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Axis Expansionism. Learning Goals By the end of this lesson I will recognize the major military campaigns initiated by members of the Axis powers and.

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Presentation on theme: "Axis Expansionism. Learning Goals By the end of this lesson I will recognize the major military campaigns initiated by members of the Axis powers and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Axis Expansionism

2 Learning Goals By the end of this lesson I will recognize the major military campaigns initiated by members of the Axis powers and why they were successful.By the end of this lesson I will recognize the major military campaigns initiated by members of the Axis powers and why they were successful. By the end of this lesson I will know how the German blitzkrieg differed from previous military tactics and why it was so successful.By the end of this lesson I will know how the German blitzkrieg differed from previous military tactics and why it was so successful. By the end of this lesson I will learn about the Canadians who were in Hong Kong during the invasion by Japanese forces.By the end of this lesson I will learn about the Canadians who were in Hong Kong during the invasion by Japanese forces.

3 Blitzkrieg “Lighting War”“Lighting War” Four Stage ProcessFour Stage Process Amazingly fast and effective strategyAmazingly fast and effective strategy Relied on cohesive effort by all divisions of the German ArmyRelied on cohesive effort by all divisions of the German Army Initially seen in Poland, France and the NetherlandsInitially seen in Poland, France and the Netherlands Allowed for extremely rapid expansion throughout Europe.Allowed for extremely rapid expansion throughout Europe.

4 Stage One The Luftwaffe bombed the target to soften the defensive lines. They would focus their weapons on a particular point in the line. Referred to as the Schwerpunkt.The Luftwaffe bombed the target to soften the defensive lines. They would focus their weapons on a particular point in the line. Referred to as the Schwerpunkt.

5 Stage Two The Panzer and other armoured divisions attacked the line at a concentrated point in an attempt to break through. The speed of the attack made it difficult for the allies to defend against it.The Panzer and other armoured divisions attacked the line at a concentrated point in an attempt to break through. The speed of the attack made it difficult for the allies to defend against it.

6 Stage Three The armed divisions will break through the defensive line and begin to curve back around the engulf the defending army from behind. This prevented them from retreating and also made it difficult to coordinate with members from other divisions.The armed divisions will break through the defensive line and begin to curve back around the engulf the defending army from behind. This prevented them from retreating and also made it difficult to coordinate with members from other divisions.

7 Stage Four The Wermacht would move in behind the armored divisions and attack the small pockets of soldiers that remained in the occupied territory. During this time the armored divisions would continue to push their spearhead forward to continue breaking through the defensive lines.The Wermacht would move in behind the armored divisions and attack the small pockets of soldiers that remained in the occupied territory. During this time the armored divisions would continue to push their spearhead forward to continue breaking through the defensive lines.

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9 The tactic

10 Blitzkrieg in Practice March, 1938 – Hitler established Anschluss with Austria-HungaryMarch, 1938 – Hitler established Anschluss with Austria-Hungary

11 Sudetenland October, 1938 – Hitler invades part of CzechloslovakiaOctober, 1938 – Hitler invades part of Czechloslovakia

12 Hitler Breaks Munich

13 Germany Invades Poland September, 1939 – Nazi invade Poland in violation of their agreement with Britain forcing the world to declare war.September, 1939 – Nazi invade Poland in violation of their agreement with Britain forcing the world to declare war.

14 Why We Fight

15 Weserübung April, 1940 – Germany attacks Denmark, Sweden and Norway – extremely important ports and industrial areas.April, 1940 – Germany attacks Denmark, Sweden and Norway – extremely important ports and industrial areas.

16 Headed West May, 1940 – Germany focuses West and invades Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands and France.May, 1940 – Germany focuses West and invades Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands and France.

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18 May

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20 June

21 Growth of an Empire line/index.htmlhttp://unimaps.com/nazi_european_occupation_time line/index.html

22 Dunkirk The British stationed in France were unprepared for how fast the Blitzkrieg was.The British stationed in France were unprepared for how fast the Blitzkrieg was. As the German army pushed forward into France they severed the British troops off from the rest of their command and boxed them in between the Germany army and the Atlantic ocean. Over half a million British soldiers are stuck in this shrinking pocket.As the German army pushed forward into France they severed the British troops off from the rest of their command and boxed them in between the Germany army and the Atlantic ocean. Over half a million British soldiers are stuck in this shrinking pocket. Poised to be one of the greatest British loses of the Second World War.Poised to be one of the greatest British loses of the Second World War.

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24 A miracle

25 Expansion in the pacific While Hitler was busy expanding in Europe, Emperor of Japan Hirohito was engaging in his own military campaign.While Hitler was busy expanding in Europe, Emperor of Japan Hirohito was engaging in his own military campaign. Made significance advances in Chinese mainland and conquered almost all the islands in the South Pacific.Made significance advances in Chinese mainland and conquered almost all the islands in the South Pacific. It was this presence in the Pacific that motivated Japan to attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor December 7 th, 1941It was this presence in the Pacific that motivated Japan to attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor December 7 th, 1941

26 Japan’s Expansion interactivehttp://www.history.com/interactives/inside-wwii- interactive

27 Invasion of Hong Kong In November of 1941 Canada sent almost 1000 troops to Hong Kong (at the time a British colony) to deter any possible aggression from the Japanese.In November of 1941 Canada sent almost 1000 troops to Hong Kong (at the time a British colony) to deter any possible aggression from the Japanese. The Royal Rifles and the Winnipeg GrenadiersThe Royal Rifles and the Winnipeg Grenadiers While they were armed they were not properly equipped and not yet fully trained.While they were armed they were not properly equipped and not yet fully trained. There was equipment headed their way but the attack on Pearl Harbor in December made it impossible.There was equipment headed their way but the attack on Pearl Harbor in December made it impossible. Their presence was assumed to be of symbolic, rather than strategic, importance.Their presence was assumed to be of symbolic, rather than strategic, importance.

28 Invasion Japanese planes attack Hong Kong and ground forces began to invade.Japanese planes attack Hong Kong and ground forces began to invade. After 3 days of fighting the allies were pushed back into the mainland.After 3 days of fighting the allies were pushed back into the mainland. On December 13 th and 17 th the Japanese army asked the Allied troops composed of mostly Canadian, British and Chinese soldiers to surrender. They declined.On December 13 th and 17 th the Japanese army asked the Allied troops composed of mostly Canadian, British and Chinese soldiers to surrender. They declined. As Japanese army continued to push inward they acquired increasing numbers of POW’s including a combat hospital whose patients they tortured and killed.As Japanese army continued to push inward they acquired increasing numbers of POW’s including a combat hospital whose patients they tortured and killed.

29 Legacy What became increasingly important from this event is Canada’s willingness to defend another country against evil aggression.What became increasingly important from this event is Canada’s willingness to defend another country against evil aggression. It was acts such as this that became the model for future acts of Canadian peacekeeping.It was acts such as this that became the model for future acts of Canadian peacekeeping.

30 Canadian Courage


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