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Transports Canada Transport Canada Survival and Sparsely Settled Areas Presented by Michel Leduc Transport Canada, System Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Transports Canada Transport Canada Survival and Sparsely Settled Areas Presented by Michel Leduc Transport Canada, System Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transports Canada Transport Canada Survival and Sparsely Settled Areas Presented by Michel Leduc Transport Canada, System Safety

2 Transports Canada Transport Canada Michel Leduc System Safety Specialist System Safety 700 Leigh Capreol Dorval QC H4Y 1G7 Tel.: Fax.:

3 Transports Canada Transport Canada Knowledge Update CARs Standard TC seminar Recurrent training program approved by TC PPC New or renewed annotation Written exam Flight review with an instructor Self-training: Aviation Safety Letter or,

4 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

5 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

6 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas A sparsely settled area is not a defined geographic area The pilot is responsible for deciding what survival equipment will be brought on board to comply with the regulations

7 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Area A.I.P. Canada Air 2.14 Less accessible Less flight information available Weather data NAVAIDs Fuel supply Food and lodging Maintenance installation

8 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

9 Transports Canada Transport Canada Hierarchy of Needs

10 Transports Canada Transport Canada Physiological Eating Drinking Sleeping “Evacuating” Breathing Maintaining the body’s temperature Avoiding pain

11 Transports Canada Transport Canada Safety Having a shelter Having supplies Not feeling threatened To be safe from dangers Mainly about fears

12 Transports Canada Transport Canada Love Not being excluded Need of love

13 Transports Canada Transport Canada Esteem Recognition Self respect Social ranking Consideration

14 Transports Canada Transport Canada Self Actualization To transcend or surpass Achieve Improve oneself

15 Transports Canada Transport Canada Hierarchy of Needs

16 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

17 Transports Canada Transport Canada Threats to Survival Hunger Cold Fatigue Thirst Loneliness Pain Boredom

18 Transports Canada Transport Canada Hunger 3 weeks without food to kJ/day (1 000 to Cal) Headache Aggressiveness Incoherence Moral

19 Transports Canada Transport Canada Hunger Supplies for 24 to 48 hours Avoid chocolate and other sources of sugars, choose energy bars (sport centre, outdoor store) with a high protein content instead Be careful with dehydrated food, they will make you thirsty! !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

20 Transports Canada Transport Canada Cold 85% of body heat is lost from the head Numbing Inability to think Loss of will Increases fatigue levels

21 Transports Canada Transport Canada Cold Temperature lower at night in rural regions Humidity makes you feel colder You CAN die from hypothermia

22 Transports Canada Transport Canada Cold Have a supply of blankets or sleeping bags Build a fire Don’t keep wet clothing on; stay dry Build a shelter Physical activity Human warmth !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

23 Transports Canada Transport Canada Fatigue Lack of attention, carelessness Leads to giving up Incoherence Injuries Aggravates the situation Increases with stress

24 Transports Canada Transport Canada Fatigue Sleep !!! Take turns Maintain a heat source Secure site Stay in good physical condition !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

25 Transports Canada Transport Canada Thirst 3 days without water Loose 2 to 3 litres per day Aggravated by sickness, vomiting, diarrhoea and blood loss

26 Transports Canada Transport Canada Thirst Have a flask with at least 1L of liquid Purification devices: Pump, drops, tablets Boil it DO NOT DRINK URINE !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

27 Transports Canada Transport Canada Thirst Manage perspiration Find shade Breathe through the nose instead of through the mouth Digestion requires water Avoid alcohol !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

28 Transports Canada Transport Canada Loneliness Deceitful and unpredictable Refers to mental Left out, abandoned Leads to insanity

29 Transports Canada Transport Canada Loneliness Radio Imaginary friend !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

30 Transports Canada Transport Canada Pain Requires energy Can prevent from seeing to other needs So intense it can lead losing the “will to live”

31 Transports Canada Transport Canada Pain Avoid injuries and sicknesses Have a first aid kit and know how to use it! Carry medication such as Insulin or an “EpiPen” !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

32 Transports Canada Transport Canada Boredom Tied with loneliness Mind not busy enough Plays with imagination

33 Transports Canada Transport Canada Boredom Work around camp Look for water, food and fuel Deck of cards Imaginary friend !!! SOLUTION SUGGESTIONS !!!

34 Transports Canada Transport Canada Hunger Cold Fatigue Thirst Loneliness Pain Boredom Fight the Threats

35 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

36 Transports Canada Transport Canada TC Requirements CAR Light a fire - Provide shelter - Provide or purify water - Send visual distress signals See also A.I.P. Canada: AIR 4.13 AIR Annex

37 Transports Canada Transport Canada TC Requirements One must consider Geographic location Season Climatic changes

38 Transports Canada Transport Canada Survival Kit Example - Safety matches, lighter, candles - Tarpaulin, garbage bag, wool blanket - Flask, pump, purifying caplets - Mirror, flashlight, flares - Survival rations, camping burner THIS LIST IS ONLY AN EXAMPLE, FEEL FREE TO ADD WHATEVER YOU THINK IS USEFUL!

39 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

40 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness Plan flight according to what is available - Weather info - NAVAIDs - NOTAMs - Emergency plan

41 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness File a flight plan or a flight itinerary Follow the flight plan Broadcast your position - regularly - every time you change heading Close the flight plan

42 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness Pilot readiness - Training - Awareness - Verification - Practice

43 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness Passengers’ readiness - Briefing and written procedures - Risk awareness - Leadership - Rehearsal

44 Transports Canada Transport Canada Are you dressed for survival?

45 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness Clothing - Long sleeves - Fall jacket - Walking shoes - Winter clothes or bug net Knife, whistle, lighter and energy bar in pockets

46 Transports Canada Transport Canada Readiness Emergency broadcast on actual frequency and on 121.5, in English and French, without expecting an answer ELT on “ON”, make sure that it is working, and position it so as to maximize its range—do not turn it off! Transponder on Stay close to aircraft if possible

47 Transports Canada Transport Canada Sparsely Settled Areas Hierarchy of Needs Threats to Survival Survival Equipment Readiness Resources Progression

48 Transports Canada Transport Canada Resources A.I.P. Canada SAR 4.8 AIR 2.14 AIR 4.13 AIR Annex CFS Section A Section F

49 Transports Canada Transport Canada Resources Satellite phones : Phone number Trenton :

50 Transports Canada Transport Canada Resources SAS Survival Guide - ISBN:


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