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Socialism as a Response to Classical Liberalism Social 30-2.

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Presentation on theme: "Socialism as a Response to Classical Liberalism Social 30-2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Socialism as a Response to Classical Liberalism Social 30-2

2 Socialism / Developed in the early 19th century as a response to the declining social and economic conditions of the working class during the Industrial Revolution / Felt these issues could be addressed by encouraging government involvement in the economy. / Felt it would increase the distribution of wealth. / Developed in the early 19th century as a response to the declining social and economic conditions of the working class during the Industrial Revolution / Felt these issues could be addressed by encouraging government involvement in the economy. / Felt it would increase the distribution of wealth.

3 Difference Between Socialism and Classical Liberalism / Although Socialism embraced the concepts of human rights and democratic government, they also embraced collectivist aspects. / Collective Responsibility / Collective Interest / Co-operation / Economic Equality / Adherence to Collective Norms / And Public Property / Although Socialism embraced the concepts of human rights and democratic government, they also embraced collectivist aspects. / Collective Responsibility / Collective Interest / Co-operation / Economic Equality / Adherence to Collective Norms / And Public Property

4 Socialism vs. Classical Liberalism / Lets take a look at the charts on page 147 in your book, comparing Socialism and Classical Liberalism.

5 Early Democratic Socialism / Believed that Modern Liberalism did not provide the type of government intervention that would address the collective interests of society. / Believed that political, economic, and social change could be achieved without revolution… as opposed to Marx. / Believed that things could be changed through democratic processes. Such as elections, and reforms. / Believed that Modern Liberalism did not provide the type of government intervention that would address the collective interests of society. / Believed that political, economic, and social change could be achieved without revolution… as opposed to Marx. / Believed that things could be changed through democratic processes. Such as elections, and reforms.

6 Early Democratic Socialism / Embraced Liberalist views such as democracy, freedom, and individual rights. However, / Believed Capitalism infringed upon the rights of the workers to being truly free. / Embraced Liberalist views such as democracy, freedom, and individual rights. However, / Believed Capitalism infringed upon the rights of the workers to being truly free.

7 Early Democratic Socialism / Solution? / Greater government involvement in the affairs of society. / Social Programs / I.e.- unemployment insurance, health care, education, and child care. / Solution? / Greater government involvement in the affairs of society. / Social Programs / I.e.- unemployment insurance, health care, education, and child care.

8 Socialism / Marxism and Communism / Utopian Socialism / Democratic Socialism

9 Democratic Socialism in Canada / Western Canada’s impact on the country’s social welfare programs. / Many of the country’s social welfare programs that exist in Canada, originated in Western Canada. Programs that many of you will likely come in contact with. / Such as: / Student Loans / EI / Child-Care Initiatives / CPP / Minimum Wage / Universal Health Care / Western Canada’s impact on the country’s social welfare programs. / Many of the country’s social welfare programs that exist in Canada, originated in Western Canada. Programs that many of you will likely come in contact with. / Such as: / Student Loans / EI / Child-Care Initiatives / CPP / Minimum Wage / Universal Health Care

10 The Great Depression / 1920’s and 1930’s / A period of harsh economic conditions. / People once again question the validity of Classical Liberalism. / 1920’s and 1930’s / A period of harsh economic conditions. / People once again question the validity of Classical Liberalism.

11 The Great Depression / October 29, 1929 “Black Tuesday” / Crash in stock market prices in New York City. Hit all around the world. / Canada, / Companies go bankrupt, / Investors lose all their money, / And unemployment reaches 27%. / October 29, 1929 “Black Tuesday” / Crash in stock market prices in New York City. Hit all around the world. / Canada, / Companies go bankrupt, / Investors lose all their money, / And unemployment reaches 27%.

12 The Great Depression / Slowly, Socialism and the idea of government intervention becomes more appealing. / More and more of the population began to look towards the government to stop the bleeding. / Slowly, Socialism and the idea of government intervention becomes more appealing. / More and more of the population began to look towards the government to stop the bleeding.

13 Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) / Founded in 1932, in Calgary, AB. / Prairies were hit particularly hard, because of the impacts of an ill- timed drought. / People were forced to abandon their homes, and search for work where they could find it. / Founded in 1932, in Calgary, AB. / Prairies were hit particularly hard, because of the impacts of an ill- timed drought. / People were forced to abandon their homes, and search for work where they could find it.

14 Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) / J.S Woodworth, first party President / Regina Manifesto / Shelters for the jobless and homeless / Job creation programs / Pensions for those who had worked their whole lifetime but could not be cared for by their impoverished children. / Health services that would be subsidized by the government so that people could get medical help for a fraction of the normal cost. / J.S Woodworth, first party President / Regina Manifesto / Shelters for the jobless and homeless / Job creation programs / Pensions for those who had worked their whole lifetime but could not be cared for by their impoverished children. / Health services that would be subsidized by the government so that people could get medical help for a fraction of the normal cost.

15 Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) / Tommy Douglas, elected Premier of Saskatchewan / Created Canada’s form of Universal Healthcare / CCF eventually became the NDP, which is still around today. / Tommy Douglas, elected Premier of Saskatchewan / Created Canada’s form of Universal Healthcare / CCF eventually became the NDP, which is still around today. be.com/watch?v =gqpFm7zAK90

16 Socialism in Quebec / Post World War 2 / Maurice Duplessis, Premier of Quebec / Strongly anti-communist, / Strongly anti-union, / Supported Quebec independence from Canada, / However… / Post World War 2 / Maurice Duplessis, Premier of Quebec / Strongly anti-communist, / Strongly anti-union, / Supported Quebec independence from Canada, / However…

17 Socialism in Quebec / Government involvement in the economy / Public works projects / Highways / Schools / Hospitals / Government involvement in the economy / Public works projects / Highways / Schools / Hospitals

18 Socialism in Quebec / The struggle to separate from Canada was a driving force for these groups. / The Canadian Government was seen as an oppressive force, in which revolution was needed to break free from. / I.e.- Group Marxiste Revolutionnaire / The struggle to separate from Canada was a driving force for these groups. / The Canadian Government was seen as an oppressive force, in which revolution was needed to break free from. / I.e.- Group Marxiste Revolutionnaire

19 Parti Quebecois / Rene Levesque, Quebec Separatist Leader / Public Insurance Program / Pharmacare (cheap medication) / Child Care System / Parental Leave Program / Today, Bloc Quebecois / Rene Levesque, Quebec Separatist Leader / Public Insurance Program / Pharmacare (cheap medication) / Child Care System / Parental Leave Program / Today, Bloc Quebecois

20 Question? / How come Socialist parties had such a huge influence in Western Canada in the early 20th century, but that’s not the case today?…


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