Presentation on theme: "APPLYING QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PRINCIPLES IN THE COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE SETTING Presented by: Amanda McIntyre RN, BScN, MN/PHCNP(C) Candidate Danielle Kenyon."— Presentation transcript:
APPLYING QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PRINCIPLES IN THE COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE SETTING Presented by: Amanda McIntyre RN, BScN, MN/PHCNP(C) Candidate Danielle Kenyon PHC-NP, MN
22 Who We Are & What We Do Model of Care: Community Health Centre (CHC) 3 locations: east end, central & west end Population served: vulnerable immigrants, refugees & non- status persons Multidisciplinary team: MDs, NPs, RN/RPNs, MSWs, RDs Community Programs
33 Health Equity: Where does QI fit in? 1 3 PDSA cycle: Introducing the Plan- Do-Study-Act Cycle (PDSA) Process Mapping: Improving access for Government Assisted Refugees (GARs) Activity: Create your own PDSA cycle! Agenda
44 What is Health Equity? Equal access to health care for all CHCs address health inequities by focusing efforts on vulnerable groups Quality improvement used to improve efficiency of care
55 Defining Quality Improvement (QI) “Quality improvement in public health is the use of a deliberate and defined improvement process, such as Plan-Do-Check-Act, which is focused on activities that are responsive to community needs and improving population health. It refers to a continuous and ongoing effort to achieve measurable improvements in the efficiency, effectiveness, performance, accountability, outcomes, and other indicators of quality in services or processes which achieve equity and improve the health of the community.” (R. Bialek, L. M. Beitsch, A. Cofsky, et al, unpublished data, 2009). Riley, W.J., Moran, J.W., Corso, L.C., Beitsch, L.M., Bialek, R., & Cofsky, A. (2010) Defining Quality Improvement in Public Health. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 16(1), 5–7. doi: /PHH.0b013e3181bedb49
66 Office Practice Redesign A process used to improve office efficiency The process involves: Identifying areas for improvement Collecting data to support the need for improvement Planning and testing a change Analyzing data throughout the test process Implementing change or testing a new change idea Benefits: Results in an efficient use of resources Improved patient outcomes and increased satisfaction Reduces/eliminates waste and/or delays
88 Keys to Good Data Collection Explicitly state the questions to be answered by the data Measurement Consider using sampling Design and test a form for collecting the data Train those who will collect the data
99 Contraception PDSA
10 Contraception PDSA March 2011: reviewed contraception policies & practices Problems identified: Monetary losses Not well tracked or monitored Orders placed twice/year Pricing strategy outdated New providers = ? different prescribing practices
11 Contraception PDSA Next steps: Surveyed providers & adjusted ordering to reflect prescribing practices Adjusted pricing strategy to reflect cost to agency No more 21 day packs! Increased frequency of ordering (4x/year) Spreadsheet: track contraception in & out Developed a new CHIT and process for providers
12 The Spreadsheet
13 The CHIT
14 The Dollars and Cents Time Period Purchases$Collected from Clients Difference% Loss% Recovery April March 2011 $10, $1, $8, %14 April March 2012 $3, $2, $ %76% April March 2013 $2, $2, $ %143%
15 Wastage April December 2011: $6, January 2012 – December 2012: $ January 2013 – December 2013: $2,
16 What Comes Next? Next steps: Continue to monitor the spreadsheet & ensure inventory in reflects inventory out Adjust our pricing strategy as needed to reflect cost changes from drug companies Ongoing: check in with any new providers that come on board re: prescribing practices
17 Contraception PDSA What is the objective for this cycle? Within 6 months: Inventory will be tracked, and ordering practices will be changed. Contraception prescribing practices will be determined and monitored. Reduce financial loss to 50%. (loss includes compassionate assistance)
18 Contraception PDSA What questions do you want to answer with this PDSA cycle? What are the most commonly ordered contraceptives? How much of our cost are we recouping? How much inventory should we stock of each brand on a quarterly basis? What is the most effective method to track our inventory?
19 Contraception PDSA Predictions (for questions above based on plan): Most commonly used contraceptives are likely: Alesse, Tricyclen-lo, Micronor, and Depo Provera. Recouping 50% of our cost. The other 50% is lost through compassionate assistance, expired product etc. We are unable to predict required quarterly inventory at this time as no data to review. The contraception inventory/dispensing spreadsheet will be effective IF used correctly by all participating providers. E.g. if a policy is in place and everyone follows it.
