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Effects of Climate Change on Canadian Agriculture and Adaptation Opportunities Presentation to Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Ed.

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Presentation on theme: "Effects of Climate Change on Canadian Agriculture and Adaptation Opportunities Presentation to Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Ed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Effects of Climate Change on Canadian Agriculture and Adaptation Opportunities Presentation to Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Ed Tyrchniewicz P.Ag President, Agricultural Institute of Canada February

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3 Outline But agriculture is different – Elements of climate change and agriculture Benefits and concerns for agriculture Adaptation opportunities

4 But Agriculture is Different: Some Realities... Biological process of production is very dependent on climate and weather Climate variability is a fact of life – risk management Ag sector generally operates in global markets with narrow margins and limited opportunities to pass costs on to customers

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6 But Agriculture is Different: Some More Realities... Process of policy making in agriculture is a shared federal-provincial responsibility Focus on short term income problems Expanding exports is seen as a solution; dealing with climate change is not Perception of agriculture as a polluter and destroyer of the environment

7 Elements of Climate Change Temperature Precipitation Variability more extreme weather events risk management

8 Sources of Greenhouse Gases CO 2 Fossil fuels, soil destruction, deforestation MethaneAgriculture, landfills, coal mines, gas production losses N 2 OSoil, Fossil fuels, Fertilizer

9 Global Warming Potentials (GWP) and Agriculture’s Emissions

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11 Benefits to Agriculture potentially more heat units longer frost free season increase moisture in some drought prone areas of Eastern Canada CO 2 growth enhancement

12 Concerns for Agriculture  increased variability in climate  raised sea level on the East and West Coasts  increased and decreased soil moisture in different parts of Canada  more/different weeds and bugs  more erosion

13 Changes in Ecozone Boundaries Present DayDoubled-CO2

14 Agriculture has a history of adapting to change technology markets policies climate

15 Adaptation Opportunities Conservation tillage Manure management Shelterbelts and permanent cover Carbon storage Carbon emissions trading

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17 Adaptation Opportunities Conservation tillage Manure management Shelterbelts and permanent cover Carbon storage Carbon emissions trading

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19 Adaptation Opportunities Conservation tillage Manure management Shelterbelts and permanent cover Carbon storage Carbon emissions trading

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21 Adaptation Opportunities Conservation tillage Manure management Shelterbelts and permanent cover Carbon storage Carbon emissions trading

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23 Adaptation Opportunities Conservation tillage Manure management Shelterbelts and permanent cover Carbon storage Carbon emissions trading

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26 Blessed are the Flexible For They Shall Not Get Bent Out Of Shape


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