Presentation on theme: "Wh Question words Considered as adverbs in the correct grammar sense but also as pronouns, adjectives and exclamations in some cases."— Presentation transcript:
Wh Question words Considered as adverbs in the correct grammar sense but also as pronouns, adjectives and exclamations in some cases.
The use of Wh question words We use Wh question words to give specific information concerning specific requests. We call them Wh question words because those specific adverbs begin with the letters Wh. There are 6 Wh words. There is also the adverb How that is also considered as a specific question words but not a Wh word.
The Wh question words generally used There are 6 Wh question words. Each one expresses a specific notion or answer which is specified in the question. Those words are What Where When Why Who Which
WHAT What we are looking for a thing What is used in a question to express a notion about something or the nature of that thing. It refers to an object, a pastime or hobby, a sport, a quality, to enumerate only a few. But it never refers to a person. In using what we are looking for a thing What What color is your shirt? What What time is it ? What What is your telephone number ? What What is your favourite dish?
WHERE a specific place, a specific address Where is used in a question to express a specific place, a specific address that the person wants to know. It can also be used to know the intention of one’s moving or traveling. Where Where do you live? Where Where do you play golf ? Where Where are you moving to ? Where Where are you going on you vacation ?
WHEN When is used in a question to express what a person wants to know about the specific time or moment of an action that is occurring or that has occurred. When When are you going to school ? When When was the Second World War fought ? When When were you born ? When When did you get married ?
WHY Why is used in a question to refer to the reason of an occurred action or event. It also refers to the cause of the occurred event or action. This event or action has been done or is taking place. Past tense and compound verbs are used in the question. Why Why did you break this window ? Why Why were you late ? Why Why are you skating ? Why Why are you crying ?
Who Who is used in a question to refer to a person (subject ) that is doing an action. Who can only be used in questions requesting the name of a person. Who Who is she ? Who Who is the new student ? Who Who is this Doctor ? Who Who did you talk to yesterday ?
WHICH Which is used in a question to express a choice or a preference about the likes and dislikes of a person. Often, in the question, the person will have the choice of two or more things. Which Which do you prefer in your coffee, milk or cream ? Which Which colours do you want for your bedroom ?
HOW How is known as being an adverb. Nevertheless, it is still used as a question word. In the question it expresses the manner in which an action is done, a person is feeling and/or a means of transportation. How How are you feeling today ? How How can you run 10 miles without being tired ? How How are you going to the party tonight ?
ADVERBS ????? The adverbs How and What are also considered in specific cases as pronouns, adjectives and exclamations depending on how they are used. It is not important to know how to analyse them in a sentence. But it is important to know how to recognize them in a sentence What and How can be matched either with a preposition, an adjective, an adverb or simply used with an exclamation mark. The following charts show you those different notions.
Q-wordsNotionExamples HOW MUCH Quantity, amount, price, non- countable How much time do you have ? I have two hours before I go HOW MANY Number, quantity, countable How many students are there ? There are 32 students WHOM Person (object) Whom did you see ? I saw the players WHOSE Possession Whose pen is this ? It is mine WHAT TIME Expresses time on a clock What time is it ? It is 4 o’clock
Q-WordsNotionsExamples WHAT FOR Use, goal, objectives.What are you studying for ? I’m studying for a school exam WHAT KIND OF Expresses kinds of things What kind of car do you have? I have a Toyota WHAT SIZE Expresses different sizes of things What size are your shoes ? I wear size 7 shoes HOW EARLY Expresses time in advance Early hours How early do you get up ? I get up at 6:30 a.m. HOW LATE Lateness, delay, late hours How late did you get in yesterday ? I got in at 9:00 p.m.
Q-wordsNotionExamples HOW LONG Expresses duration, a precise lapse of time. How long is the movie ? HOW OFTEN Expresses the frequency of a given action How often do you play tennis ? HOW FAR Expresses the notion of distance of a given object. How far is the post office ? HOW NEAR Expresses the proximity of an object How near is the tennis court? HOW WELL Expresses the notion of the perfection in which something is done How well did you do in the exam ?
Q-WORDSNotionExamples HOW LONG All these Q-words express measures of different kind like duration, width, height, speed and size How long is this rope ? How wide is this truck? How large is this building ? How high is that pole ? How tall are you ? How fast are you driving ? HOW WIDE HOW LARGE HOW HIGH HOW TALL HOW FAST
Q-wordsNotionExample HOW OLD Expresses the age of an object, person or thing How old is this dress ? Finally you can see that a large range of possibilities exist in the use of Wh question words. Now it is up to you to practice those words in order to master them:
Now for exercising!!! Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3