2Level III – Football Canada Officials Certification Program (FCOCP) PurposeTo improve the understanding of Umpire positionsTo introduce the concept of 5 Official crewTo prepare officials for assignment as Referee in minor and High School LeaguesTo prepare Officials for assignments to the Referee and Back Umpire positionsTo prepare officials for assignment to sideline positions in a 5 official system.To improve rule knowledge and understanding of game administration proceduresEncourage further participation and progress in the FCOCP
3Certification Requirements Participation at all clinic sessionsMinimum of 80% on Level III ExamPass practical evaluation of at the Referee, Umpire or Sideline positions PASSING MARK 80 %
5Meeting the Coaches General Duties The Referee and Umpire will meet with the coaches 30 minutes prior to the start of the game.Meet with each coach for the same amount of time.Generally meet with visiting coach first.
7Meeting the CoachesThe Referee- - Introduce yourself and the Umpire - Allow the Umpire to request the coach sign the coach’s certification formA-Ask the coach to identify captains, punter, kicker and holder and any other players the officials should know about( eg. 3rd down centre )A-Ask if there are any concerns or special plays the officials should be aware of.-Advise the coach of any special pre game happening, field conditions etc.
8Meeting the Coaches The Umpire - Serve as the “eyes” and “ears” of the Referee after being introduced.- Request that the coach’s certification be signed.- Record the numbers of the captains, punter , kicker holder and anyother player officials should know about- Listen to the coach’s concerns/plays and be able to relay thisinformation to the rest of the officials.- Accompany the referee back to the timer’s bench to meet with the rest ofthe crew.
9Game Card and Coaches Declaration Umpirerecords captains place kicker holder and punter given by the coachUmpiregets the coach to sign the Coaches DeclarationDDIf the team with the choice at the start of the game chooses to defer mark a D by first halfThe Umpire and All members of the crew should record time outs
10MEETING THE CAPTAINS INTRODUCTION FIRST CHOICE Mechanics for Deferring HEAD LINESMANUMPIREBACK JUDGEFIELD JUDGESIDE JUDGELINE JUDGEINTRODUCTIONCAPTAINSOFFICIALSFIRST CHOICEWILL THE TEAM WITH FIRST CHOICE TAKE IT NOW OR DEFER TO THE SECOND HALFMechanics for DeferringStand beside the deferring Team2) signal –incomplete passREFEREESTANDS WITH BACK TO PRESS BOX SO WHEN HE TURNS THE ANNOUNCER CAN SEE HIS SIGNALS
11MEETING THE CAPTAINS OPTIONS TO THE TEAM MAKING THE CHOICE Kick or ReceiveChoice of EndMechanics for Identifying and Recording ChoicesReferee – Signal choice of the Team making the FIRST choiceUmpire - record choices –deferred or not- selections madeReferee comments to CaptainsPrior to choices- any questions/concerns- field conditions or information teams should knowAfter choices - have a good game- get Teams out for the Kickoff start in _ minutes
12Choice at the Start of the Game How high did he flip it?Referee will allow the visiting team first choice at start of the gameTo make choice in first half or defer their choice to the second halfCan be decided by a coin toss.How else can the choice be decided?
13Meeting the Captains Start of the Game Waiting for captainsIntroducing the crew and making the choicesCaptains greeting each otherSwitching sides after choiceUmpire recording choices
14MEETING THE CAPTAINS TO START SECOND HALF Umpire - Advise referee whose choice it isReferee - Ask the captain of the team who has achoice-Ask the other team for their choice.-Signal choice of the team that had the first selection
15Pre Game Meeting with Officials After the Meeting with the Coaches-Go over numbers captains punter, kicker ,holder-Review any special plays that the coaches have stated-Review any problems with numbering of players-Review how you will interact with other officialsDone before Meetings with the Coaches-4man crew- review when you will give Free and Held signal and the response required.-Review how kicks from scrimmage will be covered-Review coverage when ball goes out of bounds-review the relay of the ball after it becomes dead
16Umpire – Special Communication Factors Reviewing the Umpire PositionLESSON 2Umpire – Special Communication Factors
17Communication with the Referee During Penalty OptionsClock Stopped?Get a BallDirect Captains to RefereeKnow circumstances of play and foulStay by RefereeRemind Referee to give pre-signalKnow options’ assist Referee if he/she needs helpMark off yardage and place ballConfirm penalty application with Head LinesmanRemind Referee when time will start
18Communication with the Referee Time OutsMake sure the clock is stopped.Time the time out on your watch.See that the time out is charged against the proper team and recordedon the game card.Stand together with the crew.Notify the Referee when 50 seconds has elapsed.Remind Referee that time starts on the snap of the ball.The head coach or designated coach may call a time out from the sidelinePlayers on the field may call time outsTIME OUTNOTIME OUT
19Communication with the Referee (4) Half TimeTiming of Half Time responsibilityGet game ballProceed to dressing roomDiscuss problemsNote Team choice for second halfProceed to field with 5 minutes left
20Communication with Sideline Officials Indicate responsibility for deep/short pass coverageTake position when Players huddleDetermine who is “HELD”? Who is “FREE”?Usually “HELD” Official is on wide side of fieldYou may wish to hold short side Official on the LS because of formation that offence takes.When Referee blows ball ready, indicate who will be “HELD” by extending arm and pointing with open handCheck for his/her response signal (pointing to ground) and responses signal of other Official (salute)As offence breaks huddle, count defensive team and check for legality of offensive formationPrepare for next play
21Developing Positive Player Relationships Will reduce disputesEnhance respect for OfficialsShow that you careFacilitate administration of gameUse comments like“let him/her up easily”“watch your hands”“keep your hand in”“Blue, you’ve got two Players coming in”“ball, please”, followed by “thank you”
23Communicating with the Referee During Penalty options -Be sure that the clock is stopped-Obtain a ball from the Head Linesman/Line Judge /ball boy-Direct the captains to the Referee-Know as much as possible about the circumstances of the play and foul as you can( g. where was the exact PLS on left or right hash or centre of field-Stay by the Referee-Remind the Referee to give a pre signal-Know what the options should be, to assist the referee IF he needs help-Once an option has been chosen, mark off the distance and put the ball down-Confirm with the Head Linesman that the correct distance penalty has been assessedRemind the Referee when time will start on the next play
24Developing Player Relationships Create a positive relationship with playersWill reduce disputesEnhance respect for officialsMake players aware that you careFacilitate administration of the gameUse comments like:* “ Let him up easily” * “ Good work”* “ Watch your hands” * “ Blue, you’ve got two players coming in”* “ Keep your hands in” * “ Hard running”* “ Ball, please, followed by “thank you”
25Half time COMMUNICATION WITH THE REFEREE - Note when the second quarter ended and the third quarter should start.- Get the game ball- Proceed to the dressing room.- Discuss problems- Check game card to see who has choice to start to start the second half.
