Presentation on theme: "Blood and Donation Facts"— Presentation transcript:
1Blood and Donation Facts Canadian Blood ServicesTraining and Orientation 2009
2What is Blood? Specialized cells suspended in plasma Constantly circulating throughout bodyCarries oxygen and nourishment to cells and removes waste productsSupports body’s immune system and capacity to heal itself
3Components of Blood: Whole blood contains 4 main elements: Red blood cells – carry oxygen to tissuePlatelets – used in coagulation (clotting)Plasma – maintains blood volume and blood pressure, and prevents excessive bleedingWhite blood cells – fight infection
4Blood Types Blood Types and Patient/Donor Compatibilities Blood Type (Donor)% of Blood Type Amongst all CanadiansPatient Types Compatible with the Red Blood Cells of DonorPatient Types Compatible with the Plasma of Donor (Rh not indicated)A+36A+, AB+A, OA-6A-, A+, AB-, AB+O+39O+, A+, B+, AB+OO-7All Blood TypesB+7.6B+, AB +B, OB-1.4B-, B+, AB-, AB+AB+2.5AB-0.5AB-, AB+There are four main blood types: A, B, O, AB.Essentially, O+ most common blood type, AB- is rarest.
5Blood Types 15% of all Canadians are Rh negative O- is the universal blood donorAB is the universal blood recipientO and A blood groups are always in high demand but all are neededThere is no ‘best’ blood type
6What It Takes To Give Giving blood only takes about one hour Average person has about 5 – 6 Litres of BloodNormal collection is one unit (450 mL)How often you are eligible to donate:Plasma – 1 weekPlatelets – 2 weeksRed blood cells – 56 daysThere’s also 150mL of blood taken in addition tot he 450mL as the sample that CBS will test, so a total of 600mL is collected.
7What It Takes To Give II: Identification: Identification with full name and picture such as a driver’s license.Age: Between 17 and 71 birthday (regular donor), or between 17 and 61 birthday (first-time donor).Weight: At least 50 kg (110 lbs)Frequency: Interval between whole blood donations is 56 daysAnyone older than the upper boundary in the age limits can speak to their doctor if they still wish to donate.
8What It Takes To Give III: You should be in good health and feel wellYou should have had something to eat and had adequate sleepYou must also meet hemoglobin (iron) requirements (test done at clinic)At the time of donation, you will be asked a number of questions to determine your eligibility
9What It Takes To Give IV: If you haveYou must wait before donatingHad dental treatment(extractions, fillings, cleaning, restoration)For cleaning or filling: until the day after treatmentFor extraction, root canal or dental surgery: 72 hours provided there is full recoveryA cold, flu or sore throatFull recoveryHad ear or body piercing or tattooing6 monthsThe purpose of these restrictions is to make sure that you are absolutely healthy enough to donate so that you suffer minimal side-effects. CBS wants to ensure the best possible experience for all of its donors so that they will return after a positive experience. We do not want to risk the donor’s health, so precautions are taken to the best of our abilities.
10Uses of Blood Platelets – cancer patients, hemophiliacs, etc. Red cells – anemia patients, cancer patients, trauma patients etc.Plasma – serious burns, shock, cancer, bone marrow therapy, etc.
11How Much Blood Is Needed… Fractured hip/Joint replacement – 2 to 5 unitsAuto accident/Gunshot wound – up to 50 unitsCancer treatment – up to 8 units per weekBleeding ulcer – 3 to 30 unitsBrain surgery – 4 to 10 unitsCardiovascular surgery – 2 to 25 unitsLiver transplant – up to 100 units
12The Donation ProcessPhoto identification is presented to the receptionist.First time donors will be given a “First Time Donor” sticker to inform nurses to be more attentive.Iron levels are checked when there is an available nurse.A series of questions are provided on the back of the donor’s information printout to check eligibility.
13The Donation Process II The donor must read the information presented about testing for diseases, HIV symptoms, etc.A nurse takes the donor into a private room where more questions are asked about the donor to further check eligibility.Temperature and blood pressure are measured in the room.Lastly, a ‘Yes, use my blood,’ or ‘No, don’t use my blood’ sticker is available for donors to put on their information sheet in private, without the nurse present.**The actual ‘needle in arm’ time is about 5 minutes.