2BACKGROUNDThe WHTI is a U.S. legislated requirement for entry into the U.S. stemming from the 9/11 Commission Report and the (U.S.) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (2004)Requires all travellers, including U.S. and Canadian citizens, to present a passport or other approved secure document that establishes citizenship and identity when entering the U.S.This law does not affect entry requirements into CanadaWHTI represents a significant change in the way Canadians and Americans cross our shared border.
3WHTI – Air ModeSince January 23, 2007, all Canadian citizens must present one of the following valid documents for travel to, through, or from the U.S. by air:passport; orNEXUS card when used at kiosks at designated airports for entry into the U.S.NEXUS card when returning to Canada from the U.S. at any U.S. airport.This is a U.S. requirement. It will not affect entry requirements into Canada.It is important to mention that all travellers regardless of their age need to have a passport.WHTI Air – includes all travellers entering the U.S. from the western hemisphere (including Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean and Bermuda).US requires that you have a passport or NEXUS card to depart from the U.S.- APIS.
4WHTI Land & WaterPhased implementation commenced January 31, 2008 untilMay 31, 2009.As of June 1, 2009, Canadian citizens must present one of the following valid documents:a passport;a NEXUS carda Free and Secure Trade (FAST) card; oran EDL/EIC, in provinces and territories where U.S. approved programs are implemented.for those 15 years old and under, only proof of Canadian citizenship (such as a birth certificate or a citizenship card); orfor those 18 years old and under travelling with school or other organized groups, under adult supervision with parental/guardian consent, only proof of Canadian citizenship (such as a birth certificate or a citizenship card).The Government of Canada is seeking approval from the U.S. to accept the new Secure Certificate of Indian Status as a WHTI-compliant document.All identification documents must have a photo, name, and date of birthThe EIC is a document that allows people who do not drive the option of obtaining a secure government-issued photo identification card that denotes both citizenship and identity.
5Passport Canada Update The WHTI Air Rule resulted in exceptional demand for passports in CanadaAs of today, passport offices can process in-person applications within 2 weeks plus delivery timeIt may take up to 4 weeks to process applications sent by mail within CanadaNew, simplified process for passport renewals and simplified guarantor policy were implemented in the fall of 2007For more information, please visitPPTC increased their staff and expanded its facilities to address this issue.New simplified passport renewal program – for Canadians currently holding a valid passport and who meet certain eligibility criteria to renew without submitting documentary evidence of citizenship or a guarantor declarationA simplified guarantor policy: allow most Canadian adult passport holders to act as guarantors for a first-time applicantsPassport possession rate in Canadians 53%. By 2010, PPTC estimates that 57%-62% will have a passport. 29% of Americans currently possess a passport
6Alternative Documents: NEXUS NEXUS meets the requirements of WHTI and is an alternative document to a passport for Canadian citizens entering the U.S. by air, land and water.NEXUS is a joint Canada/U.S. initiative designed to expedite the border clearance process for low risk, pre-approved travellers into Canada and the U.S.NEXUS members can benefit from dedicated lanes by land, self-service kiosks by air and telephone reporting in advance of arrival for boaters in the marine modeThe cost of NEXUS is $50 CAD/USDFor more information:NEXUS is available at all major Canadian international airports (where U.S. pre-clearance is available), at 16 land border crossings and has been expanded to 456 marine reporting sitesIf pressed (should not be discussed unless asked ) NEXUS can be used at any land border in any lane when entering the U.S. but Canada is still in the process of examining the feasibility of reciprocating this policy.NEXUS meaning: a link, a connectionNEXUS - Total of 274,779 (198,312 Canadian/76,467 U.S. – approx.) members – Feb. 28, 2009NEXUS membership is growing by approximately 2,000 new members a weekHamonization of all 3 NEXUS programs was announced on December 14, 2006You can apply at online through the GOES or by mailRigorous Canadian/U.S. background checks followed by an interview with a CBSA or CBP officer before approval is granted.Due to strong Canadian dollar- Minister Stockwell Day announced the cost reduction of NEXUS and FAST from 80$ CAD to 50$ CADMembership is valid for 5 years
7NEXUS Sites NEXUS Ports of entry Edmonton Vancouver Calgary Winnipeg Woodstock, NB / Houlton, MECoutts AB / Sweetgrass MTFort Frances, ON / International Falls MNPacific Highway BC / Blaine WABoundary Bay BC / Point Roberts WADouglas BC / Peace Arch WAEmerson MB / Pembina, NDMontrealHalifaxOttawaSault Ste. Marie, ON / Sault. Ste. Marie, MILacolle QC / Champlain NYSt. Armand-Philipsburg QC / Highgate Springs VTTorontoSarnia ON / Port Huron MIThe Bluewater BridgeNiagara ON / Niagara NYThe Whirlpool BridgeThe Peace BridgeThe Rainbow BridgeWindsor ON / Detroit MIThe Ambassador BridgeThe International TunnelNEXUS AirNEXUS HighwayNEXUS Marine – covers all Canada / US waterways
8Alternative Documents: Free and Secure Trade (FAST) FAST meets the requirements of WHTI and is an alternative document to a passport for Canadian citizens entering the U.S. by land and water onlyFAST is a joint Canada/U.S. commercial initiative to expedite the movement of authorised goods across the border and is available at 21 land border crossingsThe cost of FAST is $50 CAD/USDFor more information:Membership is valid for 5 years. Total 77,750 members as of FebruaryIf pressed (discuss only if asked): FAST cards are accepted south bound in non-FAST lanes. Canada is examining the feasibility of reciprocating this policy.
9Alternative Documents: EDL/EIC The Government of Canada’s cooperation and negotiations with the U.S. have led to acceptance of the EDL/EIC as an alternative to the passport in the land and water modes.Note: citizenship indicator for Phase 1 BC EDL is Canadian flag and on Washington state card US flagCards contain an MRZ and RFID and US card has “Enhanced” in title. All PTs will also have “Enhanced” in title.New cards have been issued to 521 Phase 1 participants in BCEIC – is a voluntary, enhanced provincial document denoting identity and citizenship that is intended to be acceptable for entering the U.S. by land or water and will meet Canada/U.S. travel document security standards. It also serves as a secure piece of gov’t issued photo id for non-drivers.New Indicators: “CAN” for P/Ts – U.S. Flag on all state EDL/EICs“Enhanced” in the titleMRZ
10Alternative Documents: EDL/EIC The EDL/EIC are secure documents for Canadian and U.S. citizens denoting citizenship and identity that meet the requirements for travel to the U.S. by land and water onlyThe U.S. will review each province, territory and state’s EDL/EIC proposal to ensure that they meet WHTI standardsThe EDL/EIC contains Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and a Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) that will facilitate crossing the U.S. border
11PT EDL/EIC Issuance Status Province / TerritoryImplementation DateEDLEICCommentManitobaLaunchedJanuary 19, 2009XFall 2009QuebecLaunched March 2009British ColumbiaLaunched April 6, 2009Phase One January 2008OntarioSpring 2009Ontario has sent U.S. CBP sample EDL’s for testingNew Brunswick will not be developing an EDL program - cost being the main reason.
12U.S. State EDL/EIC Issuance Status Implementation DateEDLEICCommentWashington StateLaunched January 2008XMichiganApril 2009 (date TBD)New YorkLaunched September 2008VermontLaunched December 2008ArizonaTBDCurrently working on Business Plan
13Alternative Documents: Certificate of Indian Status (CIS) The CIS is an official form of identification issued by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) to a person who is registered as an Indian under the provisions of the Indian Act.Under the transitional provisions in place until May 31, 2009, the U.S. will accept the current CIS card.We are negotiating with the U.S. DHS for the new Secure CIS to receive approval as a WHTI-compliant document.INAC expects to have the new SCIS available for issuance in time for the implementation of WHTI in June 2009.CIS is a form of identification for status Indians in Canada and does not confirm citizenshipINAC has been working on a pilot project for several years to introduce a new and improved card & card issuance process.
14U.S. Passport CardThe U.S. has developed a wallet-sized Passport Card available to U.S. citizens only and valid for land and water travel onlyProduction of cards began July 14, 2008.Approximately 870,000 passport cards in circulation today.The Passport Card contains the same data as a passport.This is a U.S. document for U.S. citizens onlyFast and secure system: eight PASS cards can be read at once, thereby expediting the flow of traffic and tradeCanada is not considering a similar card at this timeThe card will have the same validity period as a passport book: 10 years for an adult, five for children 15 and younger. For adults who already have a passport book, they may apply for the card as a passport renewal and pay only $20. First-time applicants will pay $45 for adult cards and $35 for childrenThe passport card can be used for entry/ re-entry back into the US for Americans from both Canada and Mexico.As of February 28, 2009, there are 870,000 U.S. Passport Cards in circulation.
15A Closer Look at WHTI Compliant Documents FeaturesCanadian PassportU.S. PassportNEXUSFASTEDLU.S. Passport CardCost (Adult)$87.00 CDN$ US$50.00 CDN/USTBD by issuing jurisdictional authoritiesWith valid U.S. passport: $20 First time applicants: $45 USValidity (Adult)5 years10 yearsSame validity as current DL (TBD)Availability fed/prov/terr/state)CanadaU.S.Canada & U.S.Prov/Terr/ StateU.S. onlyRFIDNoYesTravel modeAllLand & WaterEligibilityCanadian CitizensU.S. CitizensLow risk U.S. & Canadian Citizens & PRsCanadian & U.S. CitizensDedicated lane/ KioskDestinations (Canada/ U.S./ International)InternationalPassport document entitlement criteria established by the federal passport issuing authorityEach participating province/ territory state will determine the cost of their EDLPhase 1 BC EDL- no fee. Washington State EDL- $15. New York State EDL- $30Must meet document entitlement criteria established by each participating province/ territory/ stateNEXUS and FAST membership are valid for five years provided the member continues to meet all the terms and conditions of the FAST or NEXUS program and comply with all applicable laws and regulations.Only U.S. and Canadian citizens can use NEXUS/FAST as WHTI compliant documents. PRs of both countries must carry-in addition to their NEXUS card- a proof of citizenship and all other immigration documentation required by both US and Canadian legislation.Manitoba and Saskatchewan will likely move towards a 5year EDL.
16What is Canada doing?Our Government has been working to ensure that legitimate trade and travel across our borders are not interrupted as a result of the U.S. WHTICBSA will continue to inform external stakeholders, partners and public of these document requirements and new developmentsCBSA will ensure that Border Services Officers in Canada are provided with timely information on new WHTI compliant documents coming into circulation.CBSA- Phase 1 communications campaign has concluded. It included: radio ads, public notices in dailies, tear-away information sheets at borders, fact sheets, posters, internet banners, web-text, …etcThe communications campaign dates for Phase 2 have yet to be determinedPPTC- Phase 1: 2.4 million “Get your passport now campaign”Phase 2:National campaign kicked off in the U.S. during NFL season opener in Sept 2008 until November 15, 2008. TV, print, radio and internet adsSpent $.5 Million dollars advertising in CanadaCampaign focused on awareness of the documents and that the law was changing.Phase 3U.S. localized ad campaign – Costing $8 Millionbegins February 2, 2009Targeting Northern and Southern border states (Seattle, Detroit, Buffalo, Burlington, Bangor)Call to action to get documents nowTV, print, radio, and internet ads, billboardsCanadian target audience – border communities (will spend slightly more than $.5 Million in Canada)Local TV, print, Public Service Announcement (Glenn Frey singing “Take it Easy”)Canadian funding for final implementation is still under consideration. Under today’s fiscal restraint- Gov’t Canada being careful with funding for all advertising- given US law and previous efforts.
18Questions? For more information on WHTI, please visit: www.cbsa.gc.ca For more information on U.S. travel requirements, please visit:For more information on obtaining a Canadian passport, please visit:I am not an official media spokesperson. Should you wish to speak to an official spokesperson- contact the media enquiry line at