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Presentation to the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence Paul E. Kennedy Senior Assistant Deputy Solicitor General February 24, 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation to the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence Paul E. Kennedy Senior Assistant Deputy Solicitor General February 24, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation to the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence Paul E. Kennedy Senior Assistant Deputy Solicitor General February 24, 2003 Paul E. Kennedy Senior Assistant Deputy Solicitor General February 24, 2003

2 2 Outline Post 9/11 Measures and Initiatives Canada / U.S. Relationship Bilateral Mechanisms Challenges

3 3 Measures to Enhance National Security PSAT Budget billion Anti-terrorism Act Listing of entities Smart Border Declaration and 30-point Action Plan

4 4 The Canada-U.S.Relationship Different methods but similar objectives overall Complex relationship that is horizontally managed Reinforcement of current bilateral relationships

5 5 Myth versus Reality Myth – September 11 hijackers entered the U.S. via Canada Reality – None entered the U.S. through Canada Myth – ‘Five terrorists heading to the U.S. from Canada’ Reality – Uncorroborated information – FBI warning withdrawn

6 6 Myth versus Reality Myth - Canada major source country for marijuana in U.S. Reality – Small percentage of marijuana trafficked to U.S. originates from Canada Myth – Canada lacks effective measures to control the movement of precursor chemicals to U.S. Reality – Regulations control the movement and sale of precursor chemicals

7 7 Myth versus Reality Media in the United States and elsewhere erroneously reported that some of the 19 hijackers responsible for crashing the four US commercial airliners had come to the United States via Canada; these allegations were proven false by subsequent investigation. - U.S. Dept of State, Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001

8 8 Canada / U.S. Relationship Canadian law enforcement has been an indispensable and strong partner with the United States. Long before the attacks of September 11, Canada provided consistent and invaluable assistance to law enforcement officials in the United States. And since the attacks, our nations have collaborated more closely than ever to secure our borders and protect our citizens from the threat of terrorism - U.S. Attorney General, February 2003

9 9 Canada-U.S. Cross-Border Crime Forum Bilateral consultative mechanism to increase cooperation and coordination against trans-border crime and terrorism  Promotes best practices and seeks to resolve operational impediments and obstacles Addresses complex issues and develops concrete tools and measures  Comprehensive threat assessments on alien smuggling, movement of drugs, and trafficking of firearms and explosives  Joint priority targeting of organized crime groups

10 10 Coordinated Policing and Law Enforcement Success relies on an intelligence-led and multi-disciplinary approach:  Integrated Border Enforcement Teams (IBETs)  Integrated National Security Enforcement Teams (INSETs)  Memorandum of Cooperation on exchange of fingerprint records

11 11 Canada / U.S. National Security Partnership Overall anti-terrorism cooperation with Canada is excellent, and stands as a model of how the US and another nation can work together on terrorism issues. - U.S. Dept of State, Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001

12 12 Canada / U.S. National Security Partnership Canada / U.S. Bilateral Consultative Group on Counter-Terrorism Canada / U.S. Bilateral Agreement on Counter-Terrorism Research and Development Joint Counter-Terrorism Training (TOPOFF 2)

13 13 Canada / U.S. National Security Partnership AUSCANUKUS Quadrilateral on Chemical/Biological Terrorism Canada and United States engage the world community in the fight against terrorism:  United Nations  G-8  Financial Action Task Force  Organization of American States (CICTE)

14 14 Key Challenges Emergence of long term philosophical debates: privacy vs. security, integration and harmonization Educating and advocating the realities of Canadian public safety and national security measures Engaging the U.S. Department of Homeland Security


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