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The Geology & Geological History of Vancouver Island Steven Earle.

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Presentation on theme: "The Geology & Geological History of Vancouver Island Steven Earle."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Geology & Geological History of Vancouver Island Steven Earle

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5 Myra Falls Mine Devonian (Sicker Group) Rocks Dyke in pillow basalt Chert overlain by Cretaceous conglomerate

6 Metamorphic and igneous rocks of Wrangellia in Victoria

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8 Karmutsen Formation (Triassic) sea-floor pillowed basalt Quatsino Formation limestone (with a mafic dyke).

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11 Jurassic aged Island Intrusion granite with a quartz-feldspar vein

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13 Wrangellia was accreted onto N.A. around 100 m.y. ago N.A.

14 Nanaimo Group (65-85 m.y.)

15 In total the Nanaimo Group is roughly 5000 m thick. The oldest rocks may be as old as 92 m.y. but most basal units, such as the Malaspina Cut, are no more than 86 m.y. The youngest rocks are probably more than 65 m.y. old, but could be younger.

16 Sub-marine fan deposition for most of the Nanaimo Group, but not the lower part.

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18 Nanaimo Group (Cretaceous) Sandstone, mudstone, comglomerate

19 The City of Nanaimo exists because of coal mining, which took place from around 1850 to It could be argued that this is also why British Columbia is part of Canada. The only coal mining at present is from the Quinsam mine (below) near to Campbell River.

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21 Leech River Complex (Pacific Rim Terrane) Phyllite at Niagara Falls and at the Chinese Cemetery in Victoria

22 Crescent Terrane Tertiary, Metchosin Igneous Complex, Sea-floor pillowed basalt

23 Continued compression of western North America Up-thrusting of Nanaimo Group Rocks onto Vancouver Island

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25 Cross-section from the edge of the North American plate at the subduction front, across Vancouver Island to the Strait of Georgia


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