Layered Clothing Insulated hiking boots with gaiters or warm winter boots (Sorels) Sunglasses or ski goggles (UV protection) Fleece, polypropylene, and wool clothing is best for under layers Outer layer: Jacket with hood (nylon or Gore-tex) Gloves and mittens (mittens for staying warm – gloves for performing tasks) Wind pants (Nylon or Gore-tex) Thermal underwear When Sleeping Have dry clothes reserved for sleeping Warm touque because heat is lost through the head Layered clothing Warm (wool) socks Vapour barriers While sleeping put a garbage bag, reflective blanket, etc. on top of you in your sleeping bag. Make sure you are wearing moister wicking clothing so you don’t get sweaty. Your body should adjust to the humid environment and your moisture wicking clothing should stay dry. This will keep you warm when your sleeping bag does not provide adequate warmth.
Setting up a Tent Choose a location: -not directly under trees -out of the wind -not near a rotten tree that could fall -possibly exposed to sunlight in the morning Ground Preparation -Stomp and pack down snow for a fire and your tent -make a level surface for tent
Use a windscreen such as a snow wall or tree cover Sit on a snow chair with your backpack underneath or a log Canister stoves use compressed gas which is not as effective in the cold because the gas is not as pressurized when it cools. When it is very cold it may be a better idea to cook on a fire Pack snow into a pot and boil it on a fire or stove or use a stream or lake and boil water from there To prevent the top of your water bottle from freezing carry it upside-down so that ice forms at the bottom of you bottle first Try to avoid using dishes but if you have to wash them with boiled water and ensure that you dry them with a towel immediately after so that ice doesn’t form
Synthetic or down sleeping bag with an overbag and or vapor barrier liner Ensolite foam pad ½” or thermarest pad Unleash the beast before you go to bed because your body uses energy in the night to keep it warm (plus you don’t want to go out in the cold in the middle of the night to freeze your important parts) If someone is cold in the night everyone in the tent should get up and build a fire to warm up.
Bury your #2s in the snow and always pack out your toilet paper or burn it. Alternatively you can do your wiping with a snow ball and then throw it at mark Designate a general area to do your business and when you are done mark your specific area with a stick so someone doesn’t step on your #2
Choose a spot away from trees so that the heat doesn’t cause snow to fall off the trees and put out your fire Pack down area for your fire Small fire so that you don’t use us fire wood rapidly (small fires are also better for cooking) You could have a couple fires if you have several people