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Stifle and Tarsus First Year Anatomy Nicholas Urbanek, BVMS, MRCVS.

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Presentation on theme: "Stifle and Tarsus First Year Anatomy Nicholas Urbanek, BVMS, MRCVS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stifle and Tarsus First Year Anatomy Nicholas Urbanek, BVMS, MRCVS

2 Stifle

3 The Stifle Limited views due to proximal location of joint Routinely obtain only TWO views – Lateral (caudal 60 degree lateral-craniomedial oblique) – Craniocaudal (caudoproximal-craniodistal oblique) Lateral viewCraniocaudal view

4 Stifle – Lateral view A.Supracondylar fossa B.Femur C.Patella – Apex and Base D.Medial and lateral trochlea ridges E.Medial and lateral femoral condyle F.Intercondylar eminence of tibia G.Trochlear Grove H.Tibia I.Tibial tuberosity J.Fibula A B C D E F G H I J

5 Stifle – Craniocaudal view A.Lateral border of patella B.Femur C.Medial epicondyle D.Medial condyle E.Lateral epicondyle F.Lateral condyle G.Intercondylar fossa H.Medial and lateral intercondylar eminence I.Tibial tuberosity J.Tibia K.Fibula I H K J G F E D C B A

6 Bone Cyst

7 Stifle OCD

8 Tarsus

9 The Tarsus Same views, different joint! Lateral-Medial Dorsal-Plantar Dorsolateral-plantaromedial oblique (DLPMO) – Highlights the plantarolateral and dorsomedial aspects Dorsomedial-plantarolateral oblique (DMPLO) – Highlights the plantaromedial and dorsolateral aspects

10 Tarsus - Lateral view Bones: A: Tibia B: Calcaneous C: Central tarsal bone D: Third tarsal bone E: Sustentaculum tali F: Third metatarsal bone Joints: I: Tarsocrural joint J: Proximal intertarsal joint K: Distal intertarsal joint L: Tarsometarsal joint M: Talocalcaneal joint E

11 Tarsus – DP view Bones: A: Tibia B: Calcaneous C: Central tarsal bone D: Third tarsal bone E: Forth tarsal bone – “Two story bone” F: Third metatarsal bone 1: Medial trochlear ridge of talus 2: Medial malleolus 3: Lateral malleolus

12 Tarsus – DMPLO view A: Tibia B: Calcaneous C: Central tarsal bone D: Third tarsal bone F: Third metatarsal bone H: Second metatarsal N: Second tarsal bone 4: Lateral trochlear ridge – “Larry’s Nose” 5: Sustentaculum tali

13 Tarsus – DLPMO view A: Tibia B: Calcaneous C: Central tarsal bone D: Third tarsal bone E: Forth tarsal bone F: Third metatarsal bone G: Forth metatarsal bone 1: Medial trochlear ridge 2. Medial malleolus 6: Distal intermediate ridge

14 Tarsal Diseases OCD - three main locations – Lateral and medial malleoli – Distal intermediate ridge of the tibia (DIRT) – Lateral and medial trochlear ridges Degenerative Joint Disease – Distal intertarsal joint – Tarsometatarsal joint

15 Tarsal OCD

16 Tarsal DJD

17


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