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Jewish Children in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942. A History of Jewish People in Europe An estimated 9 million Jews lived in the 21 countries that would be.

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Presentation on theme: "Jewish Children in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942. A History of Jewish People in Europe An estimated 9 million Jews lived in the 21 countries that would be."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jewish Children in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942

2 A History of Jewish People in Europe An estimated 9 million Jews lived in the 21 countries that would be eventually occupied by German forces during WWII An estimated 9 million Jews lived in the 21 countries that would be eventually occupied by German forces during WWII By the end of WWII, two thirds of European Jewry were murdered By the end of WWII, two thirds of European Jewry were murdered

3 Nazi Racism “Germanic Races” were better than all others “Germanic Races” were better than all others Nazi scientists developed extensive tests to prove that they were anatomically superior. Nazi scientists developed extensive tests to prove that they were anatomically superior. Aryan race must remain pure so that it could one day take over the world Aryan race must remain pure so that it could one day take over the world Hitler’s ideal Aryan was tall, blond haired and blue eyed Hitler’s ideal Aryan was tall, blond haired and blue eyed Jesse Owens 1936 Olympics Germany

4 Kristallnacht November 9, 1938: the “Night of Broken Glass” November 9, 1938: the “Night of Broken Glass” –1000+ synagogues burned –7000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted –dozens of Jewish people were killed –Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes were also looted –police and fire brigades stood by and did nothing As early as April 1, 1933, Germans boycotting their businesses

5 The Nuremburg Race Laws Jews to be second-class Jews to be second-classcitizens Jews were no longer eligible to Jews were no longer eligible to –Vote –Marry –Sex with German ‘blood’ Christians with Jewish Christians with Jewish grandparents = Jew grandparents = Jew Fascination With Noses German Nose Jewish Nose Yellow Star of David Identified as Jew. - Mr. / Mrs. - Seats - Stores - “J” stamp on Id. Cards - ‘Sterilization’ - Medical Experiments / Twins Other “inferiors” Jehovah’s Witnesses, Gypsies (Roma), and Homosexuals

6 Ghettos By 1939, 80,000 Jewish people were forced into ghettos— designated areas in the city where Jews were compelled to live By 1939, 80,000 Jewish people were forced into ghettos— designated areas in the city where Jews were compelled to live

7 The Final Solution By 1941, Hitler ordered that all Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe be rounded up and sent to the extermination camps to be killed en masse By 1941, Hitler ordered that all Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe be rounded up and sent to the extermination camps to be killed en masse Dachau

8 Concentration Camps Families Split Apart Labour Camps

9 A door to the gas chamber in Auschwitz. The note reads: “Harmful Gas! Entering Endangers Your Life” Concentration / Death Camps Electrified barbed-wire fences kept prisoners within the confines of the camps NAZISM – Reading p.1100

10 Death Camps - Jews from all over occupied Europe to death (extermination) camps in Poland where they were killed en masse Death Camps - Jews from all over occupied Europe to death (extermination) camps in Poland where they were killed en masse A mass grave in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, 1945 Gas Chambers / Shower Ovens Shoes Gas Lorry

11 Concentration / Death Camps Corpses of women piled up in Auschwitz, February 1945 An SS guard stands among the prisoners killed in his concentration camp April 27-30, 1945

12 The Aftermath Auschwitz Survivors Greeting their Liberators In 1945, when Allied troops entered the concentration and death camps, they discovered piles of bones and ashes— testimony to Nazi genocide. Soldiers also found thousands of survivors suffering from starvation and disease. After liberation, many Jewish survivors refused to return to their former homes because of the antisemitism that persisted in Europe. Consequently, there were many displaced persons who sought refuge in other countries.

13 AS SOLDIERS ENTERED THE CAMPS THE REAL TRUTH WAS SEEN FOR THE FIRST TIME General Eisenhower “Take pictures because someday someone will say this never happened”

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19 “None is too Many”: Canada’s Role PM Mackenzie King “Nothing can be gained by creating an internal problem in the effort to meet an international one” PM Mackenzie King “Nothing can be gained by creating an internal problem in the effort to meet an international one” Canadian secretary of State in 1939: Canadian secretary of State in 1939: “So long as Canada has an unemployment problem, there will be no ‘open door’ policy to political refugees here.” After Kristallnacht Thomas Crerar suggested that 10,000 Jews be allowed to immigrate to Canada After Kristallnacht Thomas Crerar suggested that 10,000 Jews be allowed to immigrate to Canada Cabinet Immigration Minister Fred Blair : “None is too many”

20 “None is too Many”: Canada’s Role Canada’s policy had tragic consequences in 1939 when the ocean liner St. Louis that was carrying 900 Jewish refugees was denied permission to dock in Canada Canada’s policy had tragic consequences in 1939 when the ocean liner St. Louis that was carrying 900 Jewish refugees was denied permission to dock in Canada The St. Louis was forced to return to Europe, where most of the passengers died in concentration camps The St. Louis was forced to return to Europe, where most of the passengers died in concentration camps

21 “None is too Many”: Canada’s Role Between 1933 and 1945, Canada opened its doors to less than 5,000 Jewish people Between 1933 and 1945, Canada opened its doors to less than 5,000 Jewish people Of the 65,000 refugees let into Canada through 1948, only 12% were Jewish Of the 65,000 refugees let into Canada through 1948, only 12% were Jewish Number of Jewish refugees brought into countries during 12 year Nazi Rule: United States 200,000 Palestine 125,000 Britain 70,000 Argentina 50,000 Brazil 27,000 China 25,000 Bolivia and Chile 14,000 CANADA 5,000

22 LESSONS OF THE HOLOCAUST A Personal Reflection A Personal Reflection And I Said Nothing In Germany they first came for the Communists and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionist, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me and by that time no one was left to speak up. In Germany they first came for the Communists and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionist, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me and by that time no one was left to speak up. (Cont. next page)

23 “The World is too dangerous to live in—not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen.” –Albert Einstein For Discussion: Do you agree or disagree with Einstein’s statement? Why?

24 A PERSONAL REFLECTION - Keep these questions in mind: Who is to blame for the Holocaust? (Germans??, Hitler??, Nazis??,Others??) Who is to blame for the Holocaust? (Germans??, Hitler??, Nazis??,Others??) Could the Holocaust have been stopped? Could the Holocaust have been stopped? How do the "Stages of Isolation" show the gradual persecution leading to the annihilation of the Jews? How do the "Stages of Isolation" show the gradual persecution leading to the annihilation of the Jews? What would you have done if you lived in Germany during the Third Reich? What would you have done if you lived in Germany during the Third Reich? How does the passage "And I Said Nothing" portray the actions of the people in Germany during Third Reich? What is the danger in saying or doing "nothing"? How does the passage "And I Said Nothing" portray the actions of the people in Germany during Third Reich? What is the danger in saying or doing "nothing"? What lessons must be learned from the Holocaust? What lessons must be learned from the Holocaust? How do we, as responsible and aware human beings, ensure that an event such as the Holocaust or any type of racial genocide never occurs again? How do we, as responsible and aware human beings, ensure that an event such as the Holocaust or any type of racial genocide never occurs again? Do you think we have “learned our lesson” from the Holocaust, use examples to support your point of view from more recent history Do you think we have “learned our lesson” from the Holocaust, use examples to support your point of view from more recent history

25 “On a Brooklyn Subway”

26  FUNNY?????????  Sent to a local grocery store in 2012.


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