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Engineering as a Profession Manoj Choudhary, M. Eng., P.Eng. Student Liaison Coordinator Prelicensing Programs Prelicensing Programs.

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Presentation on theme: "Engineering as a Profession Manoj Choudhary, M. Eng., P.Eng. Student Liaison Coordinator Prelicensing Programs Prelicensing Programs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Engineering as a Profession Manoj Choudhary, M. Eng., P.Eng. Student Liaison Coordinator Prelicensing Programs Prelicensing Programs

2 Professional Engineers Ontario Professional Engineers Ontario website Professional Engineers Ontario website PEO Student membership (SMP) website PEO Student membership (SMP) website

3 Objectives What is Professional Engineering? What is Professional Engineering? How does PEO regulate the Profession? How does PEO regulate the Profession? What are PEO’s Licensing Requirements? What are PEO’s Licensing Requirements? Why do we have SMP and EIT Programs? Why do we have SMP and EIT Programs? Mobility of P.Eng. License Mobility of P.Eng. License

4 Definition of Engineering “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been” “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been” Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to the optimum conversion of resources that benefit the society Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to the optimum conversion of resources that benefit the society Engineers are not trained – they are educated Engineers are not trained – they are educated

5 Defining Professionalism A complex set of characteristics involving: Specialized knowledge Specialized knowledge Intense preparation Intense preparation Dedication to public service Dedication to public service Autonomous decision-making authority in matters of importance to society. Autonomous decision-making authority in matters of importance to society.

6 Practice of Professional Engineering All three items must be present: All three items must be present: 1. Any act of designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising; 2. Wherein the safeguarding of life, health, property or the public welfare is concerned; 3. That requires the application of engineering principles.

7 Why become a P.Eng.? May be required by law May be required by law Right to use “P.Eng.” and “Engineer” in job title Right to use “P.Eng.” and “Engineer” in job title Recognition by employers and clients Recognition by employers and clients Commitment to the profession Commitment to the profession Participation in professional self-regulation Participation in professional self-regulation A global advantage A global advantage opportunities for advancement opportunities for advancement

8 PEO - Facts licensed Professional Engineers, P.Eng. 67,000 licensed Professional Engineers, P.Eng. 67,000 Engineering Interns(EIT) 5,000 Engineering Interns(EIT) 5,000 Certificate of Authorization 3,900 Certificate of Authorization 3,900 Designated Consulting Engineers 1,300 Designated Consulting Engineers 1,300 Student Members 6,600 Student Members 6,600

9 Historical Perspective Professional Engineers Act June 14th, 1922 – Creation of APEO June 14th, 1922 – Creation of APEO 1930’s elevated to level of profession through ‘right to practice’ 1930’s elevated to level of profession through ‘right to practice’ 1970’s mandatory Professional Practices Exam 1970’s mandatory Professional Practices Exam 1990’s intern experience period doubled 1990’s intern experience period doubled February 2003 – Strict use of terminology including ‘engineer’ February 2003 – Strict use of terminology including ‘engineer’

10 Professional Engineers Ontario Mandate: “Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) administers and enforces the Professional Engineer’s Act of Ontario, “Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) administers and enforces the Professional Engineer’s Act of Ontario, sets the standards of practice for professional engineering in Ontario, sets the standards of practice for professional engineering in Ontario, Licenses & disciplines engineers & engineering firms, including control of the use of titles such as engineer, P.Eng., & Consulting Engineer Licenses & disciplines engineers & engineering firms, including control of the use of titles such as engineer, P.Eng., & Consulting Engineer in order that the public interest may be served and protected”. in order that the public interest may be served and protected”.

