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© Boardworks Ltd 2007 1 of 24 NO IDEA I NEED HELP NEVER HEARD OF IT OK I CAN DO THIS WITH SUPPORT SOME GUIDANCE NEEDED NEARLY AT MY TARGET GOT IT! VERY.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2007 1 of 24 NO IDEA I NEED HELP NEVER HEARD OF IT OK I CAN DO THIS WITH SUPPORT SOME GUIDANCE NEEDED NEARLY AT MY TARGET GOT IT! VERY."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 NO IDEA I NEED HELP NEVER HEARD OF IT OK I CAN DO THIS WITH SUPPORT SOME GUIDANCE NEEDED NEARLY AT MY TARGET GOT IT! VERY CONFIDENT WILL HIT MY TARGET GRADE EXCEED TARGET Success Criteria < CCandidates need to be familiar with hierarchical structures, and can describe some benefits and disadvantages C >Should be able to analyse the advantages and disadvantages B > Make judgements on the performance of an organisational structure with recommendations. A >QOWC and SPAG Confident?

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 242 of 27© Boardworks Ltd 2007 Investigating Job Roles Teacher’s notes included in the Notes PageFlash activity. These activities are not editable. Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Web addressesExtension activities Sound Unit 2: People in Business 2 of 24© Boardworks Ltd 2007

3 3 of 24 Learning objectives © Boardworks Ltd of 42 How are different businesses structured? What are organisation charts? How can they help to define job roles within a business? What are the key job roles within a business and what are the differences between them? 3 of 24© Boardworks Ltd 2007

4 4 of 24 Overview A job description is a document describing a job role. Each individual in a business will have a different job role. For a business to be successful, everyone who works in that business must know what they and others should be doing. Different levels of job roles in a business are shown on an organisation chart.

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 What is an organisation chart? An organisation chart is a diagram which shows the internal structure of a business, and how the different jobs within it fit together. QUESTIONS How do you think a structure might be organised? What do you think it looks like?

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 What is an organisation chart? Headteacher Deputy Head Head of Science Science TeacherEnglish TeacherMaths Teacher Head of EnglishHead of Maths What do the horizontal and vertical lines indicate? This is an organisation chart showing how the subject departments (functional areas) of Science, English and Maths are organised in one school.

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 KEY TERMS RESEARCH Span of Control Chain of command Hierarchy 10 Minutes

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Chain of command and span of control In an organisation chart, the people near the top have responsibility for those below them. The chain of command refers to the number of layers through which messages (commands) have to pass in order to get from the person at the top level of authority to staff at the bottom level. The larger the business, the longer the chain of command is likely to be. The span of control is the number of people under the supervision of any given manager (i.e. the people below them in the chart).

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Chain of command

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Case study: Thorpe Park Thorpe Park is a large business with many different functional areas. This organisation chart shows the structure of the Marketing department at Thorpe Park. General Manager Marketing Manager Marketing Analyst Brand Manager PR Manager Marketing Executive

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Case study: Thorpe Park

12 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Hierarchical and flat structures Large businesses and organisations such as Thorpe Park and your school will usually have a hierarchical structure. This is a form of organisation with many different levels of responsibility. The more levels in a business, the more opportunities there are for promotion up the hierarchy. Smaller businesses or organisations will tend to have flat structures – where there are only two or three levels. These types of business are more informal, with close contact between managers and the rest of the staff. What advantages and disadvantages of flat and hierarchical structures can you think of?

13 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Key job levels Businesses organize themselves to achieve their specific aims and objectives, which means that no two businesses will share the same structure. However, in in all medium-to-large businesses, there will usually be four key job levels. Owner/Directors Managers Supervisors Operatives and Support staff

14 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Differences between job roles There are a number of differences between key job levels in a business. The roles of staff in managerial, supervisory, operative and support roles will vary in terms of: their key responsibilities their tasks or activities – what the job entails their job security decisions to make and problems to solve the skills, qualifications and personal qualities they require the related pay and benefits. Think about the job roles of a supermarket manager and a checkout assistant. How do you think they are likely to differ in terms of each of these things?

15 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 What is a job description? Businesses often set out the activities and duties of their employees using job descriptions. A job description is a document that summarizes the key tasks the job holder will be expected to perform and the responsibilities they will have. Many organisations have job descriptions for every job within the business, from the managing director to the cleaner. Job title:Theme park cleaner Department: Housekeeping and Maintenance Hours of work:35 hours per week Duties & responsibilities: 1.Work as part of the park cleaning team to ensure that litter is collected and that the outside areas of the park remain clean and tidy at all times.

16 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Understanding job descriptions Imagine you are the Human Resources Manager at Thorpe Park. During the busy summer months you need to recruit temporary staff to help out at the park. Select one of the following job roles and write a job description for it. Ride technician Food and beverage team leader Customer assistant Theme park gardener

17 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Advantages and disadvantages of job descriptions

18 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 The role of a manager Managers are often responsible for the work of several other members of staff as well as their own. Skills/qualifications: usually educated to degree level. Personal qualities: leadership, ambition, commitment, drive. Pay and benefits: variable depending on the size of the business, but can exceed £100,000. May also also benefit from share option schemes, private healthcare, pension contributions, a company car and performance-related bonus schemes. Key tasks: running a business or department, meeting targets, managing and motivating staff, planning for the future. Job security: dependent on the success of the business.

19 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 The role of a supervisor Supervisors, also known as duty managers or team leaders, are the link between the manager and the operatives. They are responsible for staff within their own department. Job security: variable, although supervisors cost less than managers so they may be less vulnerable to business changes. Skills/qualifications: dependent upon area of work. Personal qualities: attention to detail, ability to motivate staff, reliability. Pay and benefits: dependent on the size of the company, but less than managers. Key tasks: ensuring the smooth, day-to-day running of their own department and managing and motivating their staff.

20 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 The role of an operative Job security: dependent upon the demand for the organisation’s products and services. Skills/qualifications: dependent on job. Personal qualities: hardworking, reliable, able to work within a team. Pay and benefits: variable – can be salaried or paid hourly. Key tasks: doing own job professionally, whether it be as a supermarket checkout assistant or restaurant waitress. Operatives are responsible for carrying out specific tasks, which are crucial to the day-to-day running of the business.

21 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 The role of support staff Skills/qualifications: variable. Personal qualities: reliability, attention to detail (possible supervisory skills for skilled support staff). Pay and benefits: unskilled support staff often receive minimum wage. Skilled support staff are paid according to their specific skills and level. Key tasks: can include administrative duties, IT support, security, maintenance and cleaning. Job security: variable, although it is rare for any organisation to operate without support staff. Support staff assist the operatives, supervisors and managers. Their roles are not directly related to the production of an organisation’s goods and services.

22 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Whose responsibility?

23 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Question time! 1.What information is included in a job description? 2.Give two advantages and two disadvantages of using job descriptions. 3.Place these job roles in order of seniority: manager, support staff, supervisor, director, operative. 4.Give two reasons why managers should be paid more than operatives.

24 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Who wants to be an A* student?

25 © Boardworks Ltd of 24 Glossary


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