not spending b. not to spend e. not spend c. did not spend ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

21 You’re Right ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

22 You’re Wrong ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

23 COMPETENCY TEST ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

24 Bibliography Herman Benyamin, Sofijandi, Agus Kusmawan,Ida yusridawati yakoub,2010.Advanced learning English 2.Grafindo Media Pratama. www.english club.com www. English at home.com www. English at ALWAYS DO AND THINK POSITIVE, BECAUSE THE RESULT WILL BE POSITIVE

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