11 How PEO Works? Provides a self-governing facility; Provides a self-governing facility; PEO Council; and PEO Council; and Council approved committees: Council approved committees: – develop policies; – carry out legislated functions; – guide the Association. 37 Chapters across Ontario 37 Chapters across Ontario

12 How PEO Functions Setting standards for admission & the practice of professional engineering; Setting standards for admission & the practice of professional engineering; Developing and communicating these standards; and Developing and communicating these standards; and Ensuring practice at the requisite level by only authorized professionals. Ensuring practice at the requisite level by only authorized professionals. To serve and protect the public interest

13 PEO’s Regulatory Functions 3 Main Departments: Standards & Regulations Standards & Regulations Licensing & Registration Licensing & Registration Regulatory Compliance Regulatory Compliance

14 4 year bachelor of engineering degree; 4 year bachelor of engineering degree; Professional Practice Examination; Professional Practice Examination; Good character; 3 references; Good character; 3 references; Legal status in Canada Legal status in Canada 48 months acceptable engineering experience; with at least 12 months in Canada. 48 months acceptable engineering experience; with at least 12 months in Canada. Must be at least 18 years old. Must be at least 18 years old. Licensing & Registration – Admission Criteria

15 Pre-Graduation Experience Up to 12 months credit; Up to 12 months credit; After 50% of course work; After 50% of course work; Stepping-stone in career development; Stepping-stone in career development; Assessed after 12 months post-graduate experience. Assessed after 12 months post-graduate experience. Pregraduation Experience Record Form available at Pregraduation Experience Record Form available at

16 Post-Graduate Degrees Eligible for 12 months experience credit; Eligible for 12 months experience credit; Thesis research work can count additionally Thesis research work can count additionally – Applied engineering nature; – External industrial funding & application – Industrial P.Eng. referee Total time-credit cannot exceed time taken for degree and thesis Total time-credit cannot exceed time taken for degree and thesis

17 Engineering Experience Application of theory; Application of theory; Practical experience; Practical experience; Management of engineering; Management of engineering; Communication skills; and Communication skills; and Social implications of engineering. Social implications of engineering.

18 Application of Theory Do I need my engineering studies to do my job? If so, how? Do I need my engineering studies to do my job? If so, how? Link your work to your academics, refer to specific engineering principles: Link your work to your academics, refer to specific engineering principles: – What are the important parameters to consider? – What are the options available to you? – How did you make your decision? – Who did you consult and how much assistance did you receive? – Why is the selected method appropriate under the circumstances?

19 Practical Experience The function of components as part of a larger system; The function of components as part of a larger system; Limitations of practical engineering; Limitations of practical engineering; What considerations did you have to make due to real world conditions? What considerations did you have to make due to real world conditions? What codes and standards did you use as part of your engineering work? What codes and standards did you use as part of your engineering work? Why was it necessary to refer to these – what is the basis for these? Why was it necessary to refer to these – what is the basis for these? How did limitations of time, material, personnel, etc. affect your engineering work? How did limitations of time, material, personnel, etc. affect your engineering work?

20 Management of Engineering Planning; Planning; Scheduling; Scheduling; Budgeting; Budgeting; Supervision; Supervision; Project control; and Project control; and Risk assessment. Risk assessment.

21 Communication Skills How do you report your work? How do you report your work? Any written reports? Who receives these? Any written reports? Who receives these? Opportunities for presentations? Opportunities for presentations? Participation in meetings? Participation in meetings? Any examples of having to promote your engineering ideas through a reporting mechanism? What was the result? Any examples of having to promote your engineering ideas through a reporting mechanism? What was the result?

22 Social Implications Benefits of engineering to the public; Benefits of engineering to the public; Safeguards; Safeguards; Relationship between engineering and the public; and Relationship between engineering and the public; and Role of regulatory agencies. Role of regulatory agencies.

23 Doubtful Experience Cross-discipline candidates Cross-discipline candidates Technician’s/ administration work Technician’s/ administration work – Quality activities – Patent agents – Teaching – Constructions – Sales Representatives

24 Discipline vs. Enforcement DISCIPLINE – Handles complaints against licensed engineers for incompetence, negligence, or professional misconduct. DISCIPLINE – Handles complaints against licensed engineers for incompetence, negligence, or professional misconduct. ENFORCEMENT – Concerned with practice of professional engineering by non-engineers, improper use of engineering titles by non- engineers, and unauthorized independent practice by engineers without a C of A. ENFORCEMENT – Concerned with practice of professional engineering by non-engineers, improper use of engineering titles by non- engineers, and unauthorized independent practice by engineers without a C of A.

