Presentation on theme: "Engineering as a Profession"— Presentation transcript:
1 Engineering as a Profession Manoj Choudhary, M. Eng., P.Eng.Student Liaison CoordinatorPrelicensing Programs
2 Professional Engineers Ontario Professional Engineers Ontario websitePEO Student membership (SMP) website
3 Objectives What is Professional Engineering? How does PEO regulate the Profession?What are PEO’s Licensing Requirements?Why do we have SMP and EIT Programs?Mobility of P.Eng. License
4 Definition of Engineering “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been”Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to the optimum conversion of resources that benefit the societyEngineers are not trained – they are educated
5 Defining Professionalism A complex set of characteristics involving:Specialized knowledgeIntense preparationDedication to public serviceAutonomous decision-making authority in matters of importance to society.
6 Practice of Professional Engineering All three items must be present:Any act of designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising;Wherein the safeguarding of life, health, property or the public welfare is concerned;That requires the application of engineering principles.
7 Why become a P.Eng.? May be required by law Right to use “P.Eng.” and “Engineer” in job titleRecognition by employers and clientsCommitment to the professionParticipation in professional self-regulationA global advantageopportunities for advancementAct requires you to hold license to provide engineering services in Canada.Please note, since February 2003, licensed professional engineers are the only persons who can legally use the term ‘engineer’ in job title.Some employers and/or clients will not hire and/or promote you without it. It is worth noting that professional engineers tend to earn more money and have better promotional opportunities than unlicensed grads.A reward for all those years of hard work, efforts and dedication – P. Eng. - in front of your nameYou can influence the way engineers are perceived in our societyP.Eng. Designation is well recognized throughout the world. Instant credibility with multinational companies that can lead to expanded employment opportunities.
8 PEO - Facts licensed Professional Engineers, P.Eng. 67,000 Engineering Interns (EIT) ,000Certificate of Authorization ,900Designated Consulting Engineers ,300Student Members ,600
9 Historical Perspective Professional Engineers ActJune 14th, 1922 – Creation of APEO1930’s elevated to level of profession through ‘right to practice’1970’s mandatory Professional Practices Exam1990’s intern experience period doubledFebruary 2003 – Strict use of terminology including ‘engineer’
10 Professional Engineers Ontario Mandate:“Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) administers and enforces the Professional Engineer’s Act of Ontario,sets the standards of practice for professional engineering in Ontario,Licenses & disciplines engineers & engineering firms, including control of the use of titles such as engineer, P.Eng., & Consulting Engineerin order that the public interest may be served and protected”.
11 How PEO Works? Provides a self-governing facility; PEO Council; and Council approved committees:develop policies;carry out legislated functions;guide the Association.37 Chapters across Ontario
12 How PEO FunctionsSetting standards for admission & the practice of professional engineering;Developing and communicating these standards; andEnsuring practice at the requisite level by only authorized professionals.To serve and protect the public interest
14 Licensing & Registration – Admission Criteria 4 year bachelor of engineering degree;Professional Practice Examination;Good character; 3 references;Legal status in Canada48 months acceptable engineering experience; with at least 12 months in Canada.Must be at least 18 years old.
15 Pre-Graduation Experience Up to 12 months credit;After 50% of course work;Stepping-stone in career development;Assessed after 12 months post-graduate experience.Pregraduation Experience Record Form available at
16 Post-Graduate Degrees Eligible for 12 months experience credit;Thesis research work can count additionallyApplied engineering nature;External industrial funding & applicationIndustrial P.Eng. refereeTotal time-credit cannot exceed time taken for degree and thesis
17 Engineering Experience Application of theory;Practical experience;Management of engineering;Communication skills; andSocial implications of engineering.
18 Application of TheoryDo I need my engineering studies to do my job? If so, how?Link your work to your academics, refer to specific engineering principles:What are the important parameters to consider?What are the options available to you?How did you make your decision?Who did you consult and how much assistance did you receive?Why is the selected method appropriate under the circumstances?
19 Practical ExperienceThe function of components as part of a larger system;Limitations of practical engineering;What considerations did you have to make due to real world conditions?What codes and standards did you use as part of your engineering work?Why was it necessary to refer to these – what is the basis for these?How did limitations of time, material, personnel, etc. affect your engineering work?
20 Management of Engineering Planning;Scheduling;Budgeting;Supervision;Project control; andRisk assessment.
21 Communication Skills How do you report your work? Any written reports? Who receives these?Opportunities for presentations?Participation in meetings?Any examples of having to promote your engineering ideas through a reporting mechanism? What was the result?
22 Social Implications Benefits of engineering to the public; Safeguards; Relationship between engineering and the public; andRole of regulatory agencies.
24 Discipline vs. Enforcement DISCIPLINE – Handles complaints against licensed engineers for incompetence, negligence, or professional misconduct.ENFORCEMENT – Concerned with practice of professional engineering by non-engineers, improper use of engineering titles by non-engineers, and unauthorized independent practice by engineers without a C of A.
25 Discipline Committee Revoke licence Suspend licence Limit professional workDemonstrate knowledge - examsPublish findings including namesRight to appeal at Divisional Court
26 Enforcement Process Contact the offenders Educate them to the enforcement provisions of the ActGive them “a reasonable chance to comply”Negotiate a satisfactory settlementLegal proceedings are utilized when there is no cooperation from the offenders and where there is compelling evidence of an offence.
27 Sources of Responsibilities Professional code of ethicsSpecific legislated dutiesContractual duties
28 PEO Code of Ethics – Bottom Line Being a professional carries certain legal and ethical responsibilities.Recognizing ethical dilemmas and determining actions to address them are important skills for professionals.Your professional colleagues can assist you to make ethically sound decisions.
29 SMP - Objectives Increase level of professional awareness & behaviour Promote better communication between students and the engineering communityStandardize the delivery of PEO’s programs and activities to studentsProvide a seamless transition from student through to licensed P.Eng.
30 SMP - BenefitsLink to the engineering community through on-line information, Engineering Dimensions Magazine (see your EngSoc office on campus), Chapter involvement & surveysQuestions about engineering answered through your web connection to PEOParticipation means that your voice is heard and you & your opinions are counted!FREE
31 Financial Credit Program (FCP) CEAB Graduate StudentsPEO will waive $ Lic. Application feeFREE EIT Membership – First YearMust apply on-line within six months of Grad.
32 Engineering Intern Training (EIT) Program Annual review of work experiencePersonal guidance related to work experienceEIT SeminarsEIT title for business cards & resumesPEO publications mailed directly to youChapter membershipOSPE membership eligibility
33 New & Developing Services Experience summary reviewsEIT introduction seminarsMentoring (through the Chapters)
34 Your Road-Map to Professionalism Student Membership Program (SMP)Engineer Internship Training Program (EIT)P.Eng. Licence
35 Advocacy Vs. Regulatory OSPEFor the benefit of the engineerAdvocacy role within government and industryMember services including salary surveys; career centrePEOTo serve and protect the publicLicence qualified individualsRegulate the practice of engineering through enforcement and discipline
36 Mobility of License in Canada Applicants licensed as Professional Engineers by another Canadian engineering assoc.For at least five years – no additional requirementsLess than five years may be required to write PPE and meet current licensing requirements
37 Mobility of License in the U.S. Each state and jurisdiction of the United States have local laws governing the practice of engineering.Generally requirements to become licensed as a P.EEducation (accredited program)FE Exam (Fundamentals of Engineering Exam)Experience (4 years)PE Exam (Principles and Practices of Engineering Exam in your chosen discipline)