BUT... Major public funding Clearly quantified outputs (student numbers) High quality research Increasing external quality assurance
Summary Universities are in a very difficult position Everything is contestable Their structure is designed to deal with these ambiguities
Chancellor Privy Council Royal Charter (1451)
CourtSenate Chancellor Principal Privy Council
A note on Court Corporate style governance ($400m business) “small as possible, have a lay majority, limited staff and student representation and are distanced from universities’ work” Newman, THES 2010/2/8
Arts CourtSenate Chancellor Vice Principals Principal Learning and Teaching ResearchMedicineSocial Sc.Science Privy Council
Arts Learning and Teaching ResearchMedicineSocial Sc.Science 3 Deans (Research, Learning and Teaching, Graduate Studies) 5 Heads of School
QA in the last twenty years MASSIVE increase The Audit Society (Power, 1994) Increased surveillance at every level of the university
Institution Enhancement-Led Institutional Review Research Assessment Exercise Learning and Teaching Plan (also College) Rankings
Subject Annual Programme Monitoring Reviews Course evaluations End of year reviews Periodical subject reviews Internal reviews Academic standards committee
Role of the students
Committees Staff Student Liaison Committees Almost all other committees to do with Learning and Teaching, including Senate
Surveys International Student Barometer First year survey Postgraduate Taught Experience Survey Postgraduate research Experience Survey Course Evaluations
Does all the QA activity help? Probably not Overlapping Contradictory Too much information Often badly designed by non-academics EXPENSIVE
Issues facing Scottish universities
£££ Transfer of costs from government to students 2011-2012 tuition support down 11%, capital down 38% Less research money (most from central government) Difference between Scottish (£0) and rest of UK (£9000) fees
Other Changing interests and enrolments Sheer scale Aging infrastructure
Can academic and corporate management sit alongside each other? Probably not. The relationship is quite strained already, and it seems likely that the two will become more distinct.
What will replace mass higher education? Most likely more specialised institutions; a division between teaching and research universities, possubly between UG and Graduate focus
What does this mean for academic freedom and institutional autonomy? It’s not clear. It’s useful to the State to have universities nominally independent, so that will continue. Univerisities in the UK will take a long time to gather the resources to step away from the State. Research and teaching will be more shaped by the market.
Universities are no longer a place outside social forces to reflect upon them; they now directly reflect those forces.