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Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI). 2 BACKGROUND The WHTI is a U.S. legislated requirement for entry into the U.S. stemming from the 9/11 Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI). 2 BACKGROUND The WHTI is a U.S. legislated requirement for entry into the U.S. stemming from the 9/11 Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)

2 2 BACKGROUND The WHTI is a U.S. legislated requirement for entry into the U.S. stemming from the 9/11 Commission Report and the (U.S.) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (2004) Requires all travellers, including U.S. and Canadian citizens, to present a passport or other approved secure document that establishes citizenship and identity when entering the U.S. This law does not affect entry requirements into Canada

3 3 WHTI – Air Mode Since January 23, 2007, all Canadian citizens must present one of the following valid documents for travel to, through, or from the U.S. by air: passport; or NEXUS card when used at kiosks at designated airports for entry into the U.S. NEXUS card when returning to Canada from the U.S. at any U.S. airport.

4 4 WHTI Land & Water Phased implementation commenced January 31, 2008 until May 31, As of June 1, 2009, Canadian citizens must present one of the following valid documents: a passport; a NEXUS card a Free and Secure Trade (FAST) card; or an EDL/EIC, in provinces and territories where U.S. approved programs are implemented. for those 15 years old and under, only proof of Canadian citizenship (such as a birth certificate or a citizenship card); or for those 18 years old and under travelling with school or other organized groups, under adult supervision with parental/guardian consent, only proof of Canadian citizenship (such as a birth certificate or a citizenship card). The Government of Canada is seeking approval from the U.S. to accept the new Secure Certificate of Indian Status as a WHTI-compliant document.

5 5 Passport Canada Update The WHTI Air Rule resulted in exceptional demand for passports in Canada As of today, passport offices can process in-person applications within 2 weeks plus delivery time It may take up to 4 weeks to process applications sent by mail within Canada New, simplified process for passport renewals and simplified guarantor policy were implemented in the fall of 2007 For more information, please visit

6 6 Alternative Documents: NEXUS NEXUS meets the requirements of WHTI and is an alternative document to a passport for Canadian citizens entering the U.S. by air, land and water. NEXUS is a joint Canada/U.S. initiative designed to expedite the border clearance process for low risk, pre- approved travellers into Canada and the U.S. NEXUS members can benefit from dedicated lanes by land, self-service kiosks by air and telephone reporting in advance of arrival for boaters in the marine mode The cost of NEXUS is $50 CAD/USD For more information:

7 7 NEXUS Sites NEXUS Marine – covers all Canada / US waterways Montreal Ottawa Halifax Winnipeg Edmonton NEXUS Air Toronto  Lacolle QC / Champlain NY  St. Armand-Philipsburg QC / Highgate Springs VT NEXUS Highway Windsor ON / Detroit MI  The Ambassador Bridge  The International Tunnel Niagara ON / Niagara NY  The Whirlpool Bridge  The Peace Bridge  The Rainbow Bridge  Pacific Highway BC / Blaine WA  Boundary Bay BC / Point Roberts WA  Douglas BC / Peace Arch WA Sarnia ON / Port Huron MI  The Bluewater Bridge Calgary Vancouver Emerson MB / Pembina, ND Sault Ste. Marie, ON / Sault. Ste. Marie, MI Woodstock, NB / Houlton, ME NEXUS Ports of entry Coutts AB / Sweetgrass MT Fort Frances, ON / International Falls MN

8 8 Alternative Documents: Free and Secure Trade (FAST) FAST meets the requirements of WHTI and is an alternative document to a passport for Canadian citizens entering the U.S. by land and water only FAST is a joint Canada/U.S. commercial initiative to expedite the movement of authorised goods across the border and is available at 21 land border crossings The cost of FAST is $50 CAD/USD For more information:

9 9 Alternative Documents: EDL/EIC The Government of Canada’s cooperation and negotiations with the U.S. have led to acceptance of the EDL/EIC as an alternative to the passport in the land and water modes.

10 10 Alternative Documents: EDL/EIC The EDL/EIC are secure documents for Canadian and U.S. citizens denoting citizenship and identity that meet the requirements for travel to the U.S. by land and water only The U.S. will review each province, territory and state’s EDL/EIC proposal to ensure that they meet WHTI standards The EDL/EIC contains Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and a Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) that will facilitate crossing the U.S. border

11 11 PT EDL/EIC Issuance Status Province / Territory Implementation DateEDLEICComment Manitoba Launched January 19, 2009 X Fall 2009X QuebecLaunched March 2009X British Columbia Launched April 6, 2009 XXPhase One January 2008 OntarioSpring 2009X

12 12 U.S. State EDL/EIC Issuance Status StateImplementation DateEDLEICComment Washington StateLaunched January 2008XX MichiganApril 2009 (date TBD)X New YorkLaunched September 2008XX VermontLaunched December 2008X ArizonaTBDX Currently working on Business Plan

13 13 Alternative Documents: Certificate of Indian Status (CIS) The CIS is an official form of identification issued by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) to a person who is registered as an Indian under the provisions of the Indian Act. Under the transitional provisions in place until May 31, 2009, the U.S. will accept the current CIS card. We are negotiating with the U.S. DHS for the new Secure CIS to receive approval as a WHTI-compliant document. INAC expects to have the new SCIS available for issuance in time for the implementation of WHTI in June 2009.

14 14 U.S. Passport Card The U.S. has developed a wallet-sized Passport Card available to U.S. citizens only and valid for land and water travel only Production of cards began July 14, Approximately 870,000 passport cards in circulation today. The Passport Card contains the same data as a passport.

15 15 A Closer Look at WHTI Compliant Documents FeaturesCanadian Passport U.S. Passport NEXUSFASTEDLU.S. Passport Card Cost (Adult)$87.00 CDN$ US $50.00 CDN/US TBD by issuing jurisdictional authorities With valid U.S. passport: $20 First time applicants: $45 US Validity (Adult)5 years10 years5 years Same validity as current DL (TBD) 10 years Availability fed/prov/terr/sta te) CanadaU.S.Canada & U.S. Prov/Terr/ StateU.S. only RFIDNo Yes Travel modeAll Land & Water EligibilityCanadian Citizens U.S. Citizens Low risk U.S. & Canadian Citizens & PRs Canadian & U.S. Citizens U.S. Citizens Dedicated lane/ Kiosk No Yes No Destinations (Canada/ U.S./ International) International Canada & U.S.

16 16 What is Canada doing? Our Government has been working to ensure that legitimate trade and travel across our borders are not interrupted as a result of the U.S. WHTI CBSA will continue to inform external stakeholders, partners and public of these document requirements and new developments CBSA will ensure that Border Services Officers in Canada are provided with timely information on new WHTI compliant documents coming into circulation.

17 17 Port of Entry Tear-Away

18 18 Questions? For more information on WHTI, please visit: For more information on U.S. travel requirements, please visit: For more information on obtaining a Canadian passport, please visit:


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