26Hurry Up Offense WITH BALL UNTIL REFEREE IS READY BALL AWARNESS CONTINUE NORMAL RESPONSIBILITIESBEFORE PLAYDURING PLAYBETWEEN PLAYSPLAYER MANAGEMENT AFTER PLAY
27TIMING AND CLOCK AWARNESS KICKOFF-SIGNAL-TIME IN-TIME OUTDURING THE GAME-STOP CLOCK WHEN NESCESSARY-ASSIST REFEREE IN CONTROLLOING THE CLOCK-KEEP THE REFEREE INFORMEDBE AWARE OF TIMING AND CLOCK CONTROL
28COUNTING PLAYERS COUNT PLAYERS IN GROUPS 5 OFFICIAL CREW -COUNT OFFENSE, NOTE 5 INELIGIBLE LINEMEN IN ACONTINUOUS ROW AND AN ELIGIBLE NUMBER AT BOTHENDS OF THE LINE4 OFFICIAL CREW-COUNT THE DEFENCEWARNING RE: SUBSTITUTIONS“TOO MANY MEN”-SECOND COUNTKICKOFF –COUNT DEFENCEPUNTS- CHECK TEAM ALIGNMENT- 10 –12 YARDS BACK , TURN AS PLAYERS PASS YOU- 4 MAN CREW FAVOUR SHORT SIDE (COVER THAT SIDE)HURRY UP OFFENCE- COUNT WHILE GETTING READY
29COMMUNICATION WITH SIDELINE OFFICIALS TAKE POSITION WHEN PLAYERS HUDDLE4 MAN CREWDETERMINE FREE AND HELD- FREE OFFICIAL IS ON THE SHORT SIDE OF FIELD- MAY WANT TO HOLD FREE OFFICIAL ON LS BECAUSE OF FROMATION THAT THE OFFENCE TAKES- WHEN REFEREE BLOWS BALL READY, INDICATE WHO WILL ISFREE AND HELD BY EXTENDING ARM AND POINTING TO HELDOFFICIAL- CHECK FOR RESPONSE SIGNAL (HELD –POINTING TO GROUND; FREE OFFICIAL POINTING DOWN FIELDFIVE MAN CREW-SIGNAL DOWNS TO SIDELINE OFFICIALS-WORK WITH REFEREE CONTROLLING PUTTING BALL INTO PLAY
31Initial Positioning of the Umpire Umpire set up 5 to 8 yards behind L of SGenerally behind the Linebackers
32READING KEYS UTILIZE PRE GAME INFORMATION PRIOR TO PLAY -KEY PLAY FACTORS-SPECIAL FORMATIONS-SPECIAL SUBSTITUTIONSDURING THE PLAYNOTE PLAYER ACTION-GO WITH THE FLOW-WATCH PLAYER PATTERNS-LOOK THROUGH THE PLAY-NOTE DEFENSIVE FORMATIONSSHORT YARDAGE PLAYS-KICK OFFS-PUNTS-CONVERTS
33UMPIRE SURVIVAL TACTICS AND MOVEMENTS AGGRESSIVE FORWARD MOTIONSTEP INTO POCKET OF PASS PLAYSTEP FORWARD ON PUNTSPLAY AWARNESS“SIDE – STEP AND TURN TACTICS”REACT TO INSTINCTSDON’T PILE ONCOMMUNICATION WITH PLAYERSVARY INITIAL POSITIONINGUTILIZE PRE –GAME INFO“LOW PROFILE” ON PASS PLAYSLATERAL MOBILITYHow could have the Umpire avoided this?
34Umpire-Scrimmage Running Plays Watch Linemen for illegal procedure and 1 full second pauseSplit the line with the RefereeWatch defensive line charge: holding, illegal use of hands, butt tactics etc.Then watch the game behind the L of S as defense penetrates, to cover behind the Referee .Look through the action to cover behind the Referee.Pick up ball carrier on short plays through the lineWhen a man is coming at you step aside and forward and let the play pass you.Do not back up you may get caught between a ball carrier and a tackler.When a play has passed you ,or gone around the end, drift with the play, continuing to watch the line play and the linemen as they proceed downfield watching for late block, roughness, etc. after the whistle.Do not be too anxious to spot the ball( you have two side men to help with that).Move to hash mark, or to point when a ball is dead to spot for the next playTake a position for next play-assist Referee re :timing if necessary
35Pass Plays The umpire will: Watch the 5 interior linemen for illegal use of hands andfor being down field illegally.As the pass defenders back up , MOVE FORWARD, to stay close to the play.DO NOT CROSS THE LINE OF SCRIMMAGETURN on ALL passes to ASSIST coverageConcede the call to the Official who has the view facing the ball (eyecontact)Look through to the other Officials to make sure they have seen the play-they may have seen something you didn’t (i.e. a trapped ball).Watch for ineligible Receivers attempting to catch the ballAfter a pass is complete or incomplete, keep Players under observation-box the play in.Spot the ball for the next down if no measurement is required.Do not be over anxious to signal an incomplete pass. Hold the signal untilassured the ball has touched the ground
36PASSING PLAY UMPIRE MOVEMENT Umpire first step (s) is forward toward L Of SDon’t cross the L of SMove with the LineFollowing the pass turn and provide support for catch or notUcQBClick for motion
37Pass Plays Umpire turns on pass plays Provide support to back officials .Watch if the ball skips or is dropped. Do not worry about Pass Interference –must see the whole playNote stays near the hash to insure the boxing in of the play
38Short Yardage Positioning Five Official CrewWhen it is third down and less than two yards and Team A is going for the first down:The Umpire shall position himself outside the tackle on the wide side , and step up into the neutral zone as the ball is snapped.- The Umpire’s duty is to help the side line officials get the primary spot by boxing in the play and having a good side view of theforward progress
39Short Yardage The first step should be forward The Umpire will position himself behind the tackle on the wide side to keep the ball carrier between the Umpire and the side line officialThe first step should be forwardpSide line officialClick for motion
40COVERAGE ON KICKOFFS BU What is the U ‘s duty? U What signal should the BU give the U?Watch BU and U(R , HL, and LJ also move)Click (or press n) to start (to see again touch p and then click or touch n)Answer the two questionsHLLJR
41COVERAGE ON PUNTS 5 official crew BU What does the Back Umpire pointing at HL (arrow) mean?What duties do the officials assumeHLBUHLULJRClick (or press n) to start motionWatch the officials and answer the questions
42COVERAGE ON PUNTS 4 official crew Read and answer questions. Click or press n to see movementsHL1.a) The HL is the free or held official?b) Where does HL position prior to punt?c) What does the HL watch for when the receiver gets the ball?3.a)The LJ is the free or held official?b) When does the LJ leave the LS?c) What does the LJ watch for?ULJR2.a)What side does the Umpire favor?b) When and where does the U move?