25 Discipline Committee Revoke licence Revoke licence Suspend licence Suspend licence Limit professional work Limit professional work Demonstrate knowledge - exams Demonstrate knowledge - exams Publish findings including names Publish findings including names Right to appeal at Divisional Court Right to appeal at Divisional Court

26 Enforcement Process Contact the offenders Contact the offenders Educate them to the enforcement provisions of the Act Educate them to the enforcement provisions of the Act Give them “a reasonable chance to comply” Give them “a reasonable chance to comply” Negotiate a satisfactory settlement Negotiate a satisfactory settlement Legal proceedings are utilized when there is no cooperation from the offenders and where there is compelling evidence of an offence.

27 Sources of Responsibilities Professional code of ethics Professional code of ethics Specific legislated duties Specific legislated duties Contractual duties Contractual duties

28 PEO Code of Ethics – Bottom Line Being a professional carries certain legal and ethical responsibilities. Being a professional carries certain legal and ethical responsibilities. Recognizing ethical dilemmas and determining actions to address them are important skills for professionals. Recognizing ethical dilemmas and determining actions to address them are important skills for professionals. Your professional colleagues can assist you to make ethically sound decisions. Your professional colleagues can assist you to make ethically sound decisions.

29 SMP - Objectives Increase level of professional awareness & behaviour Increase level of professional awareness & behaviour Promote better communication between students and the engineering community Promote better communication between students and the engineering community Standardize the delivery of PEO’s programs and activities to students Standardize the delivery of PEO’s programs and activities to students Provide a seamless transition from student through to licensed P.Eng. Provide a seamless transition from student through to licensed P.Eng.

30 SMP - Benefits Link to the engineering community through on-line information, Engineering Dimensions Magazine (see your EngSoc office on campus), Chapter involvement & surveys Link to the engineering community through on-line information, Engineering Dimensions Magazine (see your EngSoc office on campus), Chapter involvement & surveys Questions about engineering answered through your web connection to PEO Questions about engineering answered through your web connection to PEO Participation means that your voice is heard and you & your opinions are counted! Participation means that your voice is heard and you & your opinions are counted! FREE FREE

31 Financial Credit Program (FCP) CEAB Graduate Students CEAB Graduate Students PEO will waive $ Lic. Application fee PEO will waive $ Lic. Application fee FREE EIT Membership – First Year FREE EIT Membership – First Year Must apply on-line within six months of Grad. Must apply on-line within six months of Grad.

32 Engineering Intern Training (EIT) Program Annual review of work experience Annual review of work experience Personal guidance related to work experience Personal guidance related to work experience EIT Seminars EIT Seminars EIT title for business cards & resumes EIT title for business cards & resumes PEO publications mailed directly to you PEO publications mailed directly to you Chapter membership Chapter membership OSPE membership eligibility OSPE membership eligibility

33 New & Developing Services Experience summary reviews Experience summary reviews EIT introduction seminars EIT introduction seminars Mentoring (through the Chapters) Mentoring (through the Chapters)

34 Student Membership Program (SMP) Student Membership Program (SMP) Engineer Internship Training Program (EIT) Engineer Internship Training Program (EIT) P.Eng. Licence P.Eng. Licence Your Road-Map to Professionalism

35 Advocacy Vs. Regulatory OSPE For the benefit of the engineer For the benefit of the engineer Advocacy role within government and industry Advocacy role within government and industry Member services including salary surveys; career centre Member services including salary surveys; career centre To serve and protect the public To serve and protect the public Licence qualified individuals Licence qualified individuals Regulate the practice of engineering through enforcement and discipline Regulate the practice of engineering through enforcement and discipline

36 Mobility of License in Canada Applicants licensed as Professional Engineers by another Canadian engineering assoc. Applicants licensed as Professional Engineers by another Canadian engineering assoc. – For at least five years – no additional requirements – Less than five years may be required to write PPE and meet current licensing requirements

37 Mobility of License in the U.S. Each state and jurisdiction of the United States have local laws governing the practice of engineering. Each state and jurisdiction of the United States have local laws governing the practice of engineering. Generally requirements to become licensed as a P.E Generally requirements to become licensed as a P.E – Education (accredited program) – FE Exam (Fundamentals of Engineering Exam) – Experience (4 years) – PE Exam (Principles and Practices of Engineering Exam in your chosen discipline)


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