Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Professional Ethics University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012 University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Professional Ethics University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012 University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Professional Ethics University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012 University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012

2 2 Web version available at

3 3 Ethics – Absolute or Relative “Relativity applies to physics, not ethics.” – Albert Einstein Relative to profession Absolute within profession

4 4 Is “ Actuary ” a Profession?

5 5 Requirements 1.Skilled intellectual technique 2.Voluntary association 3.Code of conduct and enforcement

6 6 Characteristics 1.Intensive training 2.Public perception of skill 3.Primacy of public interest

7 7 Is “ Actuary ” a Profession?

8 8 R1: Skilled intellectual technique Degree in actuarial science Not enough for fellowship

9 9 R2: Voluntary association Act of incorporation

10 10 R3: Code of conduct Guiding Principle #3 The Institute develops standards of professional practice and codes of conduct and, through its disciplinary process, ensures their compliance by its members.

11 11 C1: Intensive training Know it “cold” Pass rates PEC

12 12 C2: Public perception of skill Positive anecdotes

13 13 C3: Primacy of public interest Guiding Principle #1 In carrying on its activities and programs, the Institute holds the duty of the profession to the public above the needs of the profession and its members.

14 14 Public Interest - Collective Maintain competence, integrity Keep the spirit of the law Follow rules of conduct

15 15 Public Interest - Clients Direct, personal and fiduciary Only appropriate advice Ensure understanding

16 16 Public Interest - Regulation Codified conduct Codified practice Disciplinary process

17 17 Conclusion Actuaries are a profession You are on the path to becoming a professional

18 18 Agenda – Professionalism Introduction Primary documents Rules Standards Discipline

19 19 Structure - Guidance Act of Incorporation Bylaws Guiding Principles Rules of Professional Conduct Standards of Practice Educational Notes

20 20 Act of Incorporation Federal act

21 21 Bylaws Governance structure Responsibilities Discipline Requirements of membership

22 22 Guiding Principles What we must do May not be changed without member vote

23 23 Agenda Introduction Primary documents Rules Standards Discipline

24 24 Rules of Professional Conduct Conduct vs. Work Ethics No exceptions

25 25 Rule 1 A member shall act honestly, with integrity and competence, and in a manner to fulfill the profession’s responsibility to the public and to uphold the reputation of the actuarial profession.

26 26 When is a professional not a professional?

27 27 Rule 1 A member shall act honestly, with integrity and competence, and in a manner to fulfill the profession’s responsibility to the public and to uphold the reputation of the actuarial profession.

28 28 Annotation 1-1 A member shall perform professional services with skill and care.

29 29 Annotation 1-2 It is the professional responsibility of the member not to be associated with anything which the member knows or should know is false or misleading.

30 30 Annotation 1-3 A member shall not engage in any professional conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation or commit any act that reflects adversely on the actuarial profession.

31 31 Rule 2 A member shall perform professional services only when the member is qualified to do so and meets applicable qualification standards.

32 32 Rule 2 A member shall perform professional services only when the member is qualified to do so and meets applicable qualification standards.

33 33 Rule 2 A member shall perform professional services only when the member is qualified to do so and meets applicable qualification standards.

34 34 CPD Continuing Professional Development Minimum 100 hours over 2 years Annual filing Necessary, but not sufficient

35 35 Rule 3 A member shall ensure that professional services performed by or under the direction of the member meet applicable standards of practice.

36 36 Rule 3 A member shall ensure that professional services performed by or under the direction of the member meet applicable standards of practice.

37 37 Rule 5 A member shall not perform professional services involving an actual or potential conflict of interest unless: (a) … ability to act fairly is unimpaired, (b) … full and timely disclosure (c) all … direct users have expressly agreed …

38 38 Rule 5 A member shall not perform professional services involving an actual or potential conflict of interest unless: (a) …ability to act fairly is unimpaired, (b) … full and timely disclosure (c) all … direct users have expressly agreed …

39 39 Rule 5 A member shall not perform professional services involving an actual or potential conflict of interest unless: (a) … ability to act fairly is unimpaired, (b) … full and timely disclosure (c) all … direct users have expressly agreed …

40 40 Rule 5 A member shall not perform professional services involving an actual or potential conflict of interest unless: (a) … ability to act fairly is unimpaired, (b) … full and timely disclosure (c) all … direct users have expressly agreed …

41 41 Rule 6 A member who performs professional services shall take reasonable steps to ensure that such services are not used to mislead other parties or to violate or evade the law.

