Presentation on theme: "Introduction Unit 1: Safety Unit 2: Introduction to Engines Unit 3: Experiencing Small Engines Modularly Unit 4: Introduction to Alternative Energy Unit."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction Unit 1: Safety Unit 2: Introduction to Engines Unit 3: Experiencing Small Engines Modularly Unit 4: Introduction to Alternative Energy Unit 5: Experiencing Alternative Energy Modularly
The Portfolio There is no text book for this course. You will need a 2” binder to keep all of the handouts, assignments and course work. The portfolio will be collected periodically and evaluated as a part of your overall grade.
Power and Energy 3201 Unit 1 Safety
Every year more than 700 Canadians die in workplace accidents. Canada has twice as many workplace accidents as the UK, which has twice our population.
There are about 1 million 'mishaps' every year – half of them result in time lost from work
Treatment of occupational injuries costs about $1.2 billion /year Work related injuries cost the economy about $10 billion / year Research shows that most workplace accidents are predictable and preventable.
In 2001 in Canada: 18,505 workers between years of age lost time from work 57 workers between years of age died 44,394 workers between years of age lost time from work
Video: Young and new workers (5:41) Handout: Young and new Workers video sheet Video: Lost Youth
Safety must be a part of the shop culture. Everyone working in or visiting a shop environment has a responsibility to be constantly on guard, to identify actual and potential hazards, and to use personal protective equipment in the shop. Handout: Personal Conduct Sheet
Personal Rules of Conduct Wear all safety equipment No baggy clothing Proper footwear Use push-sticks Don’t remove safely guards No horseplay Keep work area clean No eating Extension cords stored neatly Tie back long hair Pay attention to work and surroundings Look out for your partner
Personal Rules of Conduct Read all safety warnings Follow all safety warnings Use appropriate materials and appropriate tools Keep tools in good shape Use good lighting Unplug tools when not in use Work in well ventilated areas Have a first aid kit and know how to address injuries Be aware of your personal condition Wear visible clothing Follow instructions
Activity: Safety Poster Design a poster for one of the safety rules discussed. -Do a rough draft first -Final draft should be on 11x17 paper -Colour
General Shop Rules Keep all hand tools clean and in good working condition. Report any defective tools, machines or other equipment to the instructor. Handout: Shop Safety Worksheet
General Shop Rules Always use a tool for the purpose it is intended. Report all accidents. Be neat and orderly.
Personal Safety Rules Wear appropriate clothing for the job.
Personal Safety Rules Practical jokes and fooling around is not permitted in the shop at anytime. Be certain to wash-up after you are finished.
Handling Gasoline Handout: Handling Gasoline worksheet Gasoline contains many toxic chemicals that can be absorbed through the skin. Avoid breathing gasoline fumes.
Handling Gasoline Never use gasoline as a cleaning solvent. Vaporous gasoline is extremely flammable.
Gasoline spills must be cleaned up immediately and disposed of in proper containers. Handling Gasoline
Draining Gas Tank Gasoline must be stored in proper containers. Once the gas can is emptied, run hot steaming water in the can to remove vapors.
Quiz Quiz #1 Slides 1-22 Topics: -Young Workers Video -Personal Rules of Conduct -Shop Safety -Handling gasoline Just for Fun
Handout: Fire Safety Worksheet
Video: How Fires Extinguishers Work
Handout: Fire Extinguisher classification
Video: How Fires Extinguishers Work (2:55) Video: Fire Extinguisher – Fire safety Handout: Fire Extinguisher – Fire Safety Worksheet
Definition handout: Job Hazard Analysis A hazard is anything (including work practices or procedures) that has the potential to harm the health or safety of a person. Hazards can arise from: –the workplace environment –the use of plant and substances –poor work design or practices –Inappropriate management systems and practices –Human behaviour
Job Hazard Analysis A job hazard analysis is an exercise in detective work. Your goal is to discover the following: –What can go wrong? –What are the consequences? –How could it arise? –What are other contributing factors? –How likely is it that the hazard will occur?
Common Hazards in the Workplace StressorHazard Type ChemicalCorrosiveFire Explosion Toxic ElectricalShockShort CircuitFire-Static MechanicalMoving Parts FailureNoise Pressure ErgonomicStrainHuman ErrorFatigue
Common Hazards in the Workplace StressorHazard Type Hazard Type RadiationIonizingNon Ionizing ContactStruck ByStruck Against Caught In EnvironmentTemp.VisibilityWeather Misc.SlipsTripsFalls
Hazard Controls The are three methods to control Hazards. These should be done in the following order. 1. Engineering controls. 2. Administrative controls. 3. Personal protective equipment.
Engineering Controls Engineering controls include the following: –Substitution of equipment to decrease hazard –Isolation of the hazard with interlocks, machine guards, blast shields, etc –Removal the hazard such as with local and exhaust ventilation.
Administrative Controls Administrative controls include the following: –Written procedures, work permits, and safe work practices; –Exposure time limitations –Alarms, signs, and warnings –Buddy system; and training
PPE Personal Protective Equipment is acceptable as a control method in the following circumstances: –When engineering controls are not feasible –While engineering controls are being developed; –When safe work practices do not provide sufficient additional protection; and