Differing World Views To follow the original instructions given by the Creator means that human beings must learn to live in a state of co-existence with all of their relations who are the other life forms present within the Creation. This is knowledge and skill which must be passed down from generation to generation. To follow the original instructions given by God means that human beings must learn to dominate over the earth and all other living forms are for the betterment of the human being. This knowledge and skill must be passed down from generation to generation. Illustrations by Rebecca Chartrand, Aboriginal Education Consultant, The Winnipeg School Division Collective WorldviewIndividualistic Worldview
Your worldview is shaped by your culture and experiences, and it affects every aspect of your life. People from different cultures have different ways of seeing, explaining, and living within the world. They have different ideas about what things are most important, which behaviours are desirable or acceptable, and how all parts of the world relate to each other. Together these opinions and beliefs form a worldview, the perspective from which people perceive, understand, and respond to the world around them. Aboriginal Studies 10 Aboriginal Perspectives Worldviews
All First Nations and Inuit cultures share a strong bond with nature. Their “ways of being” are closely linked to the land. It is impossible to separate the foundation of all these cultures-their spirituality- from their connections to the land. Why is the land so important in First Nation cultures? For some First Nations, Medicine Wheel teachings provide listeners with a means of understanding and improving themselves and their world from a spiritual perspective. In First Nation and Inuit worldviews, the entire universe has spirit, and the Creator is present in everything. This worldview is typically represented as a circle. Collective World View Influence
The Seven Teachings Since time began, First Nations people have had ways of living which sustained them. Each cultural group had their way of governing themselves. For the First Nations of North America (Turtle Island) in the area now known as Manitoba (manitdoo ha bey), the 7 teachings are sacred laws given to the people from the Creator. The seven teachings are rooted in oral tradition and every effort to validate oral tradition needs to be included when using the seven teachings in learning models and lesson plans.
Oral Tradition: An Oral Tradition is a culture’s collection of spoken words that have been handed down for generations…This tradition may include epic poems, prayers, speeches, spiritual teachings, songs, stories, and histories. Repetition is a central part of the oral tradition. The words are heard many times through- out a person’s life… Eventually they become an integral part of an individual’s sense of identity and everyday life. Aboriginal Perspectives – Oral Tradition p. 38
Seven Teachings & Medicine Wheel North Mind Reason/Purpose Fire Earth Water Air East Spirit Related South Emotion Equality West Body Non - judgemental Love Humility Courage Respect Honesty Wisdom Truth
Lessons Elements of Thought Information: Data, facts, observations, experience Interpretation & Inference: Conclusions, solutions Concepts: Theories, definitions, axioms, laws, principles, models Assumptions: Presuppositions, taking for granted Implications and Consequences Points of View: Frame of reference, perspective, orientation Purpose of the Thinking: Goal, objective Question at Issue: Problems, issues YOUTH ADULT ELDER INFANT AFFECTIVE PSYCHOMOTOR SPIRITUAL COGNITIVE Circle Learning Model
Designing Lesson Plans and activities that will incorporate the integrated models ensuring that it follows the medicine wheel concept of head, heart, hands and spiritual ApplicationAnalysis Evaluation SynthesisKnowledge Comprehension Logical/Mathematical Bodily/Kinaesthetic IntrapersonalVisual/Spatial NaturalistMusical InterpersonalVerbal/Linguistics Integration of Bloom’s Taxonomy and Multi-Intelligence Models (Learning Model) Used with sensitivity to university intellectual standards Clarity Accuracy Depth Significance Precision Relevance
Model of Curriculum Theory 1.Design foundation from circle learning a) The Aboriginal Shield Program will be structured on the Circle Learning Model (attached) b) All lessons must include the cognitive, affective, psychomotor and spiritual aspects of the wheel c) All lessons will incorporate the philosophy of critical thinking (in circle learning model) d) The lessons will be structured and function from the Learning Model (see attached) e) Ceremony is an important part of reinforcing and facilitating learning as well as celebrating success. All programs upon completion must have a celebration
Model of Curriculum Theory 2.Design Lesson plans based on Bloom’s Mulitiple Intelligences a) Multiple intelligence checklists and score sheet b) Explanation of Bloom’s Taxonomy c) Specific and detailed lesson plan format (i.e. attached d) Pre facilitator lessons, facilitator lessons, follow up lessons and homework e) Games and activities must be integrated with all lesson plans f) Pre lesson evaluation g) Post evaluation for each lesson 3.Evaluate from the 40 Assets Model, and try to hit at least 30 of the items (attached)
Principle Look (Seeing) What will we looking at? Listen (Hearing) What will we listen to? Learn (Programming) What will we learn? Live (Enacting) How will we behave? To cherish knowledge is to seek wisdom To know love is to find peace To honour all of creation is to have respect Courage is to face life with integrity Honesty in facing a situation is to be brave Humility is to know yourself as a sacred part of creation Truth is to know all of these things Questions to ask about the Principles of Aboriginal Education Adopted from Inner City Council Workshop: Principles of Aboriginal Education
Examples of books: Love: Mama Do You Love Me? By Barbara M. Joosse Humility: Sky Sisters by Jan Bordeau Waboose Examples of 7 Teachings found in Literature The following examples provided by: Nichola Batzel: Aboriginal Education Support Teacher North District Courage: Knots on a Counting Rope by Bill Martin Jr. and John Archambault Respect: A Name for Métis by Deborah L. Delaronde Honesty: A Promise is a Promise by Robert Munsch and Michael Kusugak Wisdom: Hide and Sneak by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak. Truth: The Rough Faced Girl by Rafe Martin and David Shannon
7 Teachings By: Scott Boult Grade 516 Class Champlain School Champlain School presents one of the teachings each month at an assembly. This poster was presented at an assembly by a group of grade 5/6 students. They also wrote and said a poem about love.
Bloom’s Gardner’s KnowledgeComprehensionApplicationsAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation Verbal/Linguistic Visual / Spatial Logical / Mathematical Naturalist Musical Bodily / Kinaesthetic Intrapersonal Interpersonal Existential List the seven teachings on flipchart paper with a picture that illustrates the teaching. Have the children count how many pictures there are
Awareness List the seven teachings on flipchart paper with a picture that illustrates the teaching. Have the children count how many pictures there are Experiential Relational Cognitive Intuitive
http://www.wsd1.org/nijimahkwa/the7teachings.html Code Of Behaviour Knowledge - Love - Honesty - Courage - Honour - Humility – Truth Code Of Behaviour: Four Parts Of Being Each of the parts make a personal whole and when balanced healthy relationships are possible. The Code Of Behaviour are expectations that will ensure the potential for these healthy relations. The Four Parts Of Being are Physical, Emotional, Mental and Spiritual. PhysicalEmotionalMental Spiritual The Seven Teachings To cherish knowledge is to find wisdom. To know love is to find peace. To honour all of creation is to have respect. Courage is to face life with integrity. Honesty in facing a situation is to be brave. Humility is to know yourself as a sacred part of creation. Truth is to know all these things. The staff, students and parents of Niji Mahkwa have committed to honour these Seven Teachings in their relationships with each other.
Grades: Goal: For students to count to 7 and be exposed to positive imagery of Aboriginal people Objectives (Outcomes): 5-KL-017 Describe practices and beliefs that reflect First Peoples’ connections with the land and natural environment N-I.1.0 Counts the number of objects in a set Materials:Flipchart paper, pictures from magazine, internet, etc., tape Resources:- Wpg. School Division Aboriginal Education Staff to assist with any questions regarding lesson plan, resources, or cultural advisement - First Nations in Manitoba Traditions Guide Steps in Lesson:a) Put pictures that represent each one of the seven teachings on a flipchart paper (pics of Aborignal people, positive environments) b) Ask students to comment on what they see in the pictures c) Ask students to count each picture d) Are there items in the pictures that could be counted?
Respecting oral tradition and teachings Sense of cultural pride and identity for Aboriginal students; a sense of belonging Fostering a sense of pride and appreciation for Aboriginal culture Increased likelihood of success Aboriginal Education
Background: About the Aboriginal Learner Aboriginal people have had to contend with a history of oppressive experience that has essentially worked to disrupt their aboriginal identity. Identity is ones sense of self Prior to contact native socio-cultural mechanisms were in place for meeting the psychological, emotional, physical and spiritual needs of the people.