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What is Freedom? Is freedom an absolute? Is freedom an absolute? Do we have to give up freedom to obtain or have freedom? Do we have to give up freedom.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Freedom? Is freedom an absolute? Is freedom an absolute? Do we have to give up freedom to obtain or have freedom? Do we have to give up freedom."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is Freedom? Is freedom an absolute? Is freedom an absolute? Do we have to give up freedom to obtain or have freedom? Do we have to give up freedom to obtain or have freedom? What do you think Freedom is? What do you think Freedom is? Write a 7-10 sentence paragraph explaining what freedom is to you. Write a 7-10 sentence paragraph explaining what freedom is to you.

3 Why do we have Governments? To form Unions To form Unions Establish Justice Establish Justice Insure Domestic Tranquility Insure Domestic Tranquility Provide a Common Defense Provide a Common Defense Promote the General Welfare Promote the General Welfare Secure the Blessing of Liberty Secure the Blessing of Liberty Would someone please volunteer to go and read the Preamble of the Constitution Would someone please volunteer to go and read the Preamble of the Constitution

4 Theories on Govt Divine Right: God grants authority to rule to Royalty. Divine Right: God grants authority to rule to Royalty. Social Contract Theory: Developed by John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes. Social Contract Theory: Developed by John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes. It is a Gov't that is created out of necessity by a voluntary act of free people. It is a Gov't that is created out of necessity by a voluntary act of free people. It serves to the will of the people that are the source of political power and can give or take it away as they choose. It serves to the will of the people that are the source of political power and can give or take it away as they choose.

5 Forms of Government Unitary Govt: one single central agency Unitary Govt: one single central agency Federal Govt: Central and Local Govt Federal Govt: Central and Local Govt Confederate Govt: An alliance of independent states Confederate Govt: An alliance of independent states Presidential Govt: Separation of powers between Executive and Legislative branches Presidential Govt: Separation of powers between Executive and Legislative branches

6 Forms of Government Cont. Parliamentary Govt: Executive branch headed by Prime Minister, chosen by Legislative body out of the body. Parliamentary Govt: Executive branch headed by Prime Minister, chosen by Legislative body out of the body. Dictatorship Govt: Those who are in power are not held responsible by the people. Dictatorship Govt: Those who are in power are not held responsible by the people.

7 Democracy Whats all the talk about…really?

8 Democracy Supreme political authority rests with the people Supreme political authority rests with the people People hold sovereign power People hold sovereign power Govt run by the consent of the people Govt run by the consent of the people Two forms of Democracy Two forms of Democracy Direct: Peoples will is translated into public policy Direct: Peoples will is translated into public policy Representative: Small groups chosen by the people to represent their wants and needs. Representative: Small groups chosen by the people to represent their wants and needs. This is called Govt with the consent of the governed This is called Govt with the consent of the governed

9 Basic Concepts of Democracy in the United States 1. A recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person 2. A respect for the equality of all persons 3. A faith in majority rule and an insistence up on minority rights 4. An acceptance of the necessity of compromise 5. An insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom

10 Final Thoughts on Democracy Democracy is not a perfect system Democracy is not a perfect system Its more of less a system of trial and error and learning from those errors Its more of less a system of trial and error and learning from those errors


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