ITALIAN CAMPAIGN Allies (France, Britain & commonwealth colonies) lost Dieppe battle and wanted more European land Because Allies had won North African campaign, they were able to attack Through their gained land, from the South They planned to attack what they thought were the weakest spots of Europe: Italy and Sicily Fight lasted 2 years Thousands of casualties for Allies
BATTLE OF SICILY Allies charged into Sicily 1943, July 10 Canadians fought autonomously with Allies Allies (France, Britain, Canada and other commonwealth colonies ) were fighting against Germany and Italy The fight between Canadians and German + Italian soldiers went on for 240km of land Island of Sicily was captured after 38 days of battle Because of capture, Italian leader Mussolini was overthrown New Italian Govt. surrendered to Allies Germans (having gained some Italian land for themselves) didn’t step away from their captured Italian territory
BATTLE OF ORTONA Germans moved back into Italy, followed by Britain, France and Commonwealth colonies Canada was ordered to overtake Ortona (medieval Italian town) Before Ortona was attainable Canadian soldiers had to : -Cross River Moro -cross German territory -capture villages along the way Once there, Canadians slowly captured the town Ortona was officially conquered Dec 28, 1943 by Allies After such, Canadians were sent to the campaign in France In Italy a rough total of about 6000 Canadian soldiers were killed
OVERALL RESULTS Canadians proved themselves as helpful allies Italy & Germany fought together Island of Sicily was captured by Allies Mussolini’s downfall New Italian govt. surrendered to Allies Canada overtook Ortona Germans defended their Italian territory Remaining Canadians were send to France to fight along with Allies 6000 Canadians were killed in Italy
KEY TERMS Italian Campaign: Allies battles in Europe against Germany and Italy, 1943 Battle of Sicily: Allies invade Island of Sicily and are victorious Battle of Ortona: Canada’s battle in ancient town, Ortona, against Italians and Germans, ending in victory for Allies Mussolini: Italian leader, overthrown after Sicily was taken over
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