Sedimentary Geoscience Section Michelle Nicolas –Phanerozoic stratigraphy and petroleum geology James Bamburak –Industrial and specialty minerals Michelle Trommelen –Quaternary geology
STRATIGRAPHIC AND PETROLEUM PROJECTS Michelle P.B. Nicolas, P. Geo. A/Chief Geologist, Sedimentary Geoscience Petroleum and Phanerozoic Geologist
Hudson Bay Lowland Project Rationale: Understand the hydrocarbon potential and basin architecture and evolution of the Hudson Bay Basin. Build upon GEM Energy (2008-2013). GEM 2: Hudson Bay and Ungava Project (2013-2020): Focus on understanding HBL stratigraphy, correlations, age of units, lithological variations and sedimentology Project location: Hudson Bay Lowland, northeastern Manitoba Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, Michelle Trommelen, Greg Keller Partners: GSC (Lavoie et al.), OGS (Armstrong), Nunavut Gov. (Zhang), U of Manitoba (Chow, Elias), Manitoba Museum (Young)
Hudson Bay Lowland Project Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, Michelle Trommelen, Greg Keller Project location: Hudson Bay Lowland, northeastern Manitoba Objectives (2014-15): Churchill River field work; Core sampling for: Stable isotope (C-O); Biostratigraphy; Geochemistry (organic, inorganic); Basin exhumation history (AFT). Reconcile and compile stratigraphic information; Evaluate data available for construction of 3-D model. Products (2014) Report of Activities paper; Poster at the Manitoba Mining and Mineral Convention.
Shallow Cretaceous Shale Gas Project Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak Rationale: Improve our basic geological knowledge of the shallow gas-bearing Cretaceous formations out SW Manitoba. Assess the potential for shallow shale gas in these units as a future resource for Manitoba. Project location: southwestern Manitoba, subsurface to outcrop Partners: University of Calgary (P. Pedersen; S. Hosseininejad; R. Spencer), GSC Special Funding: Manitoba Hydro (Gas Division), Mitacs, Questerre Energy Corp.
Shallow Cretaceous Shale Gas Project Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak Project location: southwestern Manitoba, subsurface to outcrop Objectives (2014-15): Acquire an compile geochemistry and mineralogy data of shale samples (including oil shale sampling). Investigate new outcrops of potential shale gas reservoirs. Begin subsurface correlations and building sequence stratigraphic model. Geochemical and mineralogical fingerprinting of mudrocks (U of Calgary). Products (2014) Report of Activities paper; Poster at the Manitoba Mining and Mineral Convention.
Objectives (2014) : Sampling along Manitoba escarpment to collect oil shale samples, and submit for chemical and kinetic analyses. Rationale: Canada-Israel Industrial Research and Development Foundation of the Federal Government of Canada: international partnership between the GSC and Israel Energy Initiatives Ltd. to study possible in- situ extraction of hydrocarbons from oil shale. Manitoba has many outcrop sampling sites to provide samples for study. Oil Shale Project Total Organic Carbon (TOC %)/ Petroleum Potential (kg/t) Porcupine Hills 7.19/35.18 – 3 samples Duck Mountain 6.81/30.93 – 11 samples Riding Mountain 5.92/30.23 – 5 samples Pembina Mountain 5.18/16.65 – 3 samples Kovac (1984) Favel Formation Oil Shale – Sclater River, 2004 Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak Partners: GSC, University of Calgary (P. Pedersen), FG & Partners (Calgary), Israel Energy Initiatives Ltd (Jerusalem), more.
Paleozoic investigations: Duperow Formation Project Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas Rationale: Investigate deep Paleozoic formations for new deep oil prospects, as conventional and unconventional targets. Gain a better stratigraphic, sedimentological and economic understanding of this formation in SW Manitoba. Project location: southwestern Manitoba (subsurface) Partners: University of Manitoba (N. Chow, K. Bates, L. Eggie) Special Funding: Arc Resources
Paleozoic investigations: Duperow Formation Project Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas Project location: southwestern Manitoba (subsurface) Objectives (2014-15): Report of Activities and M. Sc. thesis writing (Bates, U of M); Presentation at international conference (Chow, U of M) Partners: University of Manitoba (N. Chow, K. Bates, L. Eggie) Products (2014) Report of Activities paper.
Geological Highway Map of Manitoba Staff involved: Michelle Nicolas, Paul Lenton, Len Chackowsky, James Bamburak, Sharon Lee, Paul Kremer, Michelle Trommelen, Mark Pacey Rationale: Update the geology map and geological highway map of Manitoba to a scale of 1:1M. Project location: all of Manitoba Objectives (2014-15): Geological map base at 1:1M and 1:250k scales completed. Compile photographic database and take inventory of “points of interest”. Work on text and graphics.
INDUSTRIAL & SPECIALTY MINERALS PROJECTS James D. Bamburak, P. Geo. Industrial Minerals Geologist
Objectives (2014-15): Outcrop and quarry investigations; Collect and submit two bentonite samples for geochronology (U-Pb zircon). Products for 2014: Report of Activities contribution; Geoscientific report on bentonite; Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention). Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations - Bentonite Staff involved: James Bamburak, Michelle Nicolas Project location: Southwestern Manitoba – Manitoba escarpment (outcrops) Partners: Bird River Resources Inc. Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre Rationale: Attract industrial development of mineral resources to provide local employment; Fundamental geological problems. Expand inventory of potential sources of industrial/specialty minerals in Manitoba. Linked to Cretaceous Shale Gas Project. Manitoba escarpment
Products for 2014: Report of Activities contribution; Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention). Objectives (2014-15): Channel sampling of entire Gammon Ferruginous Member in the Vermilion River area, 2014. Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations – REE 30 m 2 m of Gammon Ferrruginous sampled, near base of section, 2013 Vermilion River o/c 02-22-23-20W1 Staff involved: James Bamburak, Michelle Nicolas, Tania Martens, Eric Yang Project location: Outcrops along the Manitoba escarpment, southwestern Manitoba Rationale: Evaluate potential areas for future REE discovery.
Staff involved: James Bamburak Rationale: Expand inventory of potential sources of industrial/specialty minerals in Manitoba Attract industrial development of mineral resources to provide local employment; Fundamental geological problems. Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations – Lake Winnipegosis Project location: Southwestern Manitoba – Lake Winnipegosis Objectives (2014-15): Possible trips to Pemmican Island with Klyne Exploration and McAulay Harbour with White Cap Exploration. Partners: Klyne Exploration White Cap Exploration Lake Winnipegosis Products for 2014: Geoscientific report on MVT and hydrothermal mineralization; Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention).
Staff involved: James Bamburak, Mark Pacey Rationale: Preserve legacy of geological knowledge of senior staff for educational purposes. Dissemination of geoscientific and mining- related information to the general public is necessary for them to appreciate the importance of mineral resource extraction in the maintenance of Manitoba’s standard of living. Geolocalities/Roadside Geology Project location: Southern Manitoba Partners: Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre Manitoba Petroleum Branch Brandon University APEGM Heritage Committee
Products for 2014: Southeastern Roadside Geology added into Manitoba Virtual GeoTours on YouTube™. Objectives (2014-15): Video capturing of geolocalities over 3-4 days in the southern Interlake. Literature research. Input select Phanerozoic outcrop descriptions into Manitoba Government Provincial Data Network. Geolocalities/Roadside Geology (cont’d) Southern Interlake 2014 Winnipeg Seymourville Hecla Lake St. Martin The Narrows Stonewall/Stony Mountain Steeprock/Faulkner Staff involved: James Bamburak, Mark Pacey Project location: Southern Manitoba
QUATERNARY PROJECTS Michelle S. Trommelen, P. Geo. Quaternary Geologist
Staff involved: Michelle Trommelen Rationale: Mapped in 1980’s (GSC reconnaissance-scale); 2013 preliminary field survey led to a number of surprises; Manitoba Hydro is currently beginning construction at Keeyask and Conawapa. Quaternary - Gillam Project location: Gillam area Objectives (2014-2016): Surficial geology mapping; Aggregate potential mapping; Till composition and drift exploration (MSc project); Glacial history (PhD or post-doc project). Partners: Manitoba Hydro University of Waterloo
Timeframe: Keeyask, Stevens Lake 2014 (detailed survey); Conawapa, Nelson River 2015 (regional survey). Products for 2014: Report of Activities contributions; Technical talk and poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention). Methods: 1:50k scale regional mapping; Helicopter, boat, truck; Till sampling for characterization (surface and in section); Incorporation of drill core data; Radiocarbon dating of fossil material. Quaternary - Gillam
Staff involved: Michelle Trommelen Rationale: Unstudied area. Quaternary – Churchill River Project location: Churchill River Objectives (2014-15): Till sampling; Stratigraphy; Regional surficial geology mapping. Partners: MGS Paleozoic Methods: Helicopter reconnaissance (7 days); Till sampling for characterization (surface and in section). Churchill Churchill River North Knife River
Upcoming Release: New surficial geology web pages Quaternary – Compilation Contains: Surficial geology map index; Links to current projects; Ongoing carbonate dispersal till analyses and interpretation; Surficial materials compilation index; Digital compilation of surficial point and line features: ice-flow indicators, field sites, outcrops, streamlined landforms, eskers, and more...