Presentation on theme: "The Role of the MP Aim: To identify how MPs represent their"— Presentation transcript:
1The Role of the MP Aim: To identify how MPs represent their constituents (people from their localarea) in Parliament.
2The Work of an MP Monday-Friday Mail/Research/Meetings Morning AM House of Commonspm(Can be later if there are important debates)Sat-SunWork in Constituency
3How Does an MP Represent Their Constituents in Parliament? Passing New LawsQuestion TimeAdjournment DebatesDebatesCommittee WorkThe Ten Minute Rule
4How Does an MP Represent Their Constituents in Parliament? If you were an MP and had theopportunity to introduce a PrivateMember’s Bill in Parliament what newlaw or change in the law would you tryto introduce?
5Constituency Work Responding to Constituents Letters Surgery/Advice ClinicAttending Local MeetingsFact-finding VisitsContact with Local Mass MediaContact with Local CouncillorsSocial Events
6Pressures and Limitations On MPs Aim:To identify different groups who try toput pressure on an MP to support theirviews.
7Pressures on an MP Constituents Political Party Local interests National InterestFamilyIdeological BeliefsPersonal consciencePressure GroupsMedia
8The Whip System Every political party appoints ‘Party Whips’ It is the Whips job to make sure that MPs support their party and leader in key votes in the House of Commons.An MP who wants to be promoted and become a government minister must avoid ‘disobeying the whip’
9The Whip System How Does It Work? Each week, the Whips issue MPs notes onthe order of business in Parliament forthe coming week.*One line whips asks the MP to attend theHouse*Two line whips expects the MP to attend and supportthe government*Three line whip demands an MP’s attendance andsupport.
10The Whip SystemIf an MP refuses to support their party he/she may have the Whip withdrawn. This means their party does not support them and they may not be selected to stand for the party in the next election.In extreme cases, an MP could be expelled from their party.MPs use the Whips to tell their party leader their ideas, concerns or feelings.
11Politics – Task 21. Describe fully two ways that MP represent their constituents in the House of Commons. (4 marks)2. Explain two pressures which MPs face when trying to represent their constituents. (4 marks)
12The Powers of the Prime Minister Aim:Identify the main powers of the Prime Minister.Identify the limits to the Prime Minister’s power.
13The Prime Minister Gordon Brown has been PM since June 2007. He was Chancellor for 10 years while Tony Blair was PM.Paid £187,611 per year.Official residence – 10 Downing Street.‘First Among Equals’ – the PM is elected as an MP to represent a constituency
14Powers of the Prime Minister Power of PatronagePM has the power to appoint people to a range of positions e.g. Cabinet, members of committees, life peers to House of LordsPM can ‘make or break’ a political career.
15Powers of the Prime Minister Chairperson of CabinetPM controls and dominates Cabinet Meetings – decides agenda and topics to be discussed.Cabinet ministers are bound by ‘collective responsibility’ – they must publicly agree with decisions or resign.
16Powers of the Prime Minister Party LeaderThe PM can be confident that his own MPs will support any laws/measures.It is very unusual for MPs to vote against their own party – party whip system, would affect their chances of promotion, could cause the government to lose power.
17Power of PatronageGive examples of types of positions the PM appoints people to.Explain why this power is important.Chairperson of CabinetExplain how the PM controls/dominates meetings.Explain what is meant by ‘collective responsibility’Party LeaderExplain why it is unusual for MPs to vote against their own party.
18Other Powers of the Prime Minister Spokesperson for the Government athome and abroadThe media will report what the PM has tosay about key issues and other worldleaders will meet and discuss world issueswith the PM.Link between the Queen and ParliamentThe PM meets the Queen on a weekly basis andkeeps her up-to-date with what is happening inParliament.
19Other Powers of the Prime Minister Controls the Timetable of the GovernmentThe PM decides which issues are the top prioritiesand which laws needs to be passed first.Decides the Timing of ElectionThe PM must call an election every 5 yearsbut he can chose a time when the government ispopular and has the greatest chance of being re-elected.
20Other Powers of the Prime Minister PM Has Special Foreign and DefenceResponsibilitiesParliament can debate key issues such as thewar in Iraq but the decision to go to warrests with the PM.
21‘President Blair ’It is argued that during his term in officeTony Blair tried to exercise more controlover all areas of government.How did he do this?
22‘President BlairShorter Cabinet meetings – less chance for discussion.Public statements by ministers have to be approved by PM’s press office.Personal meetings with Cabinet ministers.Appoints Cabinet ministers who are Blair supporters.PM speaks to nation about a range of issues rather than the minister responsible.
23Limits to the PM’s Power The PM has to ensure that his party is re-elected every 5 years.PM’s Question Time takes place in the Commons on a weekly basis – a poor performance can damage the PM’s reputation or cause a loss of support.House of Lords can delay bills for up to one year.
24Limits to the PM’s Power PM has to manage unexpected events e.g. recent terrorists attack at Glasgow Airport.PM’s position as party leader could be challenged.Select Committees examine the work of government departments.
25The Cabinet Aims: To identify the main role of the Cabinet Examine the limitations on the power of the Cabinet.
26The Cabinet Meets weekly on a Tuesday Chaired by the Prime Minister who also decides the agenda.Contains heads of key departments, top law officers and government Whips.
27The Powers of the Cabinet Make, check or endorse major government decisions.Settles disputes between government departments.Discuss issues and agree on government policy.Evaluate the success or failure of government initiatives.Remember the power of the Cabinet depends onthe willingness of the Prime Minister to allowdiscussion, debate and decision-making to takeplace.
28Government Ministers Each government department is headed by a Secretary of State (Minister). A Minister hasmany roles:In the Commons they will introduce and explain the purpose of new laws.They will defend the government’s actions in key debates.They will put forward new ideas.They are also responsible for the overall performance of their department.They will brief the Cabinet and PM about key issues.They are a public spokesperson for their department.