Presentation on theme: " Societies response to sickness? “ The sick role” student who has a major assignment coming up for which he is not prepared. He is starting to get."— Presentation transcript:
Societies response to sickness? “ The sick role” student who has a major assignment coming up for which he is not prepared. He is starting to get a cold. He decides to postpone the assignment because of the cold. He claims the sick role to avoid responsibility but if he had been invited to a party with friends would he have been too sick? Have you ever done this?
Believe illnesses caused by germs. Medicine viewed in society as a science,doctors trained medical scientists. Some believe that illnesses are caused by both physical and mental ( emotional factors that require psychological help from trained professionals) H1N1 ( a pandemic?)
Some illnesses are specific to particular cultures and appear to be immune to Western-style treatment. Examples SUSTO ( common in latin america) People suffer from restlessness, lack of sleep, disinterest in dress, personal hygiene, and depression, along with fever, stomach problems, diarrhea, and chills. Cause of susto linked to the anxiety felt by a person unable to fulfill an expected social role. Yuppie Flu in north america ( fatigue, dizziness and muscle weakness) 20-40 working people. Can’t find a cause.
Abnormal psychology deals with behaviour that differs from what a society deems normal. Neuroses is a mild psychological disorder similar to a defense mechanism. It helps the individual escape feelings of anxiety. In order to get rid of a neurotic behaviour it is necessary to treat the patient with psychoanalysis or behaviour modification. Rarely requires hospitalization Neurotics are aware of their problem and understand it. They are always in touch with reality unlike individuals suffering from psychosis.
1) Anxiety neuroses: is an overwhelming fear that dreadful things will happen causing tremendous feelings of anxiety 2) Hysterical reaction: occurs when a subject is extremely anxious. They have physical pain and can even lose use of limbs and/or suffer from blindness. 3) phobia: is an irrational fear of certain objects or situations 4) obsession/compulsion: obsession is a persistent unwanted thought. Compulsion is the need to perform an act to relieve anxiety.
Psychoses are serious mental illnesses which may prevent the sufferer from functioning in normal society Symptoms range from personality changes and mood swings to strange emotional responses.
1) Organic psychoses: physical damage has occurred in the brain could be caused by untreated STD’s 2) Manic Depression: Extreme mood changes 3) Schizophrenia: Catatonic= may become rigid and mute may hold one position for hours without moving Paranoid= delusions that people are persecuting them, or may take on another person’s personality
4) Multiple personalities: several personalities develop due to a major trauma which caused them to protect their sanity 5) Psychopathic personality: fails to develop a conscious, feels no remorse or guilt, is antisocial and or irresponsible Treatments: psychoanalysis Chemical treatments Electro therapy