2Introduction of Bow Hunting Why we Bow Hunt.ChallengeLonger SeasonsLess Pressure
3History of Bow HuntingBows have been used for hunting for thousands of years.Modern bow hunting began with Saxon Pope and Arthur Young in the early 20th centuryDoug Easton invented aluminum arrows in the 1940’sFred Bear, Earl Hoyt, Ben Pearson developed equipment 1950s- 1970s.Holless Allen and Tom Jennings developed the compound bow in 1966.
4Bowhunting and Its Benefits Bowhunting: the act of pursuing or taking wild game animals using a bow and arrow.Benefits of bowhunting:RecreationalEconomicEducationalCulturalSocialTherapeuticHealth
5Legal Requirements Season time and length 40 lbs draw weight 24 in arrowNo Crossbow for now unless you have a medical permit from your Dr.
6Archery Safety Five key rules: Only point the bow and arrow in a safe direction.Only nock an arrow when it’s safe to shoot.Be sure of your target and what is in front of it, immediately behind it and beyond it.Never shoot over a ridge.Only shoot when you have a safe range or shooting area, and a safe backstop or background.ONLY FIRE A BOW WHEN AN ARROW IS NOCKED ON THE STRING
7Saftey Supplement archery safety rules. Five key rules: Hunt and shoot within your own physical limitations.Let family or friends know exactly where you will be hunting.Carry basic survival gear every time you go afield, even for short hikes.
8Bowhunting Safety (cont.) Always carry broadheads in a sturdy quiver that fully covers razor-sharp blades.Dress properly for the worst weather conditions you expect to encounter.
9Tree Stand Safety Tree stand hunting can be dangerous. Falls from tree stands can cause serious injury – even death.More likely to cause fatality than any other bowhunting accident.NBEF recommends a Treestand Manufacturers Association approved full body harness.
10Tree Stand Safety (cont.) Conditions that contribute to accidents:Long hours sitting on stand.Poor bowhunting technique.Behavior/attitudes that lead to falls:ComplacencyPoor judgmentCarelessness
11A Responsible Bowhunter To be a responsible bow hunter, you must:Be accountable for your actions.Follow legal and ethical guidelines.
12Words that define a responsible bow hunter: Safety consciousPrincipledPreparedMarksmanLaw-abidingRespectful
13Bowhunting Responsibilities (cont.) Respect the LandownerTreat the landowner’s property as if it were your own.Ask permission before entering private land.Leave gates open or closed as you find them (or as requested by the landowner).Drive only on existing roads.
14Recommendations for Using Elevated Stands Read instructions that come with your stand.Know proper set-up procedure as recommended by the Treestand Manufacturers Association.Step down into the tree stand when getting into the stand.Use only stands approved by the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association.Attach yourself to the tree at all times: when climbing in, while on the platform, and when climbing down.Use a haul line to bring gear up and down from your platform.
15Your Bow and ArrowBefore you venture afield with a bow and arrow you should know about how it works, how it kills, and its limitations.
17Longbow Traditional bow. Used by hunters interested in using minimal equipment when hunting.
18Recurve Bow Limbs shorter than longbow and curved back. Smooth, quiet and fast-shooting.Pistol-style grip.
19Compound Bow Most popular type of bow. Wheels and cams reduce draw weight by 50% or more.
20Matching Your Bow With Your Abilities Must be matched to:Draw lengthDraw weightIncorrect draw length hurts performance.If the draw weight is too heavy, you can’t fully draw bow.Should be able to hold bow arm parallel to the ground and pull straight back.
22Matching Arrows With Your Bow Mismatched arrows may not fly correctly or accurately.Arrows that are too light have the same effect as a “dry fire” on your bow
23Matching Arrows With Your Bow (cont.) Arrow Spine and “Archer’s Paradox”Spine: degree of stiffness/resistance to bending.“Archer’s Paradox”: arrow bends when released from the bow. Archers ParadoxSpine strength must be matched to the bow.Use arrow manufacturer’s chart.
24Stabilizes flight by causing shaft to spin. FletchingStabilizes flight by causing shaft to spin.Preserves speed and accuracy.Made of plastic or feathers.Three types:StraightHelicalFlu-flu
25Types Of Fletching Straight Most common fletching arrangement. Typically three fletches are glued symmetrically onto the shaft 120 degrees apart.
26Types Of Fletching (cont.) HelicalFletches are glued on the shaft in a slight spiral fashion.Fletches may also be glued on at a slight diagonal to the long axis of the arrow shaft.
27Types Of Fletching (cont.) Flu-FluFletch composed of one or more turkey wing feathers.Increased wind resistance reduces arrow speed.Perfect for squirrel or game bird hunting.
28Arrow Points Bullet Point or Field Point Target and practice shooting. Should be matched to the grain weight of big game broadheads.
29Arrow Points (cont.) Judo ® Field practice and roving. Small, protruding wire springs prevent the arrow from disappearing in groundcover.Weigh the same as most popular big game broadheads.
30Arrow Points (cont.) Blunt For small game animals, such as rabbits and squirrels.Square-tipped.Made of steel or plastic materials.
31Arrow Points (cont.) Bowfishing Designed to penetrate the hard scales of carp, gar and other rough fish.Equipped with a strong barb.
32Broadheads (cont.)Removable BladeBlades are replaceable.
34Sighting in a Bow Shoot five arrows at a sight-in target. Place a grouping.Adjust sights to move grouping to bull’s-eye.Move bow sight in opposite direction you want the grouping to move.Continue adjusting and shooting until grouping is in bull’s-eye.
35Tuning Your Bow A poorly tuned bow produces poor arrow performance: Fishtailing: arrow moves from side to side.Porpoising: arrow moves up and down.To tune your bow:Move the nocking point up or down.Move the arrow rest assembly from side to side.
36Advanced Archery Practice for the Hunt Begin practice months before the season.Top bowhunters practice year-round.Practice with the arrow tips you’ll hunt with.Tune your bow.Fix equipment problems.
37Distance Judging Methods Actual Distance JudgingMarkersSubtendingRange Finders
38Bow Hunting Methods Still Hunting, Stalking and Glassing Blinds Elevated StandsTree Stand SafetyScents and LuresGame Calls
39Still Hunting, Stalking and Glassing Still hunting: moving slowly through woods until you spot game.Stalking: approaching game after you spot it.Glassing: searching for game with binoculars from one location.
40Close to game food sources, trails or watering holes. Blinds: Ground BlindsPlacementClose to game food sources, trails or watering holes.Downwind or crosswind.
41Elevated Stands The treestand is the most common type. Treestands manufactured by the Treestand Manufacturers Association are recommended due to rigorous manufacturing standards.Always remain attached to the tree when climbing into, during or getting down from a stand or when attaching a stand to the tree.
42Fall-Restraint Devices – Full-Body Harness The full-body harness is recommended by the National Bowhunter Education Foundation.Belts can cause internal injuries and death by asphyxiation.A full-body harness better distributes the shock of fall comfortably.
43Hauling Equipment Into a Stand Always use a haul line of heavy cord to raise and lower gear.Before you climb, place your bow and quiver away from your climbing route.Maintain secure connection to the tree at all times, especially when moving into or out of the stand.After you are securely on your platform, haul up your gear.
45Shot Impact: How Arrows and Bullets Differ How bullets kill:High-energy impact.Crush tissue and bone.May knock down animal.How arrows kill:Low-energy impact.Cut vital tissues.
46How an Arrow Causes Death Cuts blood vessels.Produces massive blood loss – death by hemorrhagic shock.May puncture lungs.May disrupt heart muscle.Time of death after impact:Minutes to several hours.Depends on animal’s size, where it’s hit.
47Sharp Broadheads Are Essential Deeper penetration.Cause more bleeding.More likely to pass through animal.Entry and exit wounds make trailing easier.
48Shot Placement Quick, clean kill. Ease of retrieval. Correct shot placement required for:Quick, clean kill.Ease of retrieval.
49Shot Placement (cont.) Chest Cavity: the main vital area. Primary target.Best shot to hit vital organs on deer-size animals: angling or quartering away (45 degrees).Second-best shot: broadside.Double-lung hit.Good blood trail.Animal drops within short distance.
50Varies according to species. Aiming zone on a whitetail deer: Primary Aiming ZoneVaries according to species.Aiming zone on a whitetail deer:Just behind the front leg, approximately the size of a paper plate.Focus on quarter-size spot in the middle of the “plate.”
51“Buck Fever” frequently causes bowhunters to miss shot opportunities. Shot Strategy“Buck Fever” frequently causes bowhunters to miss shot opportunities.To avoid “Buck Fever:”PlanSelect possible pick-off points, shot angles.Visualize animal’s approach.Take practice shots.
52Choose the Proper Shot Angle Proper shot angle critical for clean kill.BroadsideBest shot for largest big game animals.Shortest distance through chest cavity.Produces entry and exit wounds.Increases blood loss.Best angle for double-lung hit.
53Choose the Proper Shot Angle (cont.) BroadsideAvoid shoulder blade – wait until front leg is forward.Animal should be looking away from you or feeding.
54Choose the Proper Shot Angle (cont.) Quartering AwayGood angle for whitetail deer and big game of similar size.Left front leg is reference point when aiming.Not a good shot for larger game
55“Jumping the String” Game flinches at the sound of released string. Body drops below arrow as game prepares to jump.To minimize problems:Shoot well within effective range.Shoot only a quiet, well-tuned bow.Shoot only unalarmed deer.
56Big Game Recovery Often referred to as the “second hunt.” Bowhunters have a responsibility to recover wounded game.
57Big Game Recovery (cont.) A successful recovery requires:Proper shot placement.Knowledge of tracking and reading game sign.Attention to visual and auditory clues immediately after the shot.Knowing when and how to begin tracking.Attention to trailing details.A stick-to-it attitude.Recovery strategies.Patience.
58Attention to Clues and Trailing Details Bowhunters must note the following after they shoot:Where the arrow strikes the animal.How far the arrow penetrates – may pass through.Where the arrow hits the ground if it passes through.How the arrow strike sounds.How the animal reacts after the strike.Which way the animal runs out of sight.Sounds of the animal’s flight.Time and landmarks around shooting area.
59Chest wound: wait 20-30 minutes. Gut shot: wait at least six hours. When to Begin RecoveryChest wound: wait minutes.Gut shot: wait at least six hours.Gut-shot deer require a longer wait because:They are still very mobile.Your approach may spook them.They can travel a great distance before collapsing.If you’re not sure where it’s hit, wait minutes.
60Trailing Game Approach carefully. Look carefully for blood, hair or the arrow.Move in direction animal headed.Look for blood on leaves, rocks and logs.Walk on side of escape route.Mark location of blood sign.Always scan ahead for the animal.
61Direction animal is traveling. Where the arrow hit. Blood SignYields two types of information:Direction animal is traveling.Where the arrow hit.Lungs (frothy blood)Gut (greenish, tallow or clear fluids)
62Lost Sign Go back to last marker. Begin methodical search. If you lose sign:Go back to last marker.Begin methodical search.Use grid pattern.Be aware of wildlife activities that could signal downed deer.If necessary, search from the beginning.Don’t give up until all possibilities have been exhausted.
63Chapter Review (cont.)Would you “Shoot” or “Don’t Shoot” each of these?
64Four Main Parts of an arrow are: PointNockShaftFletching
65The types of arrow heads that are available are: TargetField tipBluntJudoBroadheadBroadheads are used to hunt big game.
66The mimimum length that an arrow must be for hunting in Alberta is 24 Inches
67The Three Basic bow designs are Long BowRecurve bowCompound Bow
68The Minimum draw length to hunt big game in Alberta is 40 pounds
69The recommended method for stringing a long bow or recurve is to use A bow stringing device
70The recommended method for bringing equipment into a tree stand is: To use a cord to pull it up.
71The correct way to store a bow: Is hung horizontally on a wall rack or vertically on a hook.
72An anchor point isThe point on the face that the bow is drawn to and it should always remain the same.
73Which WMU is Alberta is set aside for hunting all game with a bow only? WMU 410 near Canmore