Presentation on theme: "REP DAY NOVA SCOTIA Our Electoral System. What is an electoral district? An electoral district is a geographical area represented by an elected official,"— Presentation transcript:
What is an electoral district? An electoral district is a geographical area represented by an elected official, also known as a riding or constituency. The size of an electoral district is determined by population and geographical features. Urban ridings are small and heavily populated, rural ridings are large and sparse.
What is an electoral system? An electoral system is the way that citizens’ choices, expressed as votes, are translated into legislative seats. All electoral systems have three basic elements: –District magnitude: the number of members elected per electoral district –Ballot type: the way in which choices are presented to voters –Electoral formula: the method for determining which candidate gets elected
How are our representatives elected? Canada uses a system called First-Past-the-Post (or Single- Member Plurality) Citizens elect one member per electoral district. Citizens can only choose one candidate/party on the ballot. The winning candidate must receive at least one more vote than any other candidate. This is also known as plurality.
How does First-Past-the-Post work? An example of FPTP, in an electoral district with 100 people. VOTE TOTALS BY CANDIDATE Lucy (Banana Party) 40 Josh (Apple Party) 15 Nancy (Pear Party) 11 Norman (No Affiliation) 34 Lucy wins because she has the most votes, even though most voters chose someone else.
How does someone run for election? A person running for election is called a candidate. Any person who wants to run in a provincial election must file papers with Elections Nova Scotia by the nomination deadline. Political parties select candidates to run for their party in the electoral districts across the province. Candidates can also run as an independent or without any relation to a party.