2 New Weapons of World War 1 Machine GunAccounted for most casualties in WW1Steadily refined and improvedHundreds of rounds per minute
3 New Weapons of World War 1 TanksDeveloped by BritainUsed to crush barbed wire and cross No-Man’s-LandProtect troopsUnderpowered and hard to turnOften stuck in the mud
4 New Weapons of World War 1 Artillery and Field GunsFired shells filled with explosives and shrapnel (metal balls or fragments)“Big Bertha”Could fire at targets 120km awayMounted on railcars
5 New Weapons of World War 1 AircraftUsed for reconnaissance (information gathering)Later armed with machine guns for attack
6 New Weapons of World War 1 Poison GasUsed by both sides by 1917Chlorine GasBurns lungs and eyesMustard GasCreates huge skin blistersPhosgene GasInvisible – causes suffocation
7 Vimy Ridge What we know so far … The ridge was a strong point of German defenses in Northern EuropeProvided an unrestricted view of Allied positionsConsidered impregnableStrong fortifications along the ridgeUnderground chambers inside the ridge212 artillery positions behind the ridge
8 Vimy Ridge What we know so far … Between 1914 – 1916, the French and English launched three unsuccessful attacksCost 150,000 Allied troopsArtillery failureTroops in underground sheltersNo Man’s Land was more treacherousPoison gas failureTank failureMechanical problems, lots of mud in No Man’s Land
9 Vimy Ridge – Reconnaissance Photos Canadian Front Lines
17 Operation: Take that Ridge Working alongside Canadian General Arthur Currie, you and your squad are to plan for the successful destruction or the German fortifications of Vimy Ridge …You are to plan your attack based on our reconnaissance of the German defenses and the terrain.Remember, the British and French failed on three different occasions. Let’s show the world what Canadians can do!
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