Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Who wanted this war anyway?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Who wanted this war anyway?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Who wanted this war anyway?
Causes of World War I Who wanted this war anyway?


3 Video Clip

4 Alliances My dad can beat up your dad

5 Triple Alliance Germany Austria/Hungary Italy Ottoman Empire
Rivalry with France and England Austria/Hungary Rivalry with Russia, Serbia, and Italy Italy Rivalry with France and Italy Ottoman Empire Rivalry with England Germany – rivalry over territory with France (Alsace and Lorraine this area would be under dispute until after WW II) and England over their navy – will talk more later Austria / Hungary – rivalry over Balkans with Russia, and Serbia, and Italy over territory The first 2 rivalries would be the primary reasons behind the war Italy rivalry with France and Austria / Hungary over territory, remember that Italy fought Austria for independence and has historically fought with France over territory Italy would eventually leave the alliance and join the other side Ottoman Empire – Rivalry over territory with England

6 Triple Entente Russia France Britain
Had lost face by losing the war to Japan France Lost territory to Germany Britain Looking to protect its trade empire Russia’s place as a European power was called into question with its defeat to Japan. It had proclaimed itself the protector of Serbia and didn’t want to lose face again. France was very concerned about a unified Germany seeing it as a threat to France’s place in Europe Britain feared losing control of some of its colonies and needed the support of France to keep control

7 Schlieffen Plan Assumed that if Germany was at war with Russia it was also at war with France Relied on two things: Russia would be slow to mobilize Using rapid troop movements Germany would be able to quickly defeat France Easiest way for Germany to achieve rapid troop movement would be to go through Belgium which was a neutral country and protected by England

8 Schlieffen Plan The moment Russia started to mobilize its troops a world war was guaranteed Germany either had to declare war on France AND Russia or admit defeat prior to a shot being fired

9 Nationalism I am better than you!

10 The Big Three Weltpolitik or the desire for world power was popular in Germany France wanted revenge for the loss of Alsace and Lorraine England wanted to maintain its position as the leading imperial power

11 Balkans Serbia wanted Austria- Hungary out of the Balkans
Serbia wanted to form a Slavic state called Yugoslavia where they would be the main power Austria-Hungary was looking to maintain its power in the region Russia was looking to gain power by being seen as the protector of the Slavs

12 Assassination On June 28, 1914 Austrian Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated by a 17 year Bosnian Serb student According to their statements at trial the goal of the assassination was a symbolic act of protest None of the conspirators in the assassination were older than 27 Assassination occurred after one of the conspirators had failed to kill the arch duke with explosives The Arch Duke’s driver took a wrong turn on the way back to where the duke was staying and was forced to back up slowly going past a bar were one of the conspirators had gone to eat after their failure to kill the Duke A local crowd immediately captured the shooter

13 Who was to blame? The Bosnian Serbs who did the killing had no real plan and had in fact originally planned to kill the local governor The Austrian-Hungarians ignored advice that said this was a very bad time to visit Serbian intelligence officers provided the conspirators with information and weapons The Bosnian Serbs really had no intention of causing anything bigger and in fact can be said to have not fully thought this out In fact Austria-Hungary did receive reports from Serbia that an assassination was being planned but failed to take it seriously Serbian officers involved were part of a radical group called the Black Hand and did not have the support of either the government or the military

14 How did this lead to war? Austrians acted out against Slavs by arresting them and destroying their businesses Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian government for the assassination Austria-Hungary sought out the support of its ally Germany before taking any action at all Austrian-Hungarian demands of Serbia were deliberately designed to be to offensive for Serbia to accept and gave a 48 hour deadline Serbia initially stated that they could accept the demands with a few minor issues However when it became clear that Russia would support Serbia they stopped negotiating with Austria-Hungary In fairness to the Serbian government they did not sanction the assassination nor did the actual Serbian military However the Serbian government did find out about the plan and failed to fully pass the information along to the Austrian-Hungarians Austria-Hungary military leaders in fact desired to use this as an excuse for war against Serbia and Russia after which they would deal with Italy

15 Imperialism My country is bigger than yours

16 Colonies around the World in 1914

17 Imperialism Imperialism had for Europe provided a period of relative peace Wars were fought far away and were very short European countries competed with each other to have the most colonies Colonies provided European nations with a way of showing how powerful they were A part of a poem from the time goes: Whatever happens, we have got The Maxim gun, and they have not. Wars tended to be short and easy for Europeans due to a technological advantage over their opponents as seen in the poem statement Europeans thought since colonial wars were short and relatively bloodless a European war would be the same Europeans forgot that they would not have a technological advantage in a European war

18 Militarism Why arms races are bad

19 Naval Race In 1906 the British navy completed the HMS Dreadnought This ship was so revolutionary that all ships before it were classes as pre-dreadnought Germany and England then proceeded to get into a race to see who could produce the most of this new type of ship The dreadnought was not only the most heavily armed ship ever (it had 10 12” guns when the next best had 4, and it had 24 3” guns and 5 torpedo tubes), it could also fire more accurately at distance, and it was the first to be driven solely by steam powered turbines making it faster than any other war ship at 21 knots The creation of this ship was so revolutionary that it made others obsolete by comparison, and this lead to the naval race England strive to keep its traditional advantage of having 2x the number of battleships of the next best navy By the start of the war England had 38 dreadnoughts and dreadnought cruisers while Germany had 24

20 Military Spending In the years leading to WW I both Germany and France saw their armies more than double in size Prior to % of French men military age and 50% of Germany men had served in either the army or navy All the major powers except England had conscription Percentage Increase in Military Spending Size of Peacetime Army 1914 Britain 117 430,000 France 92 970,000 Russia 19 1,500,000 Germany 158 760,000 Austria Hungary 160 480,000

21 Everyone is Afraid Germany had long had the most powerful army in Europe German naval development was a threat to England Germany feared be encircled by enemies Austria-Hungary feared losing its place in the world Germany army was seen as a threat to France directly A Germany navy would threaten England with invasion as well as threaten English trade which relied on their naval power Germany feared attack from both sides – correctly as it would happen Austria Hungary having lost territory to Italy and Germany as well as Serbia feared growing nationalism would destroy its nation

22 The End Now off to the trenches Sources:
History Learning Site “The Naval Race ” Spartacus Educational “Dreadnought: World War I” Tonge, Stephen “Causes of the First World War” HIS 102 – Western Civilization II Lecture  8 -- A New World Order:  Imperialism and World War I 1996 Steven W. Sowards; used with permission. For additional information see

Download ppt "Who wanted this war anyway?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google