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R GETTING SPECIFIC T-CHARTS & Y-CHARTS. R T-charts and Y-charts can be used to develop specific sensory pictures to help youth learn new behaviors. Every.

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Presentation on theme: "R GETTING SPECIFIC T-CHARTS & Y-CHARTS. R T-charts and Y-charts can be used to develop specific sensory pictures to help youth learn new behaviors. Every."— Presentation transcript:


2 R T-charts and Y-charts can be used to develop specific sensory pictures to help youth learn new behaviors. Every act we make we must first conceive. There are two parts to any behavior that first is to create it in our minds. The second is to create it in the world. Often schools have beliefs or bottom lines handing on the wall. The beliefs are created at an abstract level of thinking. The bottom lines are developed to protect our beliefs. T-charts and Y-charts are done with the students to concretize our beliefs into sensory perceptions. A Y-chart has three parts to tap three senses– sight, sound, and feeling. A Y-chart is either totally positive or totally negative. Do not mix the two. You will need to do two Y-charts if you want to illustrate two different conditions. Conversely, the T-chart is designed to separate and illustrate the positive from the negative. There is a side for on task and a side for off task.

3 R LOOKS LIKE: Feet on the ground and hands to yourself Following classroom rules Cleaning up after yourself Doing you work Learning SOUNDS LIKE Desk being wiped off Quiet most of the time Quiet, water running FEELS LIKE Organized Strong inside RESPONSIBLE

4 R LOOKS LIKE: Walking in the hallway or on the sidewalk Keeping all 4 chair legs on the floor No standing on chairs or desks No throwing things No fighting SOUNDS LIKE Quiet footsteps Crunch crunch on gravel Pleasant voices, talking nicely FEELS LIKE Relaxed Happy SAFE

5 R LOOKS LIKE: Getting along, being a good sport Basketball, Tetherball, Soccer Football, Jumping rope Playing at recess Classroom games Field trips Movies/videos Frisbee SOUNDS LIKE Laughing Balls bouncing People cheering Woosh! “Good catch” “It’s your turn now” DOING Balls being kicked Rope hitting ground in rhythm Bouncing Run fast FUN

6 R MIDDLE SCHOOL IDEAL CLASSROOM LOOKS LIKE FriendlySharing NeatHelping SmilesDiverse CleanHealthy Accepting SOUNDS LIKE Laughter Discussion Pleasant Polite Positive Accepting Vigorous Dialogue FEELS LIKE Comfortable Positive Warm Supportive Strong Non-controlling Challenging Sense of Direction Risk-taking

7 R LOOKS LIKE Being considerate of other people’s feelings Not touching things without permission Listening with eyes respectful Being kind Sharing SOUNDS LIKE One person at a time talking “I’ll help” “We can work this out together” “Please” “Thank you” “Excuse me” “I’m sorry” “May I borrow this if I put it right back?” DOING Friendly smile Shake hands Give space Calm body RESPECT

8 R LOOKS/SOUNDS LIKE: Raising hand to speak Sharing Letting others play Laughing - smiling People having fun Stopping when someone says stop Playing together “Want to play” “Please” “Thank you” Playing games Reading together “Would you like to be my friend DOESN’T LOOK/ SOUND LIKE: Kicking Bad words Hitting Calling names Biting “I don’t want to be your friend” Ripping books Running

9 R THE BOTTOM LINE IS…  Used for totally unacceptable behaviors.  Briefly stated (under 2 minutes)  Tied to and protects a belief.  Public if the offense was public.  Supported by parents.  Calm, firm.  Consistently applied.  Results in removal from group for a specified time with an invitation to return. THE BOTTOM LINE IS …  Not vengeful  Not angry  Not guilting  Not demeaning  Not to be ignored.  Not personal – use role definition.  Not arbitrary – it is set with community  Not restitution – which takes time and healing Ideally a bottom line removal is followed by R & R (Restorative Restitution).

