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Natural and artificial geophysical magneto-tellurics.

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Presentation on theme: "Natural and artificial geophysical magneto-tellurics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Natural and artificial geophysical magneto-tellurics

2 ... diagram from NOAA Earth's geomagnetic field: Solar interactions

3 ...from MetaTech Corp. Auroral electrojet

4 Aurorae form around the polar electrojets

5 Aurora Australis captured by NASA's IMAGE satellite and overlaid onto NASA's satellite-based Blue Marble image. More Aurora images! Aurora Australis

6 ... photo: NASA, site Aurora Borealis © iStockphoto / Roman Krochuk

7 Auroral light is mostly from electronically excited oxygen atoms. The green radiation prevails at low altitudes and the red at higher. Excited nitrogen molecules and nitrogen molecular ions produce pink and red at low altitudes. Aurora are due to N2 and atomic O excitations

8 Aurorae during the day

9 ... from WikiPedia nT Equatorial electrojet

10 ...and natural source magneto-tellurics The ionospheric electrojet currents are not constant and because they vary in time, they are composed of a continuous spectrum of frequencies. As well, lightning strikes produce an electro- magnetic cavity resonance in the spherical shell between the surface and the base of the ionosphere.

11 Schumann resonances – the cavity resonance E and H fields at ground level

12 Wavefields – not necessarily normal to the surface

13 Controlled source MT In principle, rather than using natural sources, we can use any source of electromagnetic waves. When using non-natural sources, we often use the term artificial source or controlled source MT.

14 Theory and practice of MT geophysics Some references:  The Magnetotelluric Method, G.R. Jiracek, San Diego State Univ. linklink  Basics of the Magnetotelluric method, S. Thiel, U. Adelaide linklink  Some on-line ebooks linklink

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