42 42 Rule 7 A member shall not disclose to another party any confidential information obtained through a professional assignment... unless expressly or implicitly authorized to do so by the client or employer, or required to do so under Rule 13, or …

43 43 Rule 8 A member shall perform professional services with courtesy and professional respect, shall avoid unjustifiable or improper criticism of other members, and shall cooperate with others in the client’s or employer’s interest.

44 44 Rule 8 A member shall perform professional services with courtesy and professional respect, shall avoid unjustifiable or improper criticism of other members, and shall cooperate with others in the client’s or employer’s interest.

45 45 Rule 11 A member shall be subject to the Institute’s disciplinary procedures if the member is convicted or found guilty of or pleads guilty to any criminal or similar offence.

46 46 Rule 13 A member who becomes aware of an apparent material noncompliance with the Rules or the standards of practice by another member shall attempt to discuss the situation with the other member and resolve the apparent noncompliance.

47 47 Rule 13 In the absence of such discussion and resolution, the member shall report such apparent noncompliance to the Committee on Professional Conduct

48 48 Ethical Challenges Pressure from client or manager Rules/Standards protect you Justifying vs. rationalizing Rule 3

49 49 Ethical Challenges Errors Still human Disclose and correct Don’t cover it up Rule 1

50 50 Ethical Challenges Area of competence Opinions within specialty Some knowledge is not enough Rule 2

51 Case Study You are Fran Fraser, FCIA, responsible for product pricing. You recently hired Abe Acker, ACIA from a competitor. You have assigned him to work on pricing a new product. Abe tells you that he worked on pricing a similar product for his prior company. He offers you a copy of the pricing report. 51

52 Case Study What are the ethical issues? What action should Fran take? 52

53 Case Study Primary focus: rectification Secondary focus: making Abe into a professional 53

54 54 Agenda Introduction Structure Primary documents Rules Standards Discipline

55 55 Standards of Practice Work vs. Ethics Exceptions can be justified

56 Accepted Actuarial … The actuary should conform to accepted actuarial practice except when it conflicts with law or the terms of an appropriate engagement…

57 Accepted Actuarial …... A user of the actuary’s work may assume that it is in accordance with accepted actuarial practice except when the actuary reports otherwise.

58 Appropriate engagement An appropriate engagement is one that does not impair the actuary’s ability to conform to the rules... An engagement that leads to deviation from … standards and even to a deviation from accepted actuarial practice may be an appropriate engagement in the circumstances.

59 Approximation …approximation pervades virtually all work and affects the application of nearly all standards. The words “approximation” and “approximate” seldom appear in the standards, but are understood throughout them.

60 Selection of Assumptions The assumptions that the actuary selects or for which the actuary takes responsibility … should be appropriate in the aggregate. These assumptions should also be independently reasonable...

61 Selection of Assumptions The assumptions that the actuary selects or for which the actuary takes responsibility … should be appropriate in the aggregate. These assumptions should also be independently reasonable...

62 Selection of Assumptions The assumptions that the actuary selects or for which the actuary takes responsibility … should be appropriate in the aggregate. These assumptions should also be independently reasonable...

63 63 Agenda Introduction Primary documents Rules Standards Discipline

64 64 Discipline Bylaw 20 Protect the public Protect the member Confidential until charged Public hearing Public result

65 65 Discipline - Sanctions (Private admonishment) Public reprimand Suspension from CIA Expulsion from CIA Refresher training Fine and/or costs

66 66 Agenda Introduction Structure Primary documents Rules Standards Discipline

67 67 Vision Members of the CIA are recognized as trusted leaders in the quantification and management of risks and contingent events.

68 68 Questions / Comments


Download ppt "1 Professional Ethics University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012 University of Waterloo Bob Howard 24 October 2012."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google