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Many new industries developed after WWII  Plastics and pesticides were developed out of inventions made during the war.  Important new resources were.

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Presentation on theme: "Many new industries developed after WWII  Plastics and pesticides were developed out of inventions made during the war.  Important new resources were."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Many new industries developed after WWII  Plastics and pesticides were developed out of inventions made during the war.  Important new resources were discovered.  In 1947, oil was discovered at Leduc, Alberta.  Boom towns resulted from the new mines and wells that were developed in the wilderness.  Manufacturing also grew, but it was focused almost exclusively in Ontario and Quebec.

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4 The government improved infrastructure  New roads, sewers, powerplants, schools, and hospitals were built.  The government also used the increased money it was making from taxes to undertake 3 megaprojects:  The Trans-Canada Highway  The Saint Laurence Seaway  The Trans-Canada Pipeline

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8 Americans began to invest in Canada  The USA was running short of raw materials, so they began to look north for natural resources.  By 1956, 68% of Canada’s oil industry and 50% of our manufacturing were American owned.  By 1967, Americans owned 88% of Canada’s oil industry!  This was both good and bad for Canada.

9 Advantages  Branch plants provided employment for Canadians.  Canadian industries benefitted from American technology.  The earnings of these businesses and workers provided more tax revenues for the Canadian government.Disadvantages  Profits from branch plants and resource extraction went to Americans.  Canada was losing control over its economy.

10 Canadians also benefitted from the new wealth  Canadian tycoons built huge commercial empires.  Trade Unions fought for a greater share of the prosperity.  Wages rose from 65 cents to 93 cents an hour between 1945 and 1948.  The five-day, forty-hour work week was established.  Result: Canadian workers had more money and leisure time.

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13 But not everyone benefitted from the new wealth  The unskilled working poor in cities still worked and lived under miserable conditions.  Women were discouraged from working and were discriminated against in the workforce.  Canada’s First Nations people suffered as environmental damage from resource extraction reached their reserves.

14 Canada Expanded  After WWII, the people of Newfoundland were given a chance to decide the future of their colony:  They voted to join Canada in a referendum in 1948.  The man credited with bringing Newfoundland into confederation is J.R. “Joey” Smallwood.


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