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Cite It Right Kathleen Scheaffer September 2013 Adapted by Elisa Sze & Kathleen Scheaffer, from an earlier workshop designed.

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Presentation on theme: "Cite It Right Kathleen Scheaffer September 2013 Adapted by Elisa Sze & Kathleen Scheaffer, from an earlier workshop designed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cite It Right Kathleen Scheaffer September 2013 Adapted by Elisa Sze & Kathleen Scheaffer, from an earlier workshop designed by Joe Cox

2 What you need to know Your responsibilities – U of T’s Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters Ways to avoid plagiarism Standard documentation formats Citation management tools Where to go for help with citations

3 Your academic responsibility The University of Toronto’s Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters (1995): Covers academic and scholarly integrity Applies to all U of T faculty and students Outlines punitive actions It is your responsibility to read and abide by the academic code “Not knowing” the code is not an excuse for committing an academic offense

4 Offences outlined by the Code (Section B) It is an academic offence for a student to: Forge or falsify documents Use, possess, or obtain unauthorized aids for academic exams, tests or work Allow another person to write one’s exam or test (or writing someone else’s for them) Commit plagiarism (i.e., taking someone else’s idea or work as your own) Re-use an assignment from another class without instructor’s approval Concoct facts or reference sources

5 Offences outlined by the Code (Section B) It is an academic offence for a faculty member to approve of any of the offences previously outlined. It is an academic offence for a faculty member or a student to: Alter, forge, or falsify any academic record Engage in cheating or academic dishonesty

6 Penalties outlined by the Code (Section C & Appendix C) 0 on the assignment (only for assignments worth 10% or less of the final grade) Reduction of the final grade 0 as the final grade in the course Denial of privileges to use U of T facilities Offence recorded on academic transcript Suspension Expulsion Degree revoked

7 Image source: Redon, O. (1900). Baronne de Domecy [Painting]. Retrieved from Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program. I don’t remember where the idea came from, or if it just popped into my head. It will take too much time to go back. Do I still have to cite anything?

8 Image source: ter Borch, G. (1668). The Music Lesson [Painting]. Retrieved from Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program. For a class video assignment, I’m using a song that my friend wrote for the soundtrack. She gave me permission to use it. Do I still need to cite the song?

9 How to avoid plagiarism Use references/works cited/bibliography AND in- text citations Beware of cutting and pasting Use quotation marks when directly quoting Paraphrase carefully Be clear in distinguishing your ideas from those you are citing Take notes carefully and fully Over cite rather than under cite Use common knowledge judiciously More tips:

10 (a)Claude Monet was an Impressionist painter. (b)Claude Monet was the most important painter of the Impressionist movement. Which statement expresses common knowledge? Image source: Monet, C. (1873). Sunrise (Marine) [Painting]. Retrieved from Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program.

11 1.You will be given a direct quotation from the following journal article: Krmpotich, C. (2010). Remembering and repatriation: The production of kinship, memory and respect. Journal of Material Culture, 15(2): You will be given an example of a student’s paraphrase. 3. Spot the problem. This exercise is adapted from the video 1.4 Changing some words but copying whole phrases produced by The Critical Thinker Academy (http://www.criticalthinkeracademy.com/14-changing-some-words- but-copying-whole-phrases.html).

12 Quotation: “As the co-production of kinship and memory is explored, there is a need to consider how memories are shared and made collective – or isolated and forgotten – and even the manner in which memories are restored. Haida repatriation efforts demonstrate the centrality of material culture in the construction, collectivization and restoration of memory” (Krmpotich, 2010, p. 176). Student’s paraphrase: Museums and cultural institutions must consider how memories are shared and made collective, and how memories are restored. Haida repatriation efforts demonstrate the central importance of material culture in the construction, collectivization and restoration of memory.

13 Quotation: “As the co-production of kinship and memory is explored, there is a need to consider how memories are shared and made collective – or isolated and forgotten – and even the manner in which memories are restored. Haida repatriation efforts demonstrate the centrality of material culture in the construction, collectivization and restoration of memory” (Krmpotich, 2010, p. 176). Student’s paraphrase: Museums and cultural institutions must consider how memories are shared and made collective, and how memories are restored. Haida repatriation efforts demonstrate the central importance of material culture in the construction, collectivization and restoration of memory.

14 Quotation: “As the co-production of kinship and memory is explored, there is a need to consider how memories are shared and made collective – or isolated and forgotten – and even the manner in which memories are restored. Haida repatriation efforts demonstrate the centrality of material culture in the construction, collectivization and restoration of memory” (Krmpotich, 2010, p. 176). Student’s paraphrase: Krmpotich’s research into Haida repatriation efforts emphasizes the vital importance of material culture in creating, sharing, and reinstating collective memory within aboriginal communities (2010). An example of an appropriate paraphrase

15 What information would you need in order to give correct attribution for the following quotation? “You don’t sit down and say ‘I’m going to start plagiarizing now.’ You are just going through different ideas and you read a lot and you take notes, you’re working on something, you go away, you read something, you write it down … I’m a fairly prolific reader, so sometimes I just read ideas that meshed with my own.”

16 Who said it: Chris Spence Source of quotation: a newspaper article Who wrote the article: Kristin Rushowy Title of the article: Chris Spence breaks silence on plagiarism scandal Name of newspaper: The Toronto Star Date of the article: July 25, 2013 Page number/URL to locate the article: /chris_spence_breaks_silence_on_plagiarism_sc andal.html /chris_spence_breaks_silence_on_plagiarism_sc andal.html

17 In my latest paper, I inserted my own sketch of a public domain photo. Since the photo is no longer under copyright, I don’t need to cite anything. True or false? Image source: Evans, W. (1934). License Photo Studio, New York. [Photograph]. Retrieved from: Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program.

18 You must cite: All published materials, regardless of format Quotations Facts, statistics, tables, figures Paraphrases Summaries Other people’s ideas and opinions Photos, paintings, sculptures Designs, logos, templates Code, coding regimens, standards Lectures s, letters, phone calls

19 How to cite Find out which citation style your instructor prefers for assignments Be consistent within a single work Most citation styles require a combination of in- text citations and a bibliography at the end of your paper More tips: formatshttp://uoft.me/documentation- formats

20 Image source: Degas, E. ( ). The Convalescent [Painting]. Retrieved from Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program. Because of a family crisis, I had to rush through my essay. I don’t have time to create a bibliography, but since I have a few in-text citations, I won’t be penalized. True or false?

21 Standard Documentation Formats Let’s use the following publication as an example: Author: David Fletcher & Mustafa Sarkar Article title: A grounded theory of psychological resilience in Olympic champions Journal title: Psychology of Sport & Exercise Volume: 13 Issue: 5 Publication date: September 2012 Pages:

22 APA American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (6th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author. Print: Inforum, Reference: P976P6 2 nd printing P976P6 2 nd printing Purdue OWL Guide: owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/ owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/ APA Style FAQ: Free “Cite in APA” workshop: ite-apa ite-apa

23 APA In-text citation One study found that numerous psychological factors protect athletes from the negative effects of stress (Fletcher & Sarkar, 2012).

24 APA References Fletcher, D. and Sarkar, M. (2012). A grounded theory of psychological resilience in Olympic champions. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 13(5),

25 Chicago Chicago Manual of Style. 16 th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Print: Inforum, Reference U58M U58M16 Full online manual: go.utlib.ca/cat/ (the iSchool contributes to this U of T subscription)go.utlib.ca/cat/

26 Chicago (Author-Date) In-text citation One study found that numerous psychological factors protect athletes from the negative effects of stress (Fletcher and Sarkar 2012, 672).

27 Chicago (Author-Date) References or Works Cited Fletcher, David and Mustafa Sarkar “A Grounded Theory of Psychological Resilience in Olympic Champions.” Psychology of Sport & Exercise 13 (5):

28 Chicago (Notes-Bibliography) Footnote/endnote One study found that numerous psychological factors protect athletes from the negative effects of stress. 1 1 David Fletcher and Mustafa Sarkar, “A Grounded Theory of Psychological Resilience in Olympic Champions,” Psychology of Sport & Exercise 13, no. 5 (2012): 672.

29 Chicago (Notes-Bibliography) Bibliography Fletcher, David and Mustafa Sarkar. “A Grounded Theory of Psychological Resilience in Olympic Champions.” Psychology of Sport & Exercise 13, no. 5 (2012):

30 MLA Modern Language Association of America. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7 th ed. New York: MLA, Print. Print: Inforum, Reference G437M G437M7 Unofficial guide by Purdue OWL: owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/11/ owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/11/

31 Turabian Turabian. Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 8th ed. Revised by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Print: Inforum Reference has the 7 th edition T929M7 (8 th edition is on order) T929M7 Online quick guide: ian_citationguide.html ian_citationguide.html

32 Citation Management Tools The University of Toronto Libraries guide has an excellent comparison table: Workshops on APA and citation management tools are available. Register via: – iSchool: – U of T Libraries: urce=students urce=students

33 Help with citations at the St. George Campus Writing Centre English Language and Writing Support (ELWS), School of Graduate Studies nts/english

34 Online Help Purdue OWL: owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ U of T Library Guides on citation: guides.library.utoronto.ca/cat.php?cid=27434 guides.library.utoronto.ca/cat.php?cid=27434 – Guides are created by librarians from across the University of Toronto Libraries system – How to Avoid Plagiarism:

35 Questions & Workshop Evaluation

36 Information the iSchool Book an appointment with your librarian Inforum (4 th floor)

37 References Critical Thinker Academy. (2010). 1.4 Changing Some Words but Copying Whole Phrases [Video]. Retrieved from copying-whole-phrases.html.http://www.criticalthinkeracademy.com/14-changing-some-words-but- copying-whole-phrases.html Krmpotich, C. (2010). Remembering and repatriation: The production of kinship, memory and respect. Journal of Material Culture, 15(2): Proctor, M. (2010). How not to plagiarize. Toronto: University of Toronto. Retrieved from: Proctor, M. (2012). Standard documentation formats. Toronto: University of Toronto. Retrieved from: Rushowy, K. (2013 July 25). “Chris Spence breaks silence on plagiarism scandal”, The Toronto Star. Retrieved from m_scandal.html m_scandal.html University of Toronto, Governing Council. (1995). Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters. Retrieved from:


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