43MEASUREMENTSLESSON 5Umpire holds the front picket
44Measurements Measurements ENSURE THE BALL IS NOT MOVED CONTROL FORWARD STICKCHECK CHAINS AND DOWNS BOXUmpire will get forward picketBack official holds back picket
45Change at the End of a Quarter WHERE, WHAT, WHOREADY TO CHANGE ENDSCHECK FOR CORRECT BALL PLACEMENT- POSITION- DOWN- DISTANCEON BALL UNTILL REFEREE SIGNAL
47PENALTY APPLICATION OBTAIN BALL JOIN THE REFEREE INFO TO THE REFEREE BE PREPARED TO ASSIST REFEREE
48Umpire indicating penalty application ENSURE PROPER PENALTYAPPLICATIONCARRY THE BALL – DISTANCEGIVEN BYREFEREEAVOID PACING OFF DISTANCE–IFLINES ARE AVAILABLEPROCEED TO POINT OF APPLICATIONAPPLY PENALTY YARDAGECHECK DISTANCE WITH THE REFEREE AND HEAD LINESMAN
49Administration of Penalties OBSERVE REFEREE’S SIGNALSBALL READY FOR PLAYASSIST THE REFEREE WITH TIME(Hold/Go)
50Points of Application of Penalties Point of Last Scrimmage (PLS)Point Ball Held (PBH)Point of Foul (PF)Point of Possession (PP)Point Ball Dead (PBD)Point of Pass (POP)Point of Kick Off (PKO)
51APPLICATION OF PENALTIES POINT OF PLACEMENT3015 YARD PENALYPOINT OF PLACEMENT25CROSS THREE LINES10 YARD PENALTYCROSS TWO LINES20PONT OF APPLICATION15Note distance to the next field linePOINT OF APPLICATIONPOINT OF PLACEMENTFIVE YARD PENALTYCROSS ONE LINE10POINT OF APPLICATIONNote distance to the next field line
52Classifying Fouls 5 Yards – Procedural Fouls (See SUPPORT MATERIAL – Summary of Penalties or RULE BOOK)5 Yards – Procedural Fouls10 Yards – Unfair Advantage Fouls15 Yards – Major Fouls25 Yards + Disqualification – R.P.Loss of DownSpecial CircumstancesIllegal interference on loose ballUnauthorized participation
53BALL CONTROL COORDINATE WITH REFEREE WET DAY PROCEDURES TOWEL FOR WET DAYS
54Ball Retrieval PROPER POSITIONING KNOWLEDGE - PLAY ORIGIN - PLAY COMPLETION- POINT OF NEXT DOWNUSE OF “SHOVEL PASS”
56Referee – Responsibilities Leadership - BY EXAMPLE-TEAMWORK-BUILD THE CREWCONSISTENCY-POSITIVE ATTITUDE TO:- PLAYERS- CAPTAINS- COACHES- MINOR OFFICIALS- GAME OFFICIAL
57Pre Game Meeting with Captains 1. Introduction of crew2. Special conditions, ground rules3. Coin toss or choice
58Pre Game Meeting with Coaches 1. Introduction of Referee and Umpire2. Problems, special plays3.Numbering correct4. Ground rules5. Positioning after score6. Obtain captains' numbers7.Obtain numbers of kicker, holder,punter and other number as necessary
59Pre Game Meeting with Timekeeper 1. Clock start and stop.2. Correction of errorConcentrate on timing only (if scorer as well do recordingwhen play not on)
60Pre Game Meeting with Officials 1. Coin toss/choice.2. Positioning and responsibilities (encourage eachofficial to explain ) -don't tell them.3. Major rule infractions4. Game equipmenta) ensure each official has carried outhis duty.-game balls and tee-distance chains and downs box-checked for illegal equipment-inadequate playing equipment-special protective equipment such acasts , taping etc.-tinted visors( permission forms)
61Referee - Responsibilities Development of Rapport Relationship with Captains - Courteous- Brief- Correct rulings- Clear options and explanations- Address as “Captain _____________”-Treat them as you would like to be treated
62Referee – Responsibilities Relationship with Coaches - Courteous- Address as “ Coach _________”- Pre game opportunity- None during game (unless absolutely necessary)
63Referee – Responsibilities Relationship with Players -Understanding-Calm- Inform captain of potential problems-let captain take opportunity to controlhis team-DO NOT TOLERATE ABUSE FROM PLAYERS,CAPTAINS OR COCHES BUT AVOID “RABBIT EARS”
64Referee – Responsibilities Development of rapport - INTELELGENT RULE INFORCEMENT- DEFINITION OF A FOUL- ABSOLUTE INTEGRITY- SOUND HUMAN RELATIONSIP- WITH OFFICIALS- WITH PLAYERS- WITH COACHES- WITH FANSComment boxes labeled RH#