10 R Bottom Lines n No physical hurt n No weapons n No drugs n No direct defiance of an adult n No harassment

11 R Violence Laughing Running Stop when asked to Wrestling (1- on-1) Giggling Teasing (friendly) Smiling Cheering Tag/games Crowd gathered Stealing Tripping Crying Bruises Blood Broken nose Two on one (or more) Kicking down Person doesn’t stop Don’t stop when asked Shoving/pushing Throwing stones Swearing Screaming/yelling Fooling Around

12 R FOOLING AROUND VIOLENCE Knocking hats Teasing Grabbing books Coming very close to face – suddenly Tight face Hard stare Stiff muscle Rapid, heavy breathing Kicking Threatening Calling names – size, looks Mean things Teasing – that’s enough

13 R Fooling Around  Laughing  smiling  Running toward  Singing  Expression  Hugging  Dancing  Relaxed body language Violence  Crying  Seeing blood  Yelling- screaming  Anger  Indifference  Swearing  Name calling  Kicking  Running away  Body language tense  hitting


15 R Violence Is Not  Biting  Punching (with an intent to hurt)  Kicking (with an intent to hurt)  Angry voices  Profane language  Pushing and shoving in a jovial way  Running Person stops when I say stop 

16 R Is/Looks Like/Is Used Like Gun Knives Brass knuckles Chains Fists Pencil Exacto knife Scissors Starter gun Baseball bat Hammer Saw Nail Change - coins Is Not/ Is Not Used Like Utensils being used properly Tools being used properly Furniture being used properly Earrings Straight pins Tacks Stapler Chemicals Hand Rings Feet Boots High heels Book Wood Furniture Compass Wallet chains A WEAPON

17 R A DRUG n Tobacco - smoking - non- smoking n Inhalants n Alcohol n Acid/Illegal substances defined by kids n Prescription and non- prescription medication n Food n Water n Medicine dispensed by the nurse n Nutritious beverages - Juice, Milk n Asthma inhaler (not shared) n Diabetic/allergy medicine Is/Looks Like Is Not/ Doesn’t Look Like

18 R DEFIANCE Looks Like/ Sounds Like n Refusal to follow directions (e.g. “Make me!” n Profanity directed at another person n Destructive behavior n Posing a danger to self or others n Making a personal threat (psychological, verbal, physical) Does Not Look Like/ Sound Like n Rolling eyes n Body language (talk) n Signs and mumbles n Sarcasm n Swearing (in general, not directed) n Stalling or procrastinating (These are problem behaviors but not a bottom line reason for removal from the area)

19 R What does direct defiance look like/ sound like What does direct defiance not look like/sound like  Make me do it!  I don’t want to  Removing themselves from group or isolating themselves  When you can compromise and avoid conflict  Swearing at the teacher  Vulgar language directed at teacher or student  Because ….. (student states a valid reason)  You’re an f… idiot  Refusal to do work or participate  Gestures Student refusing to work, but not disrupting others 

20 R Harassment IsHarassment Is Not  Name calling   Physical  Verbal  Mean spirited  Angry   Emotional  Long lasting Teasing then stopping when asked  Hurtful  Purposeful  Victimizing Touching then saying, “Sorry, I won’t do it again.”  A knot in the stomach  Power  Threatening

21 R Up & Clean Joking n Funny n People are having fun (joker and others) n Something you could tell someone else n Not offensive n Done once n Public n Pleasant, positive tone of voice, upbeat n Both people laugh n Should not hurt n Belonging not power n People stay at the end of the joke n Goal is to make someone laugh and feel good Down & Dirty n Dangerous n Scary, uncomfortable, uneasy n Not everyone is having fun n Afraid to tell, shouldn’t tell n Offensive n Talking about private body parts, religion, race, gender, sexuality n Done over and over n Private n Demeaning tone n Someone is laughing n Hurts people n People want to leave, or offend back n Power n Looks like you are a target n Goal is to injure, hurt FUN

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