Presentation on theme: "Hitler's Rise to Power An overview of the causes of Hitler’s rise to power in Germany. Note: this presentation provides only a brief overview of the reasons."— Presentation transcript:
1 Hitler's Rise to PowerAn overview of the causes of Hitler’s rise to power in Germany.Note: this presentation provides only a brief overview of the reasons for Hitler’s Rise, each element of the slideshow will also be taught in depth
2 Objectives At the end of this lesson you should be able to: Identify and explain a number of factors that led to the rise of the Nazi partyRecognise that no single factor led to Hitler’s rise
3 Overview The Nazi Party was formed in 1919 Hitler joined the party shortly after it’s inceptionGermany was in a state of disarray after the First World WarThere were many extremist groups in Germany at the time
4 Many Germans were disillusioned after the defeat in the First World war. Ex-soldiers felt that they had been ‘Stabbed in the back’ and felt that they had not been defeated on the battlefield.Many of them joined Right Wing groups such as the Freikorps or the Nazi party.The Spartacist rising, amongst others, led to many people fearing a Communist revolution in Germany. People looked to right Wing groups to act against this: the Freikorps in particular.Economic hardship was coupled with humiliation as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Right Wing groups gained popularity by saying that they would not adhere to it’s terms.
5 How did the Nazi party gain support in this period? Military uniforms demonstrated strength at a time when the government was weakUse of force against communists and Trade unionists was popular with businessesPopulist policies and rhetoric were employed to discredit opponents and develop support.References to traditional values and reminders of ‘Who was to blame’ for the economic crisis builds support.
6 1923: Violent uprisingBy 1923 the Nazi party had gained much support in Bavaria. Now firmly under the control of Adolf Hitler the group attempts to seize control of the government through use of force.Despite having many sympathisers the coup fails and Hitler is imprisoned.The failure of the Beer Hall Putsch demonstrates that power needs to be taken through legal means.
7 Regrouping Whilst in prison Hitler analyses the parties strategy Political Strategies are developed and refinedShift to winning electoral supportDevelopment of propaganda toolsAttempts to win support of big business
8 1924-1929 Focus on traditional values Builds fear of Left Wing groups Continued use of military imageryLack of electoral support due to relative prosperity in Germany at the time
9 A Change in FortunesWall Street Crash leads to end of effective financial assistance from USAUnemployment rises rapidlyHyperinflation recursThreat of Communism increasesCoalition government fails to address problems successfully
10 Into government (1) Nazi’s use force to prevent uprisings Rhetoric plays on peoples fearsBig Business won over through radical economic plansEmphasis placed on military power wins support of many soldiers and traditionalists.Weak coalition governments enables Nazi’s to gain political strengthPropaganda and shows of might impress the masses
11 Into Government (2)Electoral support rises: Nazi’s become largest single party in the ReichstagContinuing economic crisis leads to break down of coalitionsAging and ineffective president increasingly reliant upon Article 48Germany in desperate need of a strong leader
12 In PowerInvited to become chancellor by politicians who believe that Hitler can be manipulated easilyPresident Hindenburg’s death allows Hitler to assume presidential powersNazi Party’s rise to power is complete
13 Rise to power: an overview Strong leadershipDeterminationPopular Rhetoric and Hitler’s capabilities as a public speakerWeakness of Coalition governmentWall Street Crash and the consequent economic collapseSupport of significant businessmenDisruption of extremist opponentsFear of Communism