65Referee – Responsibilities Concern for the Athlete - PLAYER SAFETY- SPORTMANSHIP- CORRECT RULINGS AND PLAYER MOTIVATION- ANSWER RULES QUESTIONS- PREVENT NEED FOR DISQUALIFICATION- DISQUALIFY WHEN NECESSARY- PROTECT THE PLAYERS
66Referee – Responsibilities Attitudes and Mannerisms PRE GAMEBE POSITIVE TOWARD GAMEKNOW TEAMS, COACHES, MANNERISMBE RESTED AND SHARPGAMEDO NOT TRY TO ‘OVERSELL YOURSELF’AVOID MISTAKES SUCH AS :- OVER ANTICIPATION- RUSHED SIGNALS- LAXITY IN RULE ENFORCEMENT- BEING OUT OF POSITION- OVER REACTION TO COMPLAINTS- SHOWING NERVOUSNESS
67Referee – Responsibilities POST GAME REVIEW THE GAME WITH OTHER OFFICIALSREVIEW OWN PERFORMANCESET HIGH OBJECTIVESTRY TO END ON A POSITIVE NOTE
68Referee – Responsibilities CODE OF ETHICS RULES’ STUDY AND KNOWLEDGEASSIGNMENTS BY COMPETENCYHONOUR COMMITMENTSDRESS AND APPEARANCECONDUCT AND CHARACTER EXAMPLEPLAYERS ARE MOST IMPORTANTBUSINESSLIKERESPONSIBILITY OF TEAM WORKIMPORTANCE OF GAMESAFETY AND WELFARE OF PLAYERSFAIR AND UNBIASED DESCISIONBE FIRM,COURTEOUS,POSITIVE,DEIGNIFIED,FRIENDLY,CALMNO DRINKING PRIOR TO THE GAMENOPRIVILEDGED INFORMATION TRANSMITTED TO OPPONENTS
69Referee - Responsibilities GAME MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL ESTABLISH INFLUENCE- THE POTENTIAL OF PRESENCE –BE IN POSITION- REACT IMMEDIATELY TO FOULS-EARLY IN GAME-THROUGHOUT THE GAMEPREVENTATIVE OFFICIATING-HELP PLAYERS TO AVOID FOULS-AVOIDS POTENTIAL PROBLEMS:-TALK PLAYERS OUT OF IT-USE CAPTAINS-CONTROL PLAYER REMARKS TO OPPONENTS-AWARNESS OF UNSUSAL PLAYS-CLEAR ,SHARP WHISTLEIMPARTIALLITYCOOPERATIVE WITH COACHESPROTECTION OF PLAYERCOUTESY AND RESPECT- 2 WAYS-COACHES ,PLAYERSHow would the Referee talk and act with the player
70Referee - Responsibilities UTILIZING CAPTAINS - COMMUNICATIOR WITH OFFICIALS,THROUGH REFEREE- EXPLANATION- CHOICE OF OPTION- REQUEST FOR MEASURE- THE CAPTAIN AFFECTED BY DECISION OF THE REFERE-REFUSAL WHEN OBVIOUS-PREVENTIVE OFFICIATING- ENLIST AID OF CAPTAIN- PREVENT POTENTIAL-BUILD STATUS OF CAPTAIN
71Referee - Responsibilities COMPOSURE UNDER STRESS CONTEST BECOMES EMOTIONALMAY GET OUT OF CONTROL WHEN EMOTIONS HIGHCONTROL OWN EMOTIONS, SHOW POISECONFIDENCE AND CALMNESSDO NOT TRANSMIT TENSIONSLOW, DELIBERATE ACTIONDECISIVE ACTION, SURENESSFIRM DECISIONS-NOT BELLIGERENTSTRONG VOICE AND SHARP WHISTLEDO’S AND DON’TS
72Referee – Responsibilities SITUATION AWARNESS AWARE OF:- WEATHER, FIELD CONDITIONS- GAME SITUATIONS-ONE SIDED SCORES, PERSONAL PLAYER CONFICTS- ABUSE OF RULES-SPIRIT AND INTENT, FAKE INJURY- PLAY SITUATIONS- TIME ,DOWN, YARDAGE-TEAM TENDENCY- RUN ,PASS-QUICK REACTION –BASED ON AWARNESS, ANTICIPATIONEXPERIENCE:-DEVELOPS THE FUNDAMENTAL SKILLS ABOVE
73Referee – Responsibilities UTILIZING OTHER OFFICIALS TEAM WORKCOOPERATION- FAITH IN EACH OTHER- SENSITIVITY AND SUPPORT- COVER FOR EACH OTHERCONDITION AND APPEARANCE-TOP PHYSICAL SHAPE-TOP APPEARANCE-BE SHARP,FEEL SHARP,LOOK SHARPINTEGRITY- HONEST AND BUSINESSLIKE RELATIONSHIPSRELIABILITY – ALWAYS HONOUR ASSIGNMENTSUNIFORMITY – CONSISTENCY BY- ATTENDENCE AT CLINICS-PRE-GAME MEETING, AGREEMENT-NO SECOND GUSESSING OTHER’S CALLS
74Referee MECHANICS AND POSITIONING - BE AT THE RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME- COVER OTHER OFFICIALS AS REQUIRED,BEHIND PLAY-CHECK ANY ERRORS QUIETLY AND PRIVATELY-KNOW DOWN AND YARDAGE-HUSTLE
76Kickoff Positioning After counting the Kicking Team Check if the other Official are ready.Each official will raises his arm vertically in the air and holds it up until acknowledged by the RefereeThe kick off should not take place until both teams have twelve players on the fieldOnce the Referee signals time in what does he watch for?7676
77KICK OUT OF BOUNDS1. Where should the Referee position himself when it appears the punt will go out of bounds2. What signals will the down field official give the Referee?3. If the ball goes Out of Bounds (OB), in the air, how does the Referee use the side official to locate the point where the ball went OB?
78REFEREE GENERAL SEQUENCE OF COVERAGE TimingNumbering of LinemenProcedure (split line with the Umpire). Take the right side.4. Watch for the snapWatch movement of Q.B. (Drawing opponent offside)Protect Q.B. (late hit)7. Determine if Q.B. is contained8. Watch for deliberate grounding
79REFEREE GENERAL SEQUENCE OF COVERAGE continued Watch for deliberate throwing the ball out of boundsDetermine if Q.B. throws a lateral or forward pass11. Contacting the kicker (has the ball been touched)Follow Q.B. out of bounds (stay with the Q.B.)NOTE MOST DEMANDING POSITION ON THE FIELDMUST BE MENTALLY ALERT !!!!!!!!!!!
80Referee Covering Quarterback Referee will take his staring position on the throwing arm of the quarter back in order to see the quarter back’s throwing armRoll out with quarter back in order to provide protection but also to see the release of ball on an attempted pass.Rule on pass/or fumble when quarter back contacted by an opponent and the ball is released
81Referee Contacting the Passer Should a defensive player have initiated his attempt to block a pass while the ball is still in possession of the Passer, he shall not be penalized for such contact unless, in the opinion of the Referee, it constituted Unnecessary Roughness or Rough Play.
82Referee Positioning Punt POSITION AT START –PARALLEL WITH PUNTERSTEP UP WITH PUNTER SO YOU CAN SEE CONTACT WITH KICKING FOOTBALL KICKED IN AIR TOWARDS OUT OF BOUNDS , MOVE BEHIND KICKER SO YOU CAN FOLLOW FLIGHT PATH OUT OF BOUNDSPOINT TO OFFICIAL LOOKING TO MARK O.B. SPOT AND DIRECT .RAISE ARM WHEN THE OFFICIAL IS AT THE SPOT
83Contacting the KickerContacting the Kicker while he is in the act of kicking from scrimmage is illegal, unless the contact is slight and incidental.Penalty -loss 10 yds P.L.S. (7-1)-if contact is Unnecessary Roughness, 1D and 15 yds (7-3)
84Blocked Kick Team B breaking through and the kick is gone 1. What should the referee do?2.What type of call could be made here?3.When would there be no call?
85Field GoalWhere should the Referee position himself for a field goal:Inside the ten yard lineOutside the ten yard lineWhat are the duties of the referee in (a) and (b)Whose duty is it to support the Referee ?What does this support official watch for?
86Referee – Responsibilities RULES - KNOW RULES THOROUHGLY- KNOW RULE INTENT- RULES INTELLIGENTLY ENFORCE- FOUL DEFINITION- JUDGEMENT- PHILOSPHY-KNOW CORRECT APPLICATION- OPTIONS- POINT OF APPLICATION- DISTANCE TO APPLY- DOWN-CONSISTENCY- IN CALLING FOULS- THROUGHOUT THE GAME
87REFEREE ADMINISTRATION MEASUREMENTS REFEREE DECIDESMAY CONSULT AFFECTED CAPTAINAWARNESS OF DISTANCE TO GAINCLOSE -SIGNAL TIME OUT– MAKE CALL – CHECK WITH CAPTAINS- MAY DECLINE REQUEST, BUT MUST BE OBVIOUS3 rdDOWNSORRYNOMEASUREMENTPLEASE
88REFEREE ADMINISTRATION MEASUREMENTS IF BALL OUT OF BOUNDS, MEASURE AT O.B. SPOTIF BALL DEAD INBOUNDS, MEASURE AT PBDIF BALL IS TO BE MOVED TO HASH MARK, MARK SPOTON CHAIN FOR PLACEMENTReferee holding the ball in place awaiting the stick.Measure where the ball went dead
89Measurements Role of the Referee Your this much shortGIVE DECISION, START PLAY WHEN HL IS READY
90REFEREE –PENALTY OPTIONS Follow the “Kiss” systemRemember- Play or PenaltyDual Penalties- clean up other penalties, then apply U.R or R.P. calls.Obvious options- inform the captain (s) rather than ask.Keep game movingIf unsure, ask other officialsAssist captains rather than demand quick decisions.Umpire should stay close, to act as a “safety “valve.Call both captains together rather than repeat on dual foul situations.On dual penalty situations, offeroption (s) to first non offending team.
91REFEREE ADMINISTRATION SIGNALS 1. Be Sure of the information provided to you.2. Find an open spot on the field ( Position clearly visible to both sides of field).3. Know the sequence of announcing the infraction.4. Be comfortable.5. Display deliberate movement.6. Do not hurry (your in charge).7. Do not turn back to check on anything once you have started into your routine8. Do not over signal9.Display good composure10. Develop your own stylePRACTICE YOUR SIGNALS : - CRISP -CLEAR
92REFEREE ADMINISTRATION CHANGE AT QUARTER TIME - DOWN AND YARDAGE- BALL POSITION- AFTER PLACEMENT-POSITION-DOWN-YARDAGE- SIGNAL PLAY TO START
93REFEREE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL SITUATIONS HURRY UP OFFENSE-CO ORDINATE WITH UMPIRE-CONTROL START OF PLAYCONTROL OF CLOCK-STARTING THE CLOCK STOPPING THE CLOCK-3 MINUTE PERIOD-NO AUTHORITY TO CHANGE TIMING REGULATIONSTIME COUNT-20 SECOND COUNT - METHOD OF COUNTING- CONSIDERATION BEFORE STARTING-
94REFEREE ADMINISTRATION TIME COUNT -20 SECOND COUNT - METHOD OF COUNTINGCONSIDERATION BEFORE STARTINGPREVENTIVE OFFICIATINGPlayer being sent in with plays –explain to the coach in pre game as to when you will whistle the time count in.Will wait for messenger if he is in the process of coming when ball is ready for playWill not wait if the messenger is engaged in a conversation with the coachMessenger player
95REFEREE ADMINISTRATION HALFTIME GET BALLGO DIRECTLY TO DRESSING ROOMREVIEW FIRST HALFMAKE ADJUSTMENTS3 MINUTE WARNINGRECHECK WHISTLE, FLAG, GAME BALL, TEECHECK GAME CARDMEET CAPTAINS
96REFEREE ADMINISTRATION Post Game -Conduct a review of key plays or areas of concerns-Have all members of the crew contribute-Negative concerns with individual officials should be discussed in privateFill in any information on game sheet that the league may require eg: names of officials, disqualifications other concerns visors etc.
98PRE GAME DUTIES BACK UMPIRE - PREGAME MEETING- CHECK GAME BALLS- KICKING TEE/GAME TOWELS-FIELD CHECK-MARKINGS-OBSTRUCTIONS-HAZARDS-PLAYER’S FOOTWEAR.CASTS ETC.-REVIEW WITH REFEREE-PROCEED TO FIELD WITH CREW
99CORDINATION OF CREW BACK UMPIRE -KICK OFF –WITH UMPIRESIGNALCOVERING – BALL & RECEIVERBLOCKING-PLAYS FROM SCRIMMAGEEARLY POSITIONINGINDICATE FREE SIDE AND HELD SIDE- CLEAR AND DECISIVE POSITIONING BY THE B.U. WILLREMOVE DOUBT FOR THE CREW
100UMBRELLA CONCEPT BACK UMPIRE KEYS-POSITIONING FOR OVERALL VIEW-AVOID GETTING “TRAPPED”-BOX IN THE PLAYPREVENTATIVE OFFICIATINGLOOK - OFF THE BALL- THROUGH THE PLAYMAKE PRESCENCE KNOWN- DURING THE PLAY- AFTER BALL IS DEAD
101KICK OFF BACK UMPIRE -TAKE UP INITIAL POSITION -CARRY OUT FIELD CHECK(END ZONE, RECEIVERS, PLAYERCOUNT)- COORDINATE COVERAGE WITH UMPIRE- SIGNAL REFEREE-POSITIVE SIGNAL FOR RETURN COVERAGE (BALL CARRIER-BLOCKING)-SIGNAL TIME IN-AWARNESS OF DIFFERENT PLAY SITUATIONS-MECHANICS OF PENALTY APPLICATION-POINT OF POSSESSION-POINT BALL HELD (AT TIME OF FOUL)
102SCRIMMAGE BACK UMPIRE RUNNING PLAY -TAKE UP INITIAL POSITION -NOTE DOWN, NUMBER, DISTANCE TO BE GAINED ,FIELD POSITION-SIGNAL FREE AND HELD POSITION TO SIDE OFFICIALS- PLAYER COUNT-CHECK AND BE AWARE OF NUMBERS OF PASS RECEIVERS-CHECK INTERFERENCE-UMBRELLA COVERAGE
103SCRIMMAGE BACK UMPIRE PASSING PLAYS -TAKE UP INITIAL POSITION -READ PLAY FOR PASS SITUATIONS-SIGNAL FREE AND HELD SIDE OFFICIALS-PLAYER COUNT-CHECK AND BE AWARE OF ELIGIBLE PASS RECEIVERS-CHECK INTERFERENCE (LEGAL AND ILLEGAL)- PASS COVERAGE AND SIGNALS-LOOK THROUGH THE PLAY (UMBRELLA COVERAGE)
104SCRIMMAGE BACK UMPIRE SHORT YARDAGE (3RD D : B 2 OR 1 YD LINE , GOAL LINE PLAYS)-SPECIAL INITIAL POSITIONING-SIGNAL FREE AND HELD-COUNT PLAYERS-ASSIST UMPIRE WITH LINE COVERAGE-ASSIST WITH PLUNGE PLAYS-BE PREPARED FOR A PASS-EXTRA COVERAGE NEAR GOAL LINE (5YARD LINE TO 2YARD LINE)-B.U. DESIGNATES GOAL LINE POSITIONINGA) SCORE MADEB) NO SCORE MADEC) INFRACTION ON PLAY
105SCRIMMAGE BACK UMPIRE PUNT AND RETURN KICK -SPECIAL DOWNFIELD POSITIONING-BRING FREE (SHORT SIDE OFFICIAL ) DOWNFIELD-POSITIVE SIGNAL FOR : receiver, restraining zone, interference-POINT BALL HELDNo Yards?105
106SCRIMMAGE BACK UMPIRE PUNT AND RETURN KICK -SWITCHING COVERAGE (GIVE AND TAKE)-PLAY SITUATION AWARENESS-LOOK THROUGH PLAY (UMBRELLACOVERAGE)-SPECIAL DUTIES RETURN KICK-PENALTY APPLICATION MECHANICS-POINT OF POSSESSION
107FIELD GOAL ATTEMPT BACK UMPIRE OUTSIDE THE 10 YARD LINE- POSITION IN THE END ZONE WITH FREE OFFICIAL- COORDINATE COVERAGE WITH FREE OFFICIAL- WHISTLE AND SIGNAL- WHEN FIELD GOAL IS NOT GOOD –SPECIAL COVERAGE-SIGNALB) 10 YARD LINE IN- INITIAL POSITIONING IN “END ZONE”- COORDINATE FREE AND HELD OFFICIALS- WHEN FIELD GOAL IS NOT GOOD –”KICK COVERAGE’(BE CONSCIOUS OFGOAL LINE AND DEAD BALL LINE)C) CONVERTS- INITIAL POSITIONING- ASSIST UMPIRE WITH “LINE” PLAY- BE ALERT FOR 2- POINT ATTEMPTS
108MEASUREMENTS BACK UMPIRE -DO NOT MOVE THE BALL IF POSSIBILITY OF MEASUREMENT-WATCH REFEREE FOR SIGNAL FOR TIME OUT FOR MEASUREMENT-TAKE CLIP AND CHAIN-ENSURE CHAIN IS PARALLEL TO SIDELINE (COORDINATE WITH UMPIRE)-PLACE CHAIN ON BACK OF BACK LINE-IF REQUIRED , TAKE CLIP AND CHAIN TO HASH MARK FOR BALLPLACEMENT BY THE REFEREE
109MEASUREMENTS BACK UMPIRE Back Umpire goes to back line for placement of clip
110Back Umpire Positioning and Mechanics POINTS TO REMEMBERBEFORE THE PLAY-KNOW THE “DOWN” AND DISTANCE-BE PLAY AND SITUATION CONSCIOUSB. POSITIONING-KNOW YOUR POSITION-KNOW OTHERS’ POSITION AND RESPONSIBILITIES-AVOID GETTING TRAPPED. “CAUGHT UP” IN PLAY-UMBRELLA COVERAGE -BOX THE PLAY IN-WHEN NOT COVERING THE BALL CARRIER,LOOK OFF THE BALL FOR INFRACTIONS. LOOK THROUGHT THE PLAY FOR OTHER ACTIONBETWEEN PLAYS-ASSIST IN RELAYING THE BALL-ASSIST IN COMMUNICATION TO THE BENCHES-TAKE CLIP AND CHANGE ON MEASUREMENTSUmpire signals down to side officials
111Team Work Back Umpire WITH SIDE LINE OFFICIALS A) GENERAL –5 OFFICIAL CREW- TAKE YOUR POSITION- SIGNAL Held OFFICIAL- CHECK RESPONSE SIGNAL FROM HL & LJB) FORWARD PASS-POSITION-LOOK THROUGH THE PLAY-OTHER OFFICIAL MAY BESCREENED- APPROPRIATE ACTION IF HEIS SCREENED-CONCEDE CALL TO OFFICIALFACING THE RECEIVER-EYE CONTACT
112Pass Interference What penalties can be applied to Team B? What penalty is applied to Team A?Once a pass is in the air, neither the receiver nor the defender can interfere with each other’s attempt to catch it
113PASS INTERFERENCEWhen either team is guilty of illegal interference on a forward pass.By Team A -- 1,2,3,4,D – L15 DRBy Team B – Behind the L.S. – 1D PLSAcross the L.S.1D at point of Foul, if less than 15 yards from PLS1D plus 15 PLS, if PF is more than 15 from PLS
114Pass Interference1. Exam the photo ,why is this a classic example of illegal pass interference?2. What is the penalty if the interference was caused by Team B is7 yards across the Line of scrimmageTwenty five yards down fieldIn the Team B end zone with the ball and Team A 2nd andi) B 17 yard lineii) B 23 yard lineD) On a potential team A receiver 5 yards in the A back field3.What if Team A was charged with illegal pass interference.What is the penalty for this Team A foul?
115Team Work Back Umpire WITH SIDE OFFICIAL C. SCRIMMAGE KICK-POSITION –5 X 8- FREE OFFICIAL BACK WITH BACK UMPIRE-SIGNAL IMMEDIATELY AFTER KICK-BACK UMPIRE –RECEIVER AND RESTRAINING ZONE RESPONSIBILITY-BE PREPARED TO SWITCH COVERAGED. FIELD GOALSOUTSIDE THE 10 YARD LINE:-POSITION; IN END ZONE WITH FREE OFFICIAL-COORDINATE DUTIES WITH FREE OFFICIAL-WHISTLE AND SIGNAL-COVERAGE, IF UNSUCESSFULINSIDE THE 10 YARD LINE;-POSITION; IN END ZONE-CLOSER TO GOAL LINE-SIGNAL HELD OFFICIAL-COVERAGE AS FOR SCRIMAMGE KICK
116COVERAGE ON PUNTS 5 official crew BU What does the Back Umpire pointing at HL (arrow) mean?What duties do the officials assumeHLBUHLULJRClick (or press n) to start motionWatch the officials and answer the questions
117Team Work Back Umpire BALL CARRIER COVERAGE A) GENERAL COVER BALL CARRIER IN YOUR ZONEALL PLAYSWHISTLE PLAY DEADSEE THE BALLB) AFTER THE WHISTLEALERT FOR DEAD BALL INFRACTIONS OFF THE BALLON INFRACTIONS, IF THE FLAG IS BY THE SIDELINEOFFICIAL,TAKE DEAD BALL SPOT OF THE SIDELINE OFFICIAL TOALLOW HIM TO REPORT TO THE REFEREEWhat is the official indicating with all his new found officiating friends
118Team Work Back Umpire BALL CARRIER COVERAGE C) IN AND OUT OF BOUNDS ON PLAYS WHICH GO DEAD NEAR THE SIDE LINE OR OUT OF BOUNDSIF OTHER OFFICIAL HAS THE BALLCARRIER:CHECK OFF-BALL INFRACTION BEFORE WHISTLEFOLLOW ACTION OUT OF BOUNDS AFTER WHISTLECHECK DEAD BALL INFRACTIONSDEFUSE AND CONTROLCOMMENTS; “OKAY GUYS,WHISTLE’S GONE’” ETC.IF YOU HAVE THE BALL CARRIERWHISTLE PLAY DEADSIGNAL TIME OUT IF BALL DEAD OUT OF BOUNDSMARK THE SPOTWATCH THE ACTION
119Team Work CONTROL OF BALL BOYS BALL HANDLING AND MOVEMENT Back Umpire USE THEM OR LOSE THEMCHANGE BALL EVERY PLAYPOSITION:SCRIMAMGE PLAYS -+10 FROM LSSCRIMAMGE KICKS AHEAD OF RECEIVERSRETRIEVE OLD BALLTOWELS:WET WEATHERBALL TO BACK UMPIRE,UNLESS DEEP PASS PLAYCONVERT AND FIELD GOALSBALL HANDLING AND MOVEMENTQUICK RELAY TO NEST LSSHORT UNDERHAND PASSESSTRIANGLE FORMATION
120Team Work Back Umpire READING KEYS PRIOR TO THE GAME SPECIAL PLAYS,ETC. FROM MEETING WITH COACHESB. PRIOR TO THE PLAYBE AWARE OF : TIMEDOWN AND DISTANCEFIELD POSITIONSCORETEAM TENDENCIESUNUSUAL FORMATIONSSUBSTITUTIONS
121Team Work Back Umpire READING KEYS C. DURING THE PLAY KEY ON OFFENSIVE LINE MENQUARTRERBACK ACTION3RD AND SHORT; TEAM A ALIGNMENTON KICK OFFSSHORT KICK OFF POSSIBILITY
122Team Work Back Umpire TIMING AND CLOCK AWARNESS KNOW TIMING RULE SIGNAL TIME IN ON KICKOFFSIGNAL TIME OUT- BALL OUT OF BOUNDS- INCOMPLETE PASS- PENALTY ON THE PLAY, AFTER BALL DEAD- PLAYER INJURY. AFTER BALL DEAD- EVERY PLAY AFTER 3 MINUTE WARNINGIF YOU FACE THE FIELD CLOCK;- ADVISE REFEREE IF TIME ERRS- ADVISE REFEREE ON APPROACH OF 3 MINUTE WARNINGADVISE TEAM COACHES OF 3 MINUTE WARNING
123Official’s Signals GROUPED INTO RELATED CATEGORIES 5 YARDS-PROCEDURAL FOULS10 YARDS- UNFAIR ADVANTAGE FOULS15 YARDS-MAJOR FOULS25 YARDS- ROUGH PLAY-DISQUALIFICATIONPOINT OF FOULSPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
124Officials' SignalsDOWNSFirst Second ThirdArms at right angles.
