Presentation on theme: "Teaching Social Skills to Children with PDD/Autism Strategies for Teachers."— Presentation transcript:
Teaching Social Skills to Children with PDD/Autism Strategies for Teachers
Social Skills to Teach the Child with PDD/Autism Recognizing feelings of others Expressing feelings Empathy Starting conversations Continuing conversations Ending conversations Giving ideas Listening to others Encouraging others Asking questions Disagreeing in a nice way Being polite Practicing good manners Sharing games, toys etc. Negotiation Dealing with anger Resolving conflicts Peer mediation
How to Teach Social Skills to Children with PDD/Autism Peer Models Visuals Play Schemas Video Modeling Social Stories/ Scripts
Peer Models Properly trained peers can be used to effectively teach, reinforce and help to generalize social skills in children with PDD/Autism.
Characteristics of Peer Models A little older or younger than the child with autism Flexible Cooperative Good at following directions Assertive Capable of sustained attention Socially competent Interested in helping others
Helpful Skills to Teach Typical Peers Sharing / requesting shares Organizing play Offering / requesting assistance Making compliments Making overtures of affection Providing supportive comments Greeting peers Asking questions Providing physical prompts Persisting until a response is given
Play Schemas By creating imaginative scenarios with pretend play toys and simple actions and words you can create something that the child with autism can relate to, copy and, hopefully, expand upon and generalize.
Topics for Play Schemas Doll house Tea party Block building Game play Restaurant Doctors office Birthday party Trick or Treat
A Sample Play Schema Bus Driver Set up: Line up chairs one behind the other. Have a larger chair in front for the driver. Routine: Children get on the bus and find a seat. Driver talks to the passengers. Model this for the children. (i.e. Im the bus driver. Lets go for a ride. Sit down and buckle your seatbelt.) Driver drives the bus using a steering wheel. When the bus stops, everyone gets off and a new bus driver has a turn. Social goals: Turn taking Pretend play Social language
Visuals The use of visuals to support language and to teach social skills is highly recommended and extremely effective, as it draws on the childs visual and rote memory strengths.
Some Ways to Use Visuals To show the daily schedule To show changes in the schedule To differentiate between work times and play times To take turns To count down to the end of an activity To label feelings To illustrate rules To give choices
Social Stories/Scripts Social stories or scripts combine pictures and words at the childs level of understanding to teach about a social situation or concept that may be unfamiliar or stressful to the child with autism. The goal is to provide the child with information that will make the situation more predictable and tolerable.
Guidelines for Writing a Social Story Picture the goal – share relevant social information in a meaningful way. Gather information - about the child, the problem situation, what occurs and why. Tailor the text – customize the text to the learning style, needs, interests and abilities of the person with ASD. Teach with the title – this states the overall meaning of the social story and identifies the most important information in the social story.
Characteristics of a Social Story 1.Has an introduction, a body and a conclusion. 2.Answers wh questions. 3.Is written from a first person perspective as though the person with ASD is describing the event or concept. 4.Is written in positive language with the expected responses and behaviors stated. 5.Is literally accurate. 6.Uses concrete, easy to understand text enhanced by visual supports. 7.Is motivating.
A Sample Social Story When the Fire Alarm Goes Off Sometimes as I sit in class, I hear a buzzing alarm go off. The alarm may mean we are having a fire drill. A fire drill gives students a chance to practice for a real fire. Usually, there is not a real fire. My teacher waits for me to line up with my class at the door. Its important to walk quietly with my class. I will try to walk calmly outside. Its important to wait until my teacher says that we can go back inside. The fire drill is over when my teacher leads us back inside.
Video Modeling Capitalize on the student with autisms interest in visually represented materials and need for repetition by buying or creating videos that teach correct social skills and provide fun and entertaining opportunities for the child to learn.
Resources for Videos www.tdsocialskills.com – Fitting In and Having Fun. Social Skills Training Video Series.www.tdsocialskills.com www.watchmelearn.com – A New Beginning: Basic Life Skills Video Modeling, Volume 1 and Lets Play: Video Modeling for Play and Social Interaction Skills, Volume 2.www.watchmelearn.com
Some more tips…
Follow a predictable daily schedule and routine as much as possible. Consistency is key.
Teach manners. They help the child to be accepted.
Draw on your students strengths and interests. If he loves dinosaurs, let him be the class dinosaur expert.
Model appropriate social skills and language.
Make everyday events and activities learning experiences.
Teach initiation. Give the child the words he needs to engage a playmate.
Spend some time every day enjoying your time together. Show your student that being with people is fun.
Bibliography Gray, C. (2000). The New Social Story Book: Illustrated Edition. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons. Kern Loegel, L. & LaZebnik, C. (2005). Overcoming Autism. New York, NY: Penguin. Maurice, C., Greene, G. & Foxx, R. (2001. Making a Difference, Behavior Intervention for Autism. Pro-Ed. McKinnon, K. & Krempa, J. (2002). Social Skills Solutions, A Hands-on Manual for teaching social skills to children with autism. New York, NY: DRL Books, Inc. Moor, J. (2002). Playing, Laughing and Learning with Children on the Autism Spectrum: A Practical Resource of Play Ideas for Parents and Carers. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers