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1 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 GREAT GADGETS TO GARGANTUAN GARBAGE POISONOUS PC’S AND TOXIC TV’S Obsolete but not forgotten? Prepared by.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 GREAT GADGETS TO GARGANTUAN GARBAGE POISONOUS PC’S AND TOXIC TV’S Obsolete but not forgotten? Prepared by."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 GREAT GADGETS TO GARGANTUAN GARBAGE POISONOUS PC’S AND TOXIC TV’S Obsolete but not forgotten? Prepared by Ken Davies, DVAL With Inspiration from John Rhodes, City of Kingston

2 2 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Introduction Society is discarding Electronic Waste (TV’s, VCR,s, PC’s, Phones, etc.) at an increasing rate. Ontario alone discards approx. 4.3 million units of A/V equipment annually totaling 50,000 tonnes, only 1 - 2% of which is reprocessed. Between 3% and 4% of municipal waste is EW and growing rapidly The technology of TV’s, PC’s and other consumer devices advances at a rapid rate. Useful lifetimes of 2 – 5 years are not uncommon. Updates and/or repair is generally impractical. Today, est. that each Canadian home includes 2 computers and 1.5 televisions that no longer are used and awaiting disposal What is in this material?

3 3 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 What is in all this Electronic Waste? Heavy metals – Lead, mercury, cadmium, beryllium, chromium Copper, iron, aluminum, tin Plastics – vinyl chlorides, phenolics Brominated flame-retardants Rare earths High lead glasses High concentrations of these substances in the environment are highly undesirable and represent major health hazards.

4 4 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where Does it all go NOW Storage awaiting a final disposition Landfills – water polution a concern Incineration – release of toxic products into the air and rain-water Take-back by manufacturers Ship it overseas to recyclers in third world countries having lax regulations Ship it to low technology recyclers within Canada or in the USA Into a collection network with non-hazardous recycling capability

5 5 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where Does the Money Come From? Levy on Sales of New Equipment Take Backs - Requiring Suppliers to deal with their own scrapped products Problem of Orphan Products, those where there is no identifiable supplier existing Any program also requires administration, public or private

6 6 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is Canada at present? Domestic Waste Disposal is a Municipal-level responsibility But …the regulation of the Environment is a Provincial matter And…there is a diversity of suppliers, often outside provincial jurisdiction Progress is thus slow and difficult as the stakeholders and affected parties have very divergent views

7 7 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is Canada at present? (cont’d) ONTARIO Minster’s Letter of Dec started stakeholder consultation and discussion within WDO as the WEEE project (Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment) Project includes both professional and consumer A/V equipment and PC’s, along with a large range of other electrical products. WEEE project report files July, 2005 with consultants reports Recommended formation of an independent organization (IFO) funded from levies on EEE products sold in Ontario Project now sitting in the Min. of Environment office for consideration and decision-making. No date has been set.

8 8 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is Canada at present? (cont’d) ALBERTA WEEE diversion program has been running since October, Program managed by Alberta Recycling Management Authority through IFO Electronics Recycling Alberta 100 collection sites and 5 qualified recycling organisations. Starting Feb EEE retailers started collecting an Environmental Fee on Designated Electronic items. In first year program collected 2,900 tons of e-waste.

9 9 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is Canada at present? (cont’d) ALBERTA

10 10 Shades of Things to Come in Ontario (and elsewhere) Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006

11 11 The Price of Recycling the TV Set

12 12 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006

13 13 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is Canada at present? (cont’d) OTHER PROVINCES Looking at similar WEEE projects to Alberta and Ontario Other Provinces have yet to express interest.

14 14 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is the USA at present? CALIFORNIA California has a waste diversion/recycling program in operation since 2004 financed by a fee at retail level. California Fees: $6.00 when the screen is larger than 4 inches, but smaller than 15 inches $8.00 when the screen is at least 15 inches, but smaller than 35 inches $10.00 when the screen is 35 inches or larger Technologies Included in Recycling: CRT, LCD, Plasma

15 15 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is the USA at present? CALIFORNIA Typical California PR

16 16 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 Where is the USA at present? OTHER STATES Minnesota, Massachusetts, Maine have active eWaste programs to effect recycling Other states have programs similar to California under consideration Where is Europe at present? EU has a complete set of laws and regulations in place dealing with WEEE. Directive adopted May, 2001 for “Take Back” treatemnt of e- waste

17 17 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 CONCLUSIONS Canadian provinces are slowly putting in place programs to mandate WEEE diversion into recycling. These programs may not be coordinated and will cause confusion and resistance from consumers. CE retailers and suppliers will be effected directly and need to have a strong and coordinated position to voice, against those of other stakeholders. Broadcasters and programmers may be indirectly affected as the DTV conversion may be slowed by WEEE considerations for equipment replaced. Municipalities are concerned about the lack of recycling opportunities and present and the problem of a massive surge from the closet when WEE programs are introduced

18 18 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 USEFUL LINKS California Recycling California Waste Management Board Alberta Recycling Alberta Environment Ontario Waste Management

19 19 Meeting of the Technical WG, Feb. 15, 2006 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS


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