2 What is Backward Design A 3 stage instructional design that begins with the end in mind – what will the students be able to do by the end of the lesson/unit/term/semester/yearOnce outcomes are identified teachers work backwards to develop lessons and materials that are needed to meet the outcomes
3 Traditional Instruction Design AssessmentActivitiesContent Topic
4 Backward Design Start with learning goals/outcomes Build in assessment Plan activities/lessons
5 Plan lessons and activities Backward Design ModelPlan lessons and activitiesBuild in AssessmentStart with outcomes
6 Three Stages of Backward Design Identify desired outcomesDetermine acceptable evidencePlan learning experiences and instruction(Cooper, 2010)
7 Stage 1 Identify Desired Outcomes What do I want the students to know and be able to perform as a result of this lesson or unit?What is the big idea or ideas of this lesson or unit?
8 Stage 2 Determine Acceptable Evidence How will I know if students have achieved desired results?What kind of formative and summative assessment do I build into the activity?
9 Stage 3 Plan Learning Experiences and Instruction Map out the instructional sequence that will prepare students for assessmentsInclude in the sequence in-class lessons and activities, out of class experiences, assessment for learning (formative) that build up to final assessment (summative)
10 “Where” ApproachW – students know where they are going, why they are heading there, what they know, where they might go wrong in the process, what is required of them.H - hooking the students on the topicE – students explore and experience ideas (outcomes) and are equipped with the necessary understanding to master the outcome(s)R – students have time to rehearse, revise and refine their skillsE- student evaluation
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