125SCORES Touch Down Field Goal Convert 6 points 3 points 1 or 2 points Safety Touch Rouge2 points 1 point
1275 YARD FOULS PROCEDURAL FOULS ILLEGAL PROCEDURE OFFSIDE ILLEGAL EQUIPMENTTime count prior to 3min No yards (bounce back)
12810 YARD FOULS UNFAIR ADVANTAGE FOULS HOLDING ILLEGAL SUBSTITUTION ILLEGAL BLOCK OBJECTIONABLE CONDUCTTIME COUNT AFTER 3MIN 3RD D BLOCK BELOW THE WAIST CONTACTING THE KICKERINELLEGIBLE RECEIVER ILLEGAL CONTACT ILLEGAL FORWARD TRIPPINGDOWNFIELD ON A RECEIVER PASS CROSSING ONE FOOT OVER THE OTHER
12915 YARD FOULS MAJOR FOULSUNNECESSARY ILLEGAL PASS BLOCKING FROM UR + SPEARINGROUGHNESS INTERFERENCE THE REARUR + PILING ON UR+ FACE MASK UR + CRACKBACK
131POINT OF FOUL FOULS PASS INTERFERENCE INTENTIONAL OFFSIDE LESS THAN 15 YARDS GROUNDING PASS
132Loss of Down Fouls Team A penalty on own 1 yard line Offside Pass Applicable penalty signalOffside PassTime Count 1st and 2nd Down last 3 minutes of a halfIntentional Grounding
133Special Circumstance Fouls Unauthorized participationIllegal interference on a loose ballComment boxes labeled RH#
134No Distance Penalty No mouth Guard Warning at one time was one hand behind the head signal removed from rule bookImproper RegistrationPlayer (s) sent off until properly registered with the scorerRestraining Zone Foul-short kick falling )into a group of playersNo signal as play whistled dead no foul has occurred
1355 OFFICIAL CREW Also 3 and 4 official crews Open support material file POSITIONING CHARTS5 OFFICIAL CREWAlso 3 and 4 official crewsOpen support material fileRole of mechanics and positioning reviewed in next two slides
136Positioning and Mechanics Mechanics refers to the routine procedure surrounding what the official does.The two primary areas of mechanics are signaling and positioning.When more than one official is involve “Teamwork” becomes a third areas of mechanics, wherein additional signaling and positioning responsibilities are necessary.The mechanics of positioning, signaling and teamwork are all of the essential importance to a professional performance.Good positioning, is necessary if you are to see what you are supposed to see.Sharp, unhesitating and un-hurried signals are necessary to communicate your decisions and to build the confidence of everyone regarding your officiating abilityCommonly recognized teamwork procedures are necessary to ensure to the greatest extent that (a) every conceivable action is covered and ruled upon and(b) disagreement is eliminated or minimizedWhen proper mechanics are performed precisely, the game progresses without confusion of unnecessary delay.Good mechanics are not too difficult to develop if correct habits are established early in the officiating career.
137Positioning and Mechanics continued Difficulty does occur when the new official unsuspectingly forms bad habits.Mechanics, good or bad, are habitual actions.It is much easier to learn the correct habit first than to unlearn an incorrect habit later.Like the playing rules, mechanics have evolved from the efforts of many people over many years and therefore, they should command the respect and acceptance of new officials.The first two obligations of a new official are to:a) learn the playing rulesb) develop correct habit of mechanicsAN OFFICIAL WHO IS IN THE RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME, AT LEAST LOOKS EFFICIENT
138Goal Line CoverageWhat is the official watching ?
139What’s the Call A B 1. What foul is shown? 2. a) Are both A and B fouls?b) Explain your answer
140What’s the call? Same or different fouls? What is (ARE) THE PENALTY APPLICATIONS?
141What’s the Call?Offensive player blocking on a punt return with the ballat the Team A Twenty five yard lineIn the Team A end zone , with block in the end zone and ball dead in the end zoneSame play as (b) , but the the block is at the Team A 10 yard line.Same play as ( c ) but Team A returner gets the ball out to the Team A 2 yard line.
142Point of Last Scrimmage (PLS) The majority of penalties are applied from this point.The PLS is the point of application used for penalties occurringPrior to the 1st down distance being gained
143Point Ball Held (PBH)This is the point where the ball is held at the time of the foulIt is the point of application for penalties that occur after distance gained and/or after a change of possession
144Point of Foul (PF) This is the point where the foul occurred It is the point of application on loose ball fouls affecting the possessionIt is the point of application for pass interference less than 15 yards from the line of scrimmage
145Point where the Ball is Dead (PBD) This point is used on dead ball fouls, in some UR and RP situations, and for Objectionable Conduct
146Point of Possession (PP) This is the point where possession is gainedIt is the point of application for fouls occurring while the ball is in flight
147Point of Pass (POP)This is the point from which the pass is thrown and is the point of application for offside passes, and deliberate grounding of a forward pass
148Point of Kick Off (PKO)This is the point of application for fouls occurring on a kick off, offside on the kick off, kick off out of bounds, etc.