TIMELINE OF WORLD WAR II http://encarta.msn.com/m edia_1481601301_7615592 00_- 1_1/World_War_II.html http://encarta.msn.com/m edia_1481601301_7615592 00_- 1_1/World_War_II.html Franklin D. Roosevelt (USA) above Winston Churchill (Britain) below
RISE OF DICTATORSHIPS Josef Stalin leads the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – USSR) (Russia today) 1929 – 1953 totalitarian state by Communist Party Estimates of those arrested and executed from 1936 to 1938 in the Great Purge range between 1.5 million and 7 million
Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) Italian Fascist dictator 1922 – 1943 Executed by Italian partisans April 1945 Mussolini on the cover of Life Magazine, 1939 Created ‘fascism’ “Believe, obey, fight”
Francisco Franco Leader of the Nationalist forces overthrew Spain’s elected government el Caudillo (the leader) ruled 1939 until his death in 1975. http://encarta.msn.com/media_461549681_761572941_- 1_1/Spanish_Civil_War.html http://encarta.msn.com/media_461549681_761572941_- 1_1/Spanish_Civil_War.html
ADOLF HITLER National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) Came to power democratically Suspended civil liberties, violently silenced opposition Opposition, mentally/physically handicapped, Jews, eastern Europeans, homosexuals http://encarta.msn.com/media_461556192_761556540_- 1_1/Rise_of_Adolf_Hitler.html http://encarta.msn.com/media_461556192_761556540_- 1_1/Rise_of_Adolf_Hitler.html
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King Over 21 years in office Longest running Canadian Prime Minister Met Hitler and thought he was ‘pleasant,’ ‘affectionate,’ and ‘loves his fellow man’ "conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription."
Japanese-Canadian Internment 22,000 BC residents given 24 hours to pack no evidence they were threat The federal government confiscated and sold the property and belongings of the incarcerated Japanese at public auction
Japanese-Canadian Internment After the war, King offered Japanese-Canadians the option of “repatriation" to a war- ravaged Japan, even though many had never been there and did not speak the language not allowed back to coastal areas until his government fell several years later
THE HOLOCAUST 6 million Jews rounded up, and systematically imprisoned, starved, tortured, gassed, or died in other ways due to Nazi policies Some confined to ghettoes at first, work camps, concentration camps
THE HOLOCAUST ‘Final Solution’ gassing experiments in Auschwitz (carbon monoxide, Zyklon- B) Above, children in concentration camp Right, naked women, with children, waiting to be executed in mass grave Worst (sadly not last) genocide in history
THE HOLOCAUST Left, prayer shawls from gassed Jews at Auschwitz Right, human hair in warehouse, numbered for shipment
Martin Niemöller – In Germany, they came first for the Communists, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist; – And then they came for the trade unionists, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist; – And then they came for the Jews, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew; – And then... they came for me... And by that time there was no one left to speak up."
ALL FOR WHAT? Over 72 million people died because of World War II 47 million of those were civilians Allies lost 61 million, Axis 11 million