–Other Forms of Departmentation Geographic Departmentation Customer Departmentation Hybrid Departmentation
COORDINATION BETWEEN DEPARTMENTS DIFFERENTIATION – Differences in goals, time spans and interpersonal styles between departments INTEGRATION – The process of attaining coordination across differentiated departments. –PAPER WORK – Memos –MEETINGS –LIAISON ROLE – A person is assigned to help achieve coordination between his or her department and another department. –TASK FORCES AND TEAMS – Groups set up to solve coordination problems across several departments. –INTEGRATORS – Organizational members permanently assigned to facilitate coordination between departments.
Structural Characteristics of Organizations –Specialization –Standardization –Formalization –Centralization –Span of control –Hierarchy –Complexity
MECHANISTIC VERSUS ORGANIC STRUCTURES ORGANIZATIONA L CHARACTERISTIC S MECHANISTICORGANIC Span of control WideNarrow Number of levels of authority (hierarchy) ManyFew Degree of centralization CentralizedDecentralized Formalization HighLow Standardization HighLow Specialization NarrowWide
NETWORK ORGANIZATION Liaisons between specialist organizations that rely strongly on market mechanisms for coordination. Emphasis is on who can do what most effectively and economically.
THE MODULAR ORGANIZATION An organization that performs a few core functions and outsources non-core activities to specialists and suppliers. It is like a hub that is surrounded by networks of suppliers that can be added or removed as needed. It maintains complete strategic control.
THE IMPACT OF SIZE ON AN ORGANIZATION Complexity Increases a. HorizontalIncreased Need b. Verticalfor Coordination c. Geographicand Control As SizeCentralization IncreasesDecreasesProvision of Coordination Formalizationand Control Increases