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Electronic Components1 Power Supply - Stage 1 n Mains voltage has to be reduced 1 - Transformation + - + - 120 V AC 30 V AC 4:1.

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Presentation on theme: "Electronic Components1 Power Supply - Stage 1 n Mains voltage has to be reduced 1 - Transformation + - + - 120 V AC 30 V AC 4:1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Electronic Components1 Power Supply - Stage 1 n Mains voltage has to be reduced 1 - Transformation V AC 30 V AC 4:1

2 Electronic Components2 Power Supply - Stage 2 n Alternating voltage has to be converted to DC 2 - Rectification Half wave rectification Load 30 V AC 9.6 V DC

3 Electronic Components3 Power Supply - Stage 2 n Alternating voltage has to be converted to DC 2 - Rectification Half wave rectification Load -9.6 V DC 30 V AC

4 Electronic Components4 Power Supply - Stage 2 n Alternating voltage has to be converted to DC 2 - Rectification Full wave rectification RLRL 30 V AC 19.1 V DC

5 Electronic Components5 Power Supply - Stage 3 n Fluctuating voltage has to be smoothed 3 - Filtered RLRL R L = 5.1 k  C = 33  F V out = 40V DC with 1V ripple

6 Electronic Components6 Power Supply - Stage 3 (Filtering) RLRL RSRS When first turned on capacitor acts as a short. The surge current can damage diodes. This can be reduced by adding a surge resistor.

7 Electronic Components7 Power Supply - Stage 3 (Filtering) RLRL A more effective (although more costly) way is to use an inductor to oppose the changes in current. The capacitors in the LC  filter oppose changes in voltage.

8 Electronic Components8 Power Supply - Stage 4 n Voltage has to be smoothed further 4 - Regulation Zener diode gives constant base voltage. Thus base current is constant and so will be the collector and emitter currents. RLRL

9 Electronic Components9 Graymark 808 Power Supply n Power supply was built from a kit. n Has two V and one 5V n Also has three protoboards n Ideal for doing analogue and digital lab projects

10 Electronic Components10 Graymark Power Supply n Bottom plate shows transformer and circuit board Circuit Board Bottom plate Transformer

11 Electronic Components11 Graymark Power Supply n Circuit board Rectifier diodes IC regulator Filter capacitor


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