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Functional Notation Addendum to Chapter 4

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2 Logic Notation Systems We have seen three different, but equally powerful, notational methods for describing the behavior of gates and circuits: Boolean expressions logic diagrams truth tables

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3 Recall that… Boolean expressions are expressions in Boolean algebra, a mathematical notation for expressing two-valued logic. This algebraic notation is an elegant and powerful way to demonstrate the activity of electrical circuits.

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4 Recall further that… Logic diagram A graphical representation of a circuit Each type of gate is represented by a specific graphical symbol. Truth table A table showing all possible input value and the associated output values.

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5 A Fourth System I addition to these three, there is another widely used system of notation for logic. Functional Notation

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6 Uses a function name followed by a list of arguments in place of the operators used in Boolean Notation. For example: A’ becomes NOT(A)

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7 Functional Equivalents Boolean NotationFunctional Notation X=A’X=NOT(A) X=A + BX=OR(A,B) X=A B X=AND(A,B) X=(A + B)’X=NOT(OR(A,B)) X=(A B)’ X=NOT(AND(A,B))

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8 XOR XOR must be defined in terms of the 3 logic primitives: AND, OR, and NOT Recall its explanation: “one or the other but not both” In Boolean Notation this becomes: X=(A + B) (A B)’ In Functional Notation: X=AND(OR(A,B),NOT(AND(A,B)))

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9 XOR The truthtable for XOR reveals a hint for simpliying or expression. Note that XOR is false (0) when A and B are the same, and true (1) when they are different. ABXOR 000 011 101 110

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10 XOR So XOR can be expressed very simply as: X=NOT(A=B) or X=A<>B

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11 Consider this familiar circuit X=(AB + AC) How will this expression look in functinal notation?

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12 Equvalent expressions X=(AB + AC) AND(A,B) AND(A,C) X=OR(AND(A,B), AND(A,C)) Page 99

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13 The equivalent circuit X=A (B + C) X=AND(A, OR(B,C))

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