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Bow Hunting Component.  Why we Bow Hunt.  Challenge  Longer Seasons  Less Pressure.

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Presentation on theme: "Bow Hunting Component.  Why we Bow Hunt.  Challenge  Longer Seasons  Less Pressure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bow Hunting Component

2  Why we Bow Hunt.  Challenge  Longer Seasons  Less Pressure

3  Bows have been used for hunting for thousands of years.  Modern bow hunting began with Saxon Pope and Arthur Young in the early 20 th century  Doug Easton invented aluminum arrows in the 1940’s  Fred Bear, Earl Hoyt, Ben Pearson developed equipment 1950s- 1970s.  Holless Allen and Tom Jennings developed the compound bow in 1966.

4  Bowhunting and Its Benefits Bowhunting: the act of pursuing or taking wild game animals using a bow and arrow. Benefits of bowhunting: – Recreational – Economic – Educational – Cultural ▲ Social ▲ Therapeutic ▲ Health

5  Season time and length  40 lbs draw weight  24 in arrow  No Crossbow for now unless you have a medical permit from your Dr.

6   Five key rules:  Only point the bow and arrow in a safe direction.  Only nock an arrow when it’s safe to shoot.  Be sure of your target and what is in front of it, immediately behind it and beyond it.  Never shoot over a ridge.  Only shoot when you have a safe range or shooting area, and a safe backstop or background.  ONLY FIRE A BOW WHEN AN ARROW IS NOCKED ON THE STRING

7  Supplement archery safety rules.  Five key rules:  Hunt and shoot within your own physical limitations.  Let family or friends know exactly where you will be hunting.  Carry basic survival gear every time you go afield, even for short hikes.

8  ▲ Always carry broadheads in a sturdy quiver that fully covers razor-sharp blades. ▲ Dress properly for the worst weather conditions you expect to encounter.

9   Tree stand hunting can be dangerous.  Falls from tree stands can cause serious injury – even death.  More likely to cause fatality than any other bowhunting accident.  NBEF recommends a Treestand Manufacturers Association approved full body harness.

10   Conditions that contribute to accidents:  Long hours sitting on stand.  Poor bowhunting technique.  Behavior/attitudes that lead to falls:  Complacency  Poor judgment  Carelessness

11  To be a responsible bow hunter, you must:  Be accountable for your actions.  Follow legal and ethical guidelines.

12 Words that define a responsible bow hunter:  Safety conscious  Principled  Prepared  Marksman  Law-abiding  Respectful

13   Respect the Landowner  Treat the landowner’s property as if it were your own.  Ask permission before entering private land.  Leave gates open or closed as you find them (or as requested by the landowner).  Drive only on existing roads.

14  Read instructions that come with your stand.  Know proper set-up procedure as recommended by the Treestand Manufacturers Association.  Step down into the tree stand when getting into the stand.  Use only stands approved by the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association.  Attach yourself to the tree at all times: when climbing in, while on the platform, and when climbing down.  Use a haul line to bring gear up and down from your platform.

15  Before you venture afield with a bow and arrow you should know about how it works, how it kills, and its limitations.

16  Long Bow  Recurve  Compound

17   Traditional bow.  Used by hunters interested in using minimal equipment when hunting.

18   Limbs shorter than longbow and curved back.  Smooth, quiet and fast-shooting.  Pistol-style grip.

19   Most popular type of bow.  Wheels and cams reduce draw weight by 50% or more.

20   Must be matched to:  Draw length  Draw weight  Incorrect draw length hurts performance.  If the draw weight is too heavy, you can’t fully draw bow.  Should be able to hold bow arm parallel to the ground and pull straight back.

21  An arrow has four basic parts.

22   Mismatched arrows may not fly correctly or accurately.  Arrows that are too light have the same effect as a “dry fire” on your bow

23  Arrow Spine and “Archer’s Paradox”  Spine: degree of stiffness/resistance to bending.  “Archer’s Paradox”: arrow bends when released from the bow. Archers ParadoxArchers Paradox  Spine strength must be matched to the bow.  Use arrow manufacturer’s chart.

24   Stabilizes flight by causing shaft to spin.  Preserves speed and accuracy.  Made of plastic or feathers.  Three types:  Straight  Helical  Flu-flu

25  Straight  Most common fletching arrangement.  Typically three fletches are glued symmetrically onto the shaft 120 degrees apart.

26  Helical  Fletches are glued on the shaft in a slight spiral fashion.  Fletches may also be glued on at a slight diagonal to the long axis of the arrow shaft.

27  Flu-Flu  Fletch composed of one or more turkey wing feathers.  Increased wind resistance reduces arrow speed.  Perfect for squirrel or game bird hunting.

28  Bullet Point or Field Point  Target and practice shooting.  Should be matched to the grain weight of big game broadheads.

29  Judo ®  Field practice and roving.  Small, protruding wire springs prevent the arrow from disappearing in groundcover.  Weigh the same as most popular big game broadheads.

30  Blunt  For small game animals, such as rabbits and squirrels.  Square-tipped.  Made of steel or plastic materials.

31  Bowfishing  Designed to penetrate the hard scales of carp, gar and other rough fish.  Equipped with a strong barb.

32  Removable Blade  Blades are replaceable.

33  Optional Items  Bow sights  Cable/string silencers  Limb/accessory silencers  Stabilizers  Arrow rest assembly  Kisser button  Peep sight

34   Shoot five arrows at a sight-in target.  Place a grouping.  Adjust sights to move grouping to bull’s-eye.  Move bow sight in opposite direction you want the grouping to move.  Continue adjusting and shooting until grouping is in bull’s-eye.

35   A poorly tuned bow produces poor arrow performance:  Fishtailing: arrow moves from side to side.  Porpoising: arrow moves up and down.  To tune your bow:  Move the nocking point up or down.  Move the arrow rest assembly from side to side.

36   Begin practice months before the season.  Top bowhunters practice year-round.  Practice with the arrow tips you’ll hunt with.  Tune your bow.  Fix equipment problems.

37   Actual Distance Judging  Markers  Subtending  Range Finders

38   Still Hunting, Stalking and Glassing  Blinds  Elevated Stands  Tree Stand Safety  Scents and Lures  Game Calls

39   Still hunting: moving slowly through woods until you spot game.  Stalking: approaching game after you spot it.  Glassing: searching for game with binoculars from one location.

40  Placement  Close to game food sources, trails or watering holes.  Downwind or crosswind.

41   The treestand is the most common type.  Treestands manufactured by the Treestand Manufacturers Association are recommended due to rigorous manufacturing standards.  Always remain attached to the tree when climbing into, during or getting down from a stand or when attaching a stand to the tree.

42   The full-body harness is recommended by the National Bowhunter Education Foundation.  Belts can cause internal injuries and death by asphyxiation.  A full-body harness better distributes the shock of fall comfortably.

43   Always use a haul line of heavy cord to raise and lower gear.  Before you climb, place your bow and quiver away from your climbing route.  Maintain secure connection to the tree at all times, especially when moving into or out of the stand.  After you are securely on your platform, haul up your gear.


45   How bullets kill:  High-energy impact.  Crush tissue and bone.  May knock down animal.  How arrows kill:  Low-energy impact.  Cut vital tissues.

46   Cuts blood vessels.  Produces massive blood loss – death by hemorrhagic shock.  May puncture lungs.  May disrupt heart muscle.  Time of death after impact:  Minutes to several hours.  Depends on animal’s size, where it’s hit.

47   Deeper penetration.  Cause more bleeding.  More likely to pass through animal.  Entry and exit wounds make trailing easier.

48  Correct shot placement required for:  Quick, clean kill.  Ease of retrieval.

49    Chest Cavity: the main vital area.  Primary target.  Best shot to hit vital organs on deer-size animals: angling or quartering away (45 degrees).  Second-best shot: broadside.  Double-lung hit.  Good blood trail.  Animal drops within short distance.

50   Varies according to species.  Aiming zone on a whitetail deer:  Just behind the front leg, approximately the size of a paper plate.  Focus on quarter-size spot in the middle of the “plate.”

51   “Buck Fever” frequently causes bowhunters to miss shot opportunities.  To avoid “Buck Fever:”  Plan  Select possible pick-off points, shot angles.  Visualize animal’s approach.  Take practice shots.

52   Proper shot angle critical for clean kill.  Broadside  Best shot for largest big game animals.  Shortest distance through chest cavity.  Produces entry and exit wounds.  Increases blood loss.  Best angle for double-lung hit.

53   Broadside  Avoid shoulder blade – wait until front leg is forward.  Animal should be looking away from you or feeding.

54   Quartering Away  Good angle for whitetail deer and big game of similar size.  Left front leg is reference point when aiming.  Not a good shot for larger game

55  Game flinches at the sound of released string.  Body drops below arrow as game prepares to jump.  To minimize problems:  Shoot well within effective range.  Shoot only a quiet, well-tuned bow.  Shoot only unalarmed deer.

56   Often referred to as the “second hunt.”  Bowhunters have a responsibility to recover wounded game.

57  A successful recovery requires:  Proper shot placement.  Knowledge of tracking and reading game sign.  Attention to visual and auditory clues immediately after the shot.  Knowing when and how to begin tracking.  Attention to trailing details.  A stick-to-it attitude.  Recovery strategies.  Patience.

58  Bowhunters must note the following after they shoot:  Where the arrow strikes the animal.  How far the arrow penetrates – may pass through.  Where the arrow hits the ground if it passes through.  How the arrow strike sounds.  How the animal reacts after the strike.  Which way the animal runs out of sight.  Sounds of the animal’s flight.  Time and landmarks around shooting area.

59   Chest wound: wait 20-30 minutes.  Gut shot: wait at least six hours.  Gut-shot deer require a longer wait because:  They are still very mobile.  Your approach may spook them.  They can travel a great distance before collapsing.  If you’re not sure where it’s hit, wait 30-60 minutes.

60   Approach carefully.  Look carefully for blood, hair or the arrow.  Move in direction animal headed.  Look for blood on leaves, rocks and logs.  Walk on side of escape route.  Mark location of blood sign.  Always scan ahead for the animal.

61  Yields two types of information:  Direction animal is traveling.  Where the arrow hit.  Lungs (frothy blood)  Gut (greenish, tallow or clear fluids)

62  If you lose sign:  Go back to last marker.  Begin methodical search.  Use grid pattern.  Be aware of wildlife activities that could signal downed deer.  If necessary, search from the beginning.  Don’t give up until all possibilities have been exhausted.

63  Would you “Shoot” or “Don’t Shoot” each of these? Would you “Shoot” or “Don’t Shoot” each of these?

64  Point  Nock  Shaft  Fletching

65  Target  Field tip  Blunt  Judo  Broadhead  Broadheads are used to hunt big game.


67  Long Bow  Recurve bow  Compound Bow

68  40 pounds

69  A bow stringing device

70 To use a cord to pull it up.

71  Is hung horizontally on a wall rack or vertically on a hook.

72  The point on the face that the bow is drawn to and it should always remain the same.

73  WMU 410 near Canmore

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