20 Contraception PDSA List tasks required to set-up this test: Who, What, When, Where? What – tasksWhoWhenWhere Initial Data Collection (previous year birth control cost/loss) Accounting/Kristie (NP, QIIP team member) March 1 st 2011College location Commonly prescribed BC methods survey Amy (medical secretary) March 23 rd 2011 College location/all practitioners Creating Spreadsheet Amy (medical secretary) April 1 st 2011College location Communication Chit Amy (medical secretary) April 1 st 2011College location Revise process to quarterly ordering Carla (RPN)/QIIP teamJune 1 st 2011College location Develop a process for providers giving out birth control so that it is tracked QIIP teamNext Meeting – tentative: Wed March 30 th pm College location
21 Contraception PDSA Plan to collect data to answer your questions: Who, What, When, Where? What Data?Who Collect?When collect?Where collect?How collect? Commonly prescribed contraception KristieMarch 23 rd 2011College locationSurvey How much birth control used /sold monthly Secretaries/ Amanda April 31 st 2011College locationExcel spreadsheet How much money recovered or lost Accounting department/QIIP team April 31 st 2011College locationExcel spreadsheet
22 Contraception PDSA DO What did you observe when the test was carried out? Were there any unexpected observations? Monetary losses of approximately 9, 000 prior to implementing tracking system. Data informed ordering practices, reducing inventory waste. There were no unexpected inventory observations. STUDY Analyze your data and describe the results. How do the results compare with your predictions? Refer to data chart. What did you learn from this cycle? That it worked!!!
23 Contraception PDSA ACT Are you ready to implement? (Feel confident in change, have tested under different conditions and have no more questions) X yes no Plan for the next cycle (Have more questions, need to make adjustments). adjust spreadsheet to include NIWI clinic Describe the objective for your next cycle: continue to monitor spreadsheet, let spreadsheet inform ordering practices
24 PDSA Case Study Problem: low rates of smoking cessation program utilization Goal: To increase smoking cessation program uptake Your task: think of a strategy to test (to increase program uptake) and complete Plan section of PDSA
25 Plan What is the objective for this cycle? Keep this in mind: Is your aim/objective SMART? Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Timed
26 Plan What questions do you want to answer with this PDSA cycle?
27 Plan Predictions (for questions above based on plan):
28 Plan List tasks required to set-up this test: Who, What, When, Where? What – tasksWhoWhenWhere
29 Plan Plan to collect data to answer your questions: Who, What, When, Where? What Data?Who Collect?When collect?Where collect?How collect?
30 Do What did you observe when the test was carried out? Were there any unexpected observations? Study Analyze your data and describe the results. How do the results compare with your predictions? What did you learn from this cycle?
31 Act Are you ready to implement? (Feel confident in the change, have tested it under different conditions and have no more questions) yes no Plan for the next cycle (Have more questions, need to make adjustments). Describe the objective for your next cycle:
32 Improving Access to Healthcare for GARs
33 The COSTI Clinic for GARs Long-standing partnership between Access Alliance & COSTI reception centre Provides episodic care to GARs during their ~2 week stay at COSTI reception centre Identifies GARs with higher needs/chronic health issues who need to be linked with a PCP more urgently (taken on as clients at Access Alliance)
34 Process Mapping Simple visual picture, or map, of a process Used to better understand how parts of the process function Intended to make improvements to the process
35 Eat in or out? Eat in Eat out Pick a recipe Get the ingredients Prepare & cook food Eat food Wash dishes Choose restaurant Make a reservation Get to restaurant Pay & leave
Client is rostered to PCP at College Initial Visit Ongoing care as needed at College F/U appointment AA Orientation Acute/Episodic health issue identified Appt at other AA location, rostered to new PCP at first appointment Transfer note completed Transfer to another site prn if client has special needs – geo location, access/ability, etc. Chart open, not rostered, identifier used, gives encounters, 1 year College, flagged Care through College on non-COSTI clinic days, caseworker faxes referral, episodic, give next available appt, no initial visit. If status changes to high needs, PCP flags to on board & pt rostered. Triaged by AA staff, apt booked First Contact Clinic 1-2/week, COSTI reception center - triaged High-needs client identified, based on CIC determination or chronic issue identified by COSTI/AA PCP Faxed Referral
37 Creating a Culture of Change Sharing your successes Spread the language of QI Get people excited about change! Impact on the agency as a whole Next steps: consideration of spreading QI into other areas of the agency