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UNDERSTANDING URBAN DEPRIVATION: WRESTLING WITH ACCESS DR MEERA TIWARI & SUSANNAH PICKERING- SAQQA Research & Knowledge Exchange Conference, 26 June 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "UNDERSTANDING URBAN DEPRIVATION: WRESTLING WITH ACCESS DR MEERA TIWARI & SUSANNAH PICKERING- SAQQA Research & Knowledge Exchange Conference, 26 June 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNDERSTANDING URBAN DEPRIVATION: WRESTLING WITH ACCESS DR MEERA TIWARI & SUSANNAH PICKERING- SAQQA Research & Knowledge Exchange Conference, 26 June

2 Understanding Urban Deprivation: background to the study  UKIERI supported collaboration between UEL and TISS, Mumbai  To map and disseminate good practice in overcoming deprivations in urban communities of London and Mumbai  Deprivation within literature in Capability Approach  Lack of entitlements Entitlements: Can be economic or non-economic, physical or non-physical  ‘Lack the opportunity to be adequately nourished, decently clothed, minimally educated, or properly sheltered’ (Sen, 1979) Note: the opportunities here are context specific – Sen’s unrestrictive list of capabilities  Poverty as capability deprivation  Income poverty  Capability poverty 2

3 Methodology  Capability Approach  Ostrom’s Commons Approach Domains of deprivation  Income  Employment  Health  Education & skills  Housing  Crime  Environment 3

4 Methodology – initial framework 4 Source: Based on Tiwari and Ibrahim, 2012

5 Why the access issue?  Initial proposal identifies 100 interviews for each India case study and 50 for each of London case studies.  Sept 2012: First London workshop and London case-study visits identify logistical challenges in interviewing OT and ATD.  Jan 2013: First Mumbai workshop: ATD (4); OT (5); LC (0) – first phase of LC soon after return + recommendation to PGs  June 2013: Second London workshop: PGs report on preliminary meetings  To date India: Sehar (30); GBGB (30); Super30 (30)  To-date UK: ATD (9); OT (10+); LC (4 + 2 in pipeline) 5

6 Disciplinary & legal framework for access 1  ESRC Framework for Research Ethics (2010: revised Sep 2012)  6 principles: Integrity in design Research participants informed of purpose, methods & uses Confidentiality Voluntary participation No harm Independence of research  + working within relevant legislation eg FOI Act, Data Protection, Human Rights Act 6

7 Disciplinary & legal framework for access 2  Social Research Association: Ethics Guidelines (2003)  Obligations to society “in the light of the moral and legal order of the society in which they practice” (13)  Obligations to subjects Voluntary participation Informed as possible “no group should be disadvantaged by routinely being excluded from consideration” (14)  Concerned about impact of: HR Act 1998 on research practice Growth of “research governance” 7

8 Disciplinary & legal framework for access 3  Developing Areas Research Group (DARG) Guidelines  Responsiveness to contextuality – local values and norms  Reciprocity and partnership 8

9 Disciplinary & legal framework for access 4  Charities Act 2011 & Public Benefit Requirement  Institute for Voluntary Action Research (2012) findings: Anxiety & anger among some charities at being under so much scrutiny Greatest impact on religious/faith-based charities, fee charging and membership based. 9

10 “The reluctant respondent” (Adler & Adler, 2001) “The litigious nature of US society today and the politicisation of research have influenced the core, basic character of interviewing” (531)  Organisations/groups divide knowledge terrain into those accessible to the public and those inaccessible.  “spectrum of reluctance”  Researchers need to “navigate” this terrain Strategies for overcoming reluctance and resistance. 10

11 Three London case-studies 11

12 Using the “reluctant respondent” framework Strategies for overcoming reluctance ATD Fourth WorldOsmani TrustLondon Citizens 1. Approach Existing relationship with SPS research Emphasised mutual benefits & partnership Via MA project Emphasised mutual benefits & partnership UEL Alumni 2. Sponsorship Advice from MA Jan 2013 Meeting with ex- colleague & member of ELM 3. Relational groundwork Sept 2012 with TISS Alain as key contact Thurs lunch June 2013 workshop attendance Frimhurst in July? Sept 2012 with TISS UEL Alumni Layers of tel calls, s Dec 2012 interviews with senior managers but unwilling to go around “gatekeeper”. June 2013 new contact but no workshop attendance Sept 2012 with TISS Nov LC Assembly Jan 2013 key interviews May 2013 CO leadership training 4. Joint membership Oxfam GB partnership UEL LSS TELCO membership 12

13 Tentative conclusions  Framework does not acknowledge political and social context eg Gilligan; diaspora-Bangladesh relations and Charities Act Public Benefit pressures.  “Gatekeeper” relationship is vital not just for access but in co- construction of data (Campbell et al 2006).  Challenge of “reluctance” intensified when core research focus is on people experiencing “relational” and “dignity” deprivations. 13


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