Presentation on theme: "Night by Elie Wiesel The story of a young Jewish boy sent to the concentration camps during the Holocaust Story of his struggle to survive, his struggle."— Presentation transcript:
1Night by Elie WieselThe story of a young Jewish boy sent to the concentration camps during the HolocaustStory of his struggle to survive, his struggle to keep his family together, and his struggle with God.
2I. Elie WieselGrew up in an orthodox Jewish community within Sighet, a small town in Romania.The town was isolated from world events until Nazis captured the town in 1944.
3After the war, Wiesel lived in France Elie was 15 years oldSent to AuschwitzAfter the war, Wiesel lived in FranceDidn’t write about his concentration camp experiences until 10 years later – due to a vow of silence
8WW II Background & The Holocaust Germany was crippled by the Great Depression. React with the rise of the Nazi party.Believed the Aryan race (Germans and Northern Europeans) should rule the world.“Final Solution” – elimination of all Jews. Estimated 6 million Jews are killed in concentration camps.
9Gradually stripped Jews of their rights: Boycotted Jewish businessesVandalized Jewish businesses and homesForced to wear a yellow Star of David
10Eventually barred Jews from public facilities Transported to ghettos – “for their own safety”Sent to concentration campsghettos: The Nazis revived the medieval term ghetto to describe their device of concentration and control, the compulsory "Jewish Quarter." Ghettos were usually established in the poor sections of a city, where most of the Jews from the city and surrounding areas were subsequently forced to reside. Often surrounded by barbed wire or walls, the ghettos were sealed. Established mostly in eastern Europe (e.g., Lodz, Warsaw, Vilna, Riga, or Minsk), the ghettos were characterized by overcrowding, malnutrition, and heavy labor. All were eventually dissolved, and the Jews murdered.
12Entrance to Auschwitz II (Birkenau), the main extermination camp, in 2002
13Entrance to Auschwitz in 1941 Entrance to Auschwitz in The slogan Arbeit macht frei over the gate translates as "Work (shall) make (you) free" (or "work liberates")
14Selection for DeathSelection at the Birkenau ramp, 1944 — Birkenau main entrance visible in the background
15Auschwitz is the name used to identify the three main Nazi German concentration camps and the subcamps.The three main camps were:Auschwitz I—the original concentration campwhich served as the administration center for thewhole complex. It was the site of roughly 70,000Polish intellectuals, gay men and Soviet Prisoners of War
16Auschwitz II (Birkenau)—an extermination Auschwitz II (Birkenau)—an extermination camp and the site of the deaths of roughly1 million Jews, 75,000 Poles, gay men and some19,000 Roma (also known as gypsies)Auschwitz III (Monowitz)—served as a laborcamp.
17The total number of deaths at the camps is estimated at around 1-1 The total number of deaths at the camps is estimated at around million.About 700 prisoners attempted escape from the camps; about 300 were successful. Common punishment for escape attempts was death by starvation. The families of successful escapees were sometimes arrested and interned in Auschwitz and displayed to deter others from trying to escape.
21(Above) Left - An enormous pile of clothing taken from children who were gassed at Auschwitz. Right - Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn. (Below) After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.
22Why should we read this memoir and why should teachers teach it? The following statement from Holocaust survivor Cham Ginot provides some things to ponder…
23I am a survivor of a concentration camp I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no man should witness: Gas chambers built by learned engineers, children poisoned by educated physicians, infants killed by trained nurses, women and babies shot and buried by high school and college graduates. So I am suspicious of education. My request is: Help your students to become human. Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, educated Eichmanns. Reading, writing and arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more human Chaim Ginott, 1972
24Response Notebook # A.What is your reaction to the previous statement? B. What are your thoughts at this point about reading a memoir of Holocaust survival?C. What do you already know about the Holocaust?D. What are some questions you’d like to learn the answers to about the Holocaust?