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Russia’s Historical Legacy: Part I. Central Russia.

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Presentation on theme: "Russia’s Historical Legacy: Part I. Central Russia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russia’s Historical Legacy: Part I




5 Central Russia

6 Volga River

7 Southern Russia

8 Russia’s prairies: The Steppe

9 Russia’s Black Sea coast

10 The Russian Caucasus: Mount Elbrus

11 Siberian taiga

12 Russian winter

13 The Russian Arctic

14 Altai Mountains: foothills of the Himalayas

15 The Russian Far East: Kamchatka Peninsula

16 Russia’s Pacific Coast


18 Moscow Kremlin Moscow, Kremlin: the center of Russian state power

19 St. Petersburg, Russia’s “second capital”


21 The State Emblem of the Russian Federation



24 Russia’s major assets Territory – size and position Natural resources Transportation networks Industrial base Science and education Nuclear weapons Space program

25 7th largest economy, expected to become No.5 within a decade 1/3 or more of global natural resources A nuclear superpower A space superpower A permanent member of UNSC A member of G8 A key international actor across Eurasia (involved in more international organizations and projects than any other state except US)



28 Security-development ratios Costs of development and security: four basic modes of interaction D-costs high, S-costs high (Russia) D-costs low, S-costs low (USA, Canada) D-costs high, S-costs low (Scandinavia) D-costs low, S-costs high (?)

29 Russia is 1,200 years old It has existed in 6 historical forms:  Kiev Rus (9th-13th centuries)  Domain of the Tatar-Mongol empire (13th-15th centuries)  The Moscow State (15th-17th centuries)  The Russian Empire (18th century-1917)  The Soviet Union (1917-1991)  The Russian Federation (1991- today)

30 Key questions re Russia’s historical legacy: State-society relations: patterns and balances Forms of state authority The state’s role in the economy Role of civil society institutions: market economy, religion, rule of law Role of ideology Freedom and order

31 RUSSIA 1 Kiev Rus The Slavic-Viking project

32 Slav migrations: 5 th -7 th centuries


34 Viking longboats on their way south across Slavic lands to Constantinople

35 A Viking-Slav encounter, painting by V. Vasnetsov

36 Kiev Rus

37 Riurik, a Viking chief, the first Grand Prince of Kiev (9 th century)

38 Russia’s medieval democracy: veche, the city assembly

39 Contact with the Eastern Roman Empire: Constantinople, 10 th century

40 The Second Rome: Hagia Sophia Cathedral, Constantinople

41 The baptism of Prince Vladimir (painting by M Vasnetsov)

42 988 CE: Russians are converted to the new faith

43 Destruction of pagan gods

44 “The Golden- Haired Saviour” (Russian icon, 13 th century)

45 Power patterns in Russia 1 Kiev Rus became a major European state in a century Security costs moderate Development costs moderate Balance between state and society A robust market economy Democratic political institutions A state church sharing power with the Grand Prince Key flaw: Feudal fragmentation, constant struggles for power among proliferating princes Vulnerability to